Similar to last one. If just looking at the Hollander, last lines suggest the fame one may gain in life won’t be forgotten after death, and this verse, the destruction they cause also won’t be forgotten? Bellows seems almost identical between the two verses.
Literally: “Animals die, family die, you also soon will die. But fair fame will never die, I think, for he who wins it.”
I really like this verse. It speaks to the importance of leaving a good legacy for your kin. You are remembered for what you have done for your people, but if you do nothing you fade from memory.
This one seems purely literal - good to have provisions on a journey. Autumn nights bring unpredictable weather. Be prepared when traveling, paying close attention to your environment and be ready for unexpected changes.
To have a son is good, late-got though he be
and borne when buried his father;
stones see’st thou seldom set by the roadside
but by kith raised over kin.
Literal: even if a son is born after his father dies, it falls to him to memorialize the father.
Figurative: your family (specifically your children) are the best way to have your memory survive your death. It may be the only way.
The lame rides a horse, | the handless is herdsman,
The deaf in battle is bold;
The blind man is better | than one that is burned,
No good can come of a corpse.
Patience with our brothers and sisters is what this reads to me.
Better alive (than lifeless be):
too quick fall ay the cattle;
the hearth fire burned for the happy heir--
outdoors a dead man lay.
The manuscript has "and a worthy life" in place of "than to lie a corpse" in line I, but Rask suggested the emendation as early as 1818, and most editors have followed him.
Fire for men | is the fairest gift,
And power to see the sun;
Health as well, | if a man may have it,
And a life not stained with sin.
There are several ways to interpret this verse. Our ancestors were used to using kennings and metaphor often. There are double meaning implicit and explicit in our lore. That is part of the fun and enjoyment of rereading them and finding new truths buried within. structurally, I think “fairest gift” applies to both fire and the sun. The first part had to do with literal fire and it’s importance to the survival of people in that part of the world in those days. I suspect the same is true of the sun, which would be gone for long periods of time. .
The next part about not living a life stained with sin is great as well. If you're living in the light, loud and proud, you're not hiding from anything, or having to be ashamed of past sins etc. sin in this context means shaming oneself or shaming the gods.
It is to be noted that our ancestors did not recognize "sin". We acknowledged that there is right and wrong, but many times there are points in between. Also, the concept of whites being born into sin was rejected.
Pelagianism is the belief that original sin did not taint human nature and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil without special divine aid. This theological theory is named after the British monk Pelagius (354–420 or 440), although he denied, at least at some point in his life, many of the doctrines associated with his name. Pelagius was identified as an Irishman by Saint Jerome.