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    African Unification (Philly)
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According to Baba Ifa Karade, Oya represents the divinity that guards the cemetery. More specifically she protects the souls of the departed as they journey onward. Oya is viewed as a warrior with great strength. She stands well on her own, but is usually in the company of her counterpart Shango. She is the deity of the storm & hurricanes. She is the deity of rebirth as things must die so that new beginnings could arise. #oya #divinity #africanspirituality #yoruba #feminineforce #feminineenergy #warrior #africanwarrior
According to Baba Ifa Karade, Oya represents the divinity that guards the cemetery. More specifically she protects the souls of the departed as they journey onward. Oya is viewed as a warrior with great strength. She stands well on her own, but is usually in the company of her counterpart Shango. She is the deity of the storm & hurricanes. She is the deity of rebirth as things must die so that new beginnings could arise. #oya  #divinity  #africanspirituality  #yoruba  #feminineforce  #feminineenergy  #warrior  #africanwarrior 
Yemoja represents the divinity of all the oceans. She is said to be the mother of all Orishas & expresses her mothering throughout the earthly & heavenly realms. Yemoja is the matriarchal head of the cosmic universe. Yemoja is known to be very stern & expresses the protective energies of the feminine force. #Yemoja #divinity #earthly #earthlyrealm #heavenly #heavenlyrealms #matriarch #matriarchal #feminineenergy #feminineforce #yoruba #africanspirituality
Ogun is the divinity of iron & all that iron becomes. He is the patron of blacksmiths, hunters & warriors. Ogun represents the essence of divine justice on Earth. Ogun is symbolized by the cauldron into which metal objects are placed. Knives are often added as Ogun is the first to taste the blood of any sacrificial animal. #ogun #africanspirituality #divinity #africanwarrior #Yoruba #divine #justice
Ogun is the divinity of iron & all that iron becomes. He is the patron of blacksmiths, hunters & warriors. Ogun represents the essence of divine justice on Earth. Ogun is symbolized by the cauldron into which metal objects are placed. Knives are often added as Ogun is the first to taste the blood of any sacrificial animal. #ogun  #africanspirituality  #divinity  #africanwarrior  #Yoruba  #divine  #justice 
Oshun is the Orisha of unconditional love, receptivity & diplomacy. She is known for her sensuality, fine artistic development & beauty. Oshun is a river divinity symbolizing clarity & flowing motion. She has powers to heal with cool water & to divine based in her dream revelations & sensual perception. She has many sides. On one hand she can be short-tempered & irritable or she could be calm & fluid. Oshun is also considered the divinity of fertility and feminine essence. Oshun is reflected in brass, gold & shining gems. Known for her love of honey. #Oshun #orisha #orishas #divinity #unconditionallove #receptivity #diplomacy #sensuality #fineart #beautiful #river #feminine #feminineessence
Oshun is the Orisha of unconditional love, receptivity & diplomacy. She is known for her sensuality, fine artistic development & beauty. Oshun is a river divinity symbolizing clarity & flowing motion. She has powers to heal with cool water & to divine based in her dream revelations & sensual perception. She has many sides. On one hand she can be short-tempered & irritable or she could be calm & fluid. Oshun is also considered the divinity of fertility and feminine essence. Oshun is reflected in brass, gold & shining gems. Known for her love of honey. #Oshun  #orisha  #orishas  #divinity  #unconditionallove  #receptivity  #diplomacy  #sensuality  #fineart  #beautiful  #river  #feminine  #feminineessence 
Eshu-Elegba as a divinity, is viewed as the powerful holder of the ashe or creative potency of the other Orishas. Represents the Orisha that holds the ashe & delivers messages & sacrifices. #eshuelegba #divinity #ashe #orishas #eshu #elegba
Eshu-Elegba as a divinity, is viewed as the powerful holder of the ashe or creative potency of the other Orishas. Represents the Orisha that holds the ashe & delivers messages & sacrifices. #eshuelegba  #divinity  #ashe  #orishas  #eshu  #elegba 
Obatala is also known as Orishanla, Orishaala, Ogiyan. Obatala is deemed the arch divinity of Yorubaland. Obatala represents the idea of ritual purity & ethical purity. Obatala is considered the "father of the orisha" & "moulder of human form on earth". Reference used Baba Ifa Karade's "the Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts"). #Obatala #Orishanla #Orishaala #Ogiyan #Yorubaland #ritualpurification #ethicalpurity #orisha #orishas
Oshun is the Orisha of unconditional love, receptivity & diplomacy. She is known for her sensuality, fine artistic development & beauty. Oshun is a river divinity symbolizing clarity & flowing motion. She has powers to heal with cool water & to divine based in her dream revelations & sensual perception. She has many sides. On one hand she can be short-tempered & irritable or she could be calm & fluid. Oshun is also considered the divinity of fertility and feminine essence. Oshun is reflected in brass, gold & shining gems. Known for her love of honey. #Oshun #orisha #orishas #divinity #unconditionallove #receptivity #diplomacy #sensuality #fineart #beautiful #river #feminine #feminineessence
Oshun is the Orisha of unconditional love, receptivity & diplomacy. She is known for her sensuality, fine artistic development & beauty. Oshun is a river divinity symbolizing clarity & flowing motion. She has powers to heal with cool water & to divine based in her dream revelations & sensual perception. She has many sides. On one hand she can be short-tempered & irritable or she could be calm & fluid. Oshun is also considered the divinity of fertility and feminine essence. Oshun is reflected in brass, gold & shining gems. Known for her love of honey. #Oshun  #orisha  #orishas  #divinity  #unconditionallove  #receptivity  #diplomacy  #sensuality  #fineart  #beautiful  #river  #feminine  #feminineessence 
Orisha is the Yoruba word for angel. According to Baba Ifa Karade, the Orishas were created & sent by Oludumare(God) to assist in the spiritual evolution of humankind. The Yoruba concept of ancestors & Orishas as messengers of Oludumare were in effect thousands of years prior to Judeo-Christianity. In the Yoruba religious system one must believe in the orisha in order to ascend to God-consciousness & in order to reach the divine state of human being. The Orishas are angels of heaven sent to continually wrestle with human nature to uplift it & to purify it. Orisha is the combination of two Yoruba words: ori & sha. Ori is the reflective spark of human consciousness embedded in essence. Sha is the ultimate potentiality of that consciousness to enter into the divine consciousness. Ori also means according to G. Okemyiwa & A. Fubunmi the "the apex of all things, the highest of any endeavor...in the human body ori is divided into two: the physical head & the spiritual head...the spiritual head is also subdivided into two: the Ori Apari - inner (the internal spiritual ori) & the Ori Apere (the sign of an individual's personal God)." According to Baba Ifa Karade "the Ori Ode (physical head), the Ori Inu (the internal spirit) & the Iponri (the soul space of the inner-self) are more definitions of the Ori." In the Yoruba religion there are a total of 401 Orishas but there are 7 major Orishas which are Obatala, Eshu-Elegba, Oshun, Ogun, Yemoja, Oya & Shango. (Sources used Baba Ifa Karade's "the Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts") #Orisha #Yoruba #BabaIfaKarade #Orishas #Oludumare #God #spiritualevolution #JudeoChristianity #godconsciousness #divinestate #angels #heaven #humannature #ori #sha #humanconsciousness #essence #divineconsciousness #consciousness #physicalhead #physical #spiritualhead #innerself #internalspirit #africanspirituality
Orisha is the Yoruba word for angel. According to Baba Ifa Karade, the Orishas were created & sent by Oludumare(God) to assist in the spiritual evolution of humankind. The Yoruba concept of ancestors & Orishas as messengers of Oludumare were in effect thousands of years prior to Judeo-Christianity. In the Yoruba religious system one must believe in the orisha in order to ascend to God-consciousness & in order to reach the divine state of human being. The Orishas are angels of heaven sent to continually wrestle with human nature to uplift it & to purify it. Orisha is the combination of two Yoruba words: ori & sha. Ori is the reflective spark of human consciousness embedded in essence. Sha is the ultimate potentiality of that consciousness to enter into the divine consciousness. Ori also means according to G. Okemyiwa & A. Fubunmi the "the apex of all things, the highest of any endeavor...in the human body ori is divided into two: the physical head & the spiritual head...the spiritual head is also subdivided into two: the Ori Apari - inner (the internal spiritual ori) & the Ori Apere (the sign of an individual's personal God)." According to Baba Ifa Karade "the Ori Ode (physical head), the Ori Inu (the internal spirit) & the Iponri (the soul space of the inner-self) are more definitions of the Ori." In the Yoruba religion there are a total of 401 Orishas but there are 7 major Orishas which are Obatala, Eshu-Elegba, Oshun, Ogun, Yemoja, Oya & Shango. (Sources used Baba Ifa Karade's "the Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts") #Orisha  #Yoruba  #BabaIfaKarade  #Orishas  #Oludumare  #God  #spiritualevolution  #JudeoChristianity  #godconsciousness  #divinestate  #angels  #heaven  #humannature  #ori  #sha  #humanconsciousness  #essence  #divineconsciousness  #consciousness  #physicalhead  #physical  #spiritualhead  #innerself  #internalspirit  #africanspirituality 
By @haitian_afrikanking via @RepostWhiz app:
It's a sad day for Afrikan history when you have English speaking Afrikans thinking they have more in common with English speaking Europeans than they do with Spanish speaking Afrikans, or when you have French speaking Afrikans in Haiti thinking they have more in common with the French than they do with the Afrikan people of Guyana or Jamaica. "Africans in the United States must remember that the slave ships brought no West Indians, no Caribbeans, no Jamaicans or Trinidadians or Barbadians to this hemisphere. The slave ships brought only African people and most of us took the semblance of nationality from the places where slave ships dropped us off." Dr. John Henrik Clarke
(#RepostWhiz app)
By @haitian_afrikanking via @RepostWhiz app: It's a sad day for Afrikan history when you have English speaking Afrikans thinking they have more in common with English speaking Europeans than they do with Spanish speaking Afrikans, or when you have French speaking Afrikans in Haiti thinking they have more in common with the French than they do with the Afrikan people of Guyana or Jamaica. "Africans in the United States must remember that the slave ships brought no West Indians, no Caribbeans, no Jamaicans or Trinidadians or Barbadians to this hemisphere. The slave ships brought only African people and most of us took the semblance of nationality from the places where slave ships dropped us off." Dr. John Henrik Clarke (#RepostWhiz  app)
In March 1925, which was a month after Marcus Garvey's incarceration Amy Jacques Garvey published a powerful attack in the Negro World exposing associates who betrayed Marcus Garvey. She wrote "Why bite the hand that feeds you? Who informed against Marcus Garvey? Who among the six millions of his followers would turn traitor to one who did so much good for his race? Those who he trusted most, & who were closest to him in his work." #amyjacquesgarvey #garveyite #garveyism #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey #philosophyandopinions #blackwoman #negroworld #robertahill
In March 1925, which was a month after Marcus Garvey's incarceration Amy Jacques Garvey published a powerful attack in the Negro World exposing associates who betrayed Marcus Garvey. She wrote "Why bite the hand that feeds you? Who informed against Marcus Garvey? Who among the six millions of his followers would turn traitor to one who did so much good for his race? Those who he trusted most, & who were closest to him in his work." #amyjacquesgarvey  #garveyite  #garveyism  #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey  #philosophyandopinions  #blackwoman  #negroworld  #robertahill 
Amy Jacques Garvey was made the associate editor of the Negro World on March 1924. She was promoted to the position because she tirelessly edited, published & promoted Vol. I of "The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey" this gave her legitimacy. She earned income from selling books, controlling sale of Garvey memorabilia, reprints of "African Fundamentalism" and life-size portraits. This made her financially independent of the UNIA. She independently controlled the Garvey Defense Fund, giving her a independent agency to lobby & raise funds for Marcus Garvey while he was incarcerated without the help from UNIA leadership. She had authority of an entire page/section in Negro World editorials entitled "Our Women and What They Think". On February 7, 1925, the day Marcus Garvey was taken into federal custard in Atlanta, Amy was appointed secretary treasurer of the Marcus Garvey Freedom and Protection Fund, with exclusive authorization to receive donations on her husbands behalf. She collected an estimated $40,000-$50,000 through fundraising in the spring of 1926 for Marcus Garvey's legal fund. #amyjacquesgarvey #garveyite #garveyism #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey #philosophyandopinions #blackwoman
Amy Jacques Garvey was made the associate editor of the Negro World on March 1924. She was promoted to the position because she tirelessly edited, published & promoted Vol. I of "The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey" this gave her legitimacy. She earned income from selling books, controlling sale of Garvey memorabilia, reprints of "African Fundamentalism" and life-size portraits. This made her financially independent of the UNIA. She independently controlled the Garvey Defense Fund, giving her a independent agency to lobby & raise funds for Marcus Garvey while he was incarcerated without the help from UNIA leadership. She had authority of an entire page/section in Negro World editorials entitled "Our Women and What They Think". On February 7, 1925, the day Marcus Garvey was taken into federal custard in Atlanta, Amy was appointed secretary treasurer of the Marcus Garvey Freedom and Protection Fund, with exclusive authorization to receive donations on her husbands behalf. She collected an estimated $40,000-$50,000 through fundraising in the spring of 1926 for Marcus Garvey's legal fund. #amyjacquesgarvey  #garveyite  #garveyism  #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey  #philosophyandopinions  #blackwoman 
"I thought I had done almost the impossible, when I was able to rush a first copy of Vol. II to him, but he callously said 'now I want you to send free copies to Senators, Congressmen & prominent men who might become interested in my case, as I want to make another application for a pardon.' When I completed this task I weighed 98 pounds, had low blood pressure & one eye was badly strained. Two doctors advised complete rest. I stayed with southern friends in Montclair, New Jersey; but it was only part-time rest, as I telegraphed the flat [in New York] daily, & went on weekends to clear up accumulated work. After two weeks he [Marcus Garvey] telegraphed me to come & bring all acknowledgments of books sent, then he informed me that as soon as I was stronger, I should make a list of the favorable ones, & go to the capital to lobby on his behalf" - Amy Jacques Garvey #amyjacquesgarvey #garveyite #garveyism #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey #philosophyandopinions #blackwoman
"I thought I had done almost the impossible, when I was able to rush a first copy of Vol. II to him, but he callously said 'now I want you to send free copies to Senators, Congressmen & prominent men who might become interested in my case, as I want to make another application for a pardon.' When I completed this task I weighed 98 pounds, had low blood pressure & one eye was badly strained. Two doctors advised complete rest. I stayed with southern friends in Montclair, New Jersey; but it was only part-time rest, as I telegraphed the flat [in New York] daily, & went on weekends to clear up accumulated work. After two weeks he [Marcus Garvey] telegraphed me to come & bring all acknowledgments of books sent, then he informed me that as soon as I was stronger, I should make a list of the favorable ones, & go to the capital to lobby on his behalf" - Amy Jacques Garvey #amyjacquesgarvey  #garveyite  #garveyism  #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey  #philosophyandopinions  #blackwoman 
We wouldn't have "The Philosophy & Opinions of Marcus Garvey" without the Queen Amy Jacques Garvey who mentioned in a interview "I compiled some of my husband's prophetic sayings for my personal record, & on reading them over one day the idea occurred to me to enlarge on them & give the public an opportunity of reading some of his thoughts written in simple & condensed style." #marcusgarvey #philosophyandopinions #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey #robertahill #negroworld #garveyism #garveyite #amyjacquesgarvey #blackwoman #blackwomen #africanwoman #africanwomen
We wouldn't have "The Philosophy & Opinions of Marcus Garvey" without the Queen Amy Jacques Garvey who mentioned in a interview "I compiled some of my husband's prophetic sayings for my personal record, & on reading them over one day the idea occurred to me to enlarge on them & give the public an opportunity of reading some of his thoughts written in simple & condensed style." #marcusgarvey  #philosophyandopinions  #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey  #robertahill  #negroworld  #garveyism  #garveyite  #amyjacquesgarvey  #blackwoman  #blackwomen  #africanwoman  #africanwomen 
A month after leaving the editorship of the Negro World, Ferris wrote: "to me Marcus Garvey is a remarkable personality. He represents a type of great man which sometimes makes mistakes but also does big things. The men with the mind to conceive vast designs & the will to put their colossal plans into operation have been the makers of human history. The predominant characteristic of Marcus Garvey is that he is not only a dreamer & a builder of air castles, but that he also has the will to do & the courage to dare. Hence he represents the heroic type of human personality. His contemporaries judge him by what he actually accomplished & by what he failed to accomplish. But posterity will judge him also by what he aspired to be & to do. Whatever the final legal outcome, he will live in Negro history as a man of limitless aspiration & boundless ambition." #williamhferris #williamferris #uniaacl #unia #theafricanabroad #marcusgarvey #philosophyandopinions #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey #robertahill #negroworld #garveyism #garveyite #blackhistory #africanhistory
A month after leaving the editorship of the Negro World, Ferris wrote: "to me Marcus Garvey is a remarkable personality. He represents a type of great man which sometimes makes mistakes but also does big things. The men with the mind to conceive vast designs & the will to put their colossal plans into operation have been the makers of human history. The predominant characteristic of Marcus Garvey is that he is not only a dreamer & a builder of air castles, but that he also has the will to do & the courage to dare. Hence he represents the heroic type of human personality. His contemporaries judge him by what he actually accomplished & by what he failed to accomplish. But posterity will judge him also by what he aspired to be & to do. Whatever the final legal outcome, he will live in Negro history as a man of limitless aspiration & boundless ambition." #williamhferris  #williamferris  #uniaacl  #unia  #theafricanabroad  #marcusgarvey  #philosophyandopinions  #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey  #robertahill  #negroworld  #garveyism  #garveyite  #blackhistory  #africanhistory 
William H. Ferris was chief editor of the Negro World from 1919-1923. Ferris left the Negro World because of a falling out with Marcus Garvey over nonpayment of salary. Ferris helped make the Negro World the most widely circulated Black newspaper in the Western Hemisphere. Ferris got his M.A. Degrees from both Yale in 1899 & Harvard in 1900, he attended Harvard Divinity School from 1897-1899. In February 1920; Ferris was made acting chancellor of the UNIA. At the second UNIA convention in August 1921 Ferris was elected assistant president general. At the third UNIA convention of August 1922 he was elected first assistant president-general. Ferris was the only delegate who refused to sign Garvey's Bill of Rights at the first International Convention in August 1920. If he would have signed he would of been elected High Chancellor with salary of $7,500 per year. He objected to the clause that read "we will not go to war for alien races unless our leader tells us to, except it is a war of national defense". Ferris believed that the clause would make the UNIA an outlaw organization, he believed that led to Eugene Debs being incarcerated & Emma Goldman being deported. Ferris released 2 influential volumes of The African Abroad in 1913 which was highly read in the period. (sources used Robert A. Hill's introduction in Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey) #williamhferris #williamferris #uniaacl #unia #theafricanabroad #marcusgarvey #philosophyandopinions #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey #robertahill #negroworld #garveyism #garveyite #amyjacquesgarvey
William H. Ferris was chief editor of the Negro World from 1919-1923. Ferris left the Negro World because of a falling out with Marcus Garvey over nonpayment of salary. Ferris helped make the Negro World the most widely circulated Black newspaper in the Western Hemisphere. Ferris got his M.A. Degrees from both Yale in 1899 & Harvard in 1900, he attended Harvard Divinity School from 1897-1899. In February 1920; Ferris was made acting chancellor of the UNIA. At the second UNIA convention in August 1921 Ferris was elected assistant president general. At the third UNIA convention of August 1922 he was elected first assistant president-general. Ferris was the only delegate who refused to sign Garvey's Bill of Rights at the first International Convention in August 1920. If he would have signed he would of been elected High Chancellor with salary of $7,500 per year. He objected to the clause that read "we will not go to war for alien races unless our leader tells us to, except it is a war of national defense". Ferris believed that the clause would make the UNIA an outlaw organization, he believed that led to Eugene Debs being incarcerated & Emma Goldman being deported. Ferris released 2 influential volumes of The African Abroad in 1913 which was highly read in the period. (sources used Robert A. Hill's introduction in Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey) #williamhferris  #williamferris  #uniaacl  #unia  #theafricanabroad  #marcusgarvey  #philosophyandopinions  #philosophyandopinionsofmarcusgarvey  #robertahill  #negroworld  #garveyism  #garveyite  #amyjacquesgarvey 
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