The Great Wall of China is a series of fortificationsmade of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese statesand empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built in 220–206 BC by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. Little of that wall remains. The Great Wall has been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced over various dynasties; the majority of the existing wall is from the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644). Apart from defense, other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor.
The frontier walls built by different dynasties have multiple courses. Collectively, they stretch from Dandong in the east to Lop Lakein the west, from present-day Sino-Russian border in the north to Qinghai in the south; along an arc that roughly delineates the edge of Mongolian steppe. A comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has concluded that the walls built by the Ming dynasty measure 8,850 km (5,500 mi). This is made up of 6
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In search of artistic inspirations, Wu Guanzhong went on his first ever journey to the Loess Plateau in the Hequ region of Northern Shanxi in 1989 and immediately felt connected to the land.
'Yellow River Under Moonlight', with its light washes of colour and liberally rendered lines that indicate the swift speed of brushwork, set the picture in motion. Yet to the viewr, depicts a peaceful, meditative scene of a flowing stream.
Lot 1311 - Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010), Yellow River Under Moonlight, 1989. (Detail). Scroll, mounted and framed, ink and colour on paper, 68.5 x 136.8 cm. (27 x 53 7/8 in.). Estimate: HK$10,000,000-12,000,000.
Fine Chinese Modern Paintings, Part I & II - 26-27 November at Christie's Hong Kong
The #yellowriver only intersects with the #greatwall at Laoniu Bay, which becomes the perfect combination of human history and natural heritage. The environment is rarely affected by human activities, staying here and doing nothing is a good way to enjoy. #VisitShanxi#ShanxiTreasure