Day 9 also took us to Arromanches, the site of Gold Beach and one of the Mulberry harbours. During the Normandy Campaign, the Allies purposefully chose to not land at ports, but they needed to get equipment and other cargo ashore so they built temporary, portable harbours. The one here was a mile long and remnants can still be seen near the beach and further offshore. In the 5 months of operation, 2 million men and 4 million tons of supplies came through Mulberry B #juno18
I never know how to feel about photographing sites of trauma. This is the Burma Railway, built for the Empire of Japan by Southeast Asian civilian labourers and Allied prisoners of war: approximately 102,000 people died during its construction.
I watched as swathes of tourists took selfies on the bridge, and I felt a ripple of discomfort. I know that I intensely oppose the “Auchwitz selfie”; but where do we draw the line in objecting to aestheticising other people’s pain?
The bridge and it’s surroundings are intensely beautiful and I instantly felt I wanted to photograph them. Is presenting a place with such horrible history behind it as beautiful, as I believe I have done in this photo, ok or misguided?
Stunning picture from the first world War. Here you see late war German soldiers during fights. Both wear the German Stahlhelm m1916. The left is preparing a stiehlhandgrenade, a symbole of the world wars. The allies called it lovely potato smasher. The right one shoots with a Mg 0815. Because every Soldier had to do a routine training with this gun, they there very confident with it. The training was so superfluous, that 0815 is still today phrase for a something that is not very special. The helmet on the right is an Adrian helmet.
Beeindeuckendes Bild aus dem ersten Weltkrieg. Hier siest du zwei deutsche Soldaten während Kämpfen. Beide Tragen den Deutschen m1916 Stahlhelm. Der linke bereitet eine stielhandgranate vor, ein symbol der weltkriege. Die Alliierten nannten sie liebevoll Kartoffelstampfer. Der rechte schießt mit einem Mg 0815. Da jeder deutsche Soldat ein langes routine training mit dem Mg Machen musste, waren sie sehr sicher damit. Das Training war bald sogar so überflüssig, dass 0815 immernoch eine redewendung für etwas unsoektakuläres/unspezielles ist. Der helm rechts ist ein Adrian helm.
There were some unusual weapons used in Greece, especially in Crete during WWII. One of them is the United Defense UD 42 submachine gun (also called the Marlin by the British). Even though it was firstly created for the U.S. troops, it was being air dropped to partisans in occupied Europe. The gun was air dropped to supply British-led partisan forces on the island of Crete, in Greece where it was mostly used. It was also used by the partisans of the Italian and French Resistance. ⚔️
Photo: Greek partisans in Crete
Photo source and basic info for the gun: http://weaponsman.com/?p=14302
A Day in the History -
14th August 1942
SS-Oberscharfuhrer Klehr ordered 2 kilogrammes of phenol in the camp pharmacy. He was using it to kill prisoners with the phenol injections to the hearts.
In the picture you can see Joseph Klehr. He took over killing the prisoners of Auschwitz with phenol injections in 1942. He devised ways to optimise the speed of the killing process, such as experimenting with the positioning of prisoners before their injection. Occasionally, he was conducting the selections on the ramp. In 1943, he became the head of the disinfection squad, and he was a handler of Zyklon B - he had to delouse living quarters and clothes but also took part in the gassing of the people. He was inserting the gas in the gas chamber.
On 19th August 1965, the court convicted him of murder in at least 475 cases, assistance in the joint murder of at least 2730 cases, and sentenced him to life imprisonment with an additional 15 years. On 25th January 1988, his sentence was suspended due to unfitness for custody. He died after seven months of freedom at the age of 83.
The picture is the courtesy of the German Federal Archives.
#Repost @worldwardeux ・・・
NANCY WAKE ——
Born in New Zealand and raised in Australia, Nancy Wake was a journalist in New York and London and then married a wealthy Frenchman and was living in Marseille when Germany invaded. Wake immediately went to work for the French resistance, hiding and smuggling men out of France and ferrying contraband supplies and falsified documents. She was once captured and interrogated for days, but gave no secrets away. With the Nazis in hot pursuit, Wake managed to escape to Britain in 1943, and joined the Special Operations Executive (SOE), a British intelligence agency. After training with weapons and parachutes, she was airdropped back into France—as an official spy and warrior. Wake had no trouble shooting Nazis or blowing up buildings with the French guerrilla fighters known as maquis in the service of the resistance. She once killed an SS sentry with her bare hands. After the war, Nancy Wake was awarded the George Medal from the British, the Medal of Freedom from the U.S., and the Médaille de la Résistance and three Croix de Guerre from France, among other honors. She also found out that her husband had died in 1943 when the Gestapo had tortured him to find out his wife's whereabouts. He refused any cooperation to the point of death. ————————————————————
Soldados alemães pertencentes a Luftwaffe estão próximos aos destroços de Lockheed P-38 Lightning "ES-J" que caiu na Tunísia, no início de 1943. O avião pertence ao 48º esquadrão de caça / do 14 grupo de caça da USAAF. Esta foto foi publicada pela primeira vez na revista SIGNAL, edição de maio de 1943. A Operação Tocha (a invasão do noroeste da África) foi a primeira grande operação anglo-americana da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Foi também a primeira vez que o P-38 viu uma ação significativa contra a Luftwaffe. A única indicação de como o P-38 lidaria contra aviões de caça alemães veio de um voo de teste contra um Fw 190 capturado. Dois Grupos de Caças equipados com P-38 - 1 e 14 - foram alocados à Operação Tocha com um terceiro o 78º) mantido em reserva na Grã-Bretanha. Eles não participaram dos desembarques iniciais em 8 de novembro de 1942 - o 14º FG não entrou em operação no Norte da África até o dia 11 de novembro. Inicialmente, eles estavam baseados no oeste da Argélia, como parte da Força Tarefa Central ocupada por Oran, mas nos dias que se seguiram os alemães construíram uma presença impressionante na Tunísia, e os grupos P-38 foram movidos para o leste, inicialmente para Argel O 14º FG foi o primeiro, mudando-se para a recém-capturada base aérea em Youks-les-Bains, com o primeiro esquadrão em movimento em 21 de novembro. Essa base ficava perto da fronteira com a Tunísia, e os P-38 logo se viram enfrentando a crescente presença da Luftwaffe no norte da África. Nos dois meses seguintes, o 14º FG realizou uma mistura de missões de ataque terrestre, escolta de bombardeiros e superioridade aérea. No início eles estavam envolvidos no apoio ao primeiro, sem sucesso, tente capturar Túnis, que havia ocupado a maior parte do final de novembro de 1942. ⬇🔜 continua
In the midst of chaos that was WWII, the US was creating the liberty ships, a class of ships that would be mass built in response to the U-boats that prowled the seas. One of them was the L. H. McNelly, weighing in at 7,400 tons, was 510 ft in length and could make 11 knots. From 1943 onwards she escaped danger and beat what many couldn’t, the Battle of the Atlantic, but what now? These ships weren’t exactly great, and they weren’t designed to last a long time. She was then sold to the recently liberated Netherlands in 1947 and renamed Zeeman. After a number of years in this role she was sold to a Chilean company and renamed Santa Fe in 1959. She still resembles how she looked after the war and was likely in very poor condition in her last few years. It was August of 1967 when Santa Fe was going along the west coast of Chile with a cargo of iron ore. The ship and her crew of 37 were last seen leaving Coquimbo and was last heard of on August 13th. Nothing was seen of her since and no debris was found after a search was made. Ships with an ore cargo of any kind is likely to have a catastrophic sinking if a leak or major hull fracture wets the cargo, it gets very heavy very quickly. Many ships have gone down in mere seconds after such cargo was opened to the sea, even monsters like Stellar Daisy in 2017. It is likely this could have doomed Santa Fe. #missing#mystery#wwii#ww2#libertyship#battleoftheatlantic#freighter#ship#maritime#history#photo#1943#1967#2018#merchantmarine#merchantnavy#tragedy#nosurvivors#chilean#zeeman#lestweforget#santafe
8/14/18 is #CodeTalkerDay I have the highest respect for this godly man, Pastor Roy Hawthorne. I’m glad he is at home with his Savior. Bro. Hawthorne lived his life well for the LORD. He left behind a geat legacy. I’m sure I’ll shed a few tears thinking about him. I’m glad my grandfather has another brother in Christ and fellow preacher with him in eternity. What a reunion that must’ve been. ❤️💛 #Navajo#WWII#Marine#hero#pastor#soldier
#Repost @projectrecover ・・・
Using state-of-the-art imaging technology, the Project Recover team is able to get a three-dimensional view of wreckage on the sea floor even before divers started exploring. #mia#projectrecover#wwii
The Atkinson Clock Tower- one of three pre-world war II buildings still standing in the city. Kota Kinabalu (then Jesselton) was razed by the British forces as they retreated and was bombed by allied forces to prevent the Japanese from using the city (and island) to their advantage.