As a result of the Treaty of Versailles, the German Army was reduced to its minimum. Therefore, Germany could only form a company-level mountain troop (called Gebirgsjäger, lit. mountain hunter). When Hitler came to power in 1933, it was expanded to a brigade level. Two years later, a division-sized Gebirgsjäger was established. At the time of the annexation of Austria in 1938, various Austrian infantry regiments were absorbed into the German mountain regiments. They were known as the Ostmark.
By the outbreak of war in 1939, Germany had officially had three full-sized mountain divisions. During the war, the numbers of divisions continued to increase so that by war's end, Germany had had a total of nineteen mountain divisions and four independent battalions for higher mountains. The latter were eventually integrated into ordinary mountain units as they relatively had the same task and no special functions. Of these nineteen divisions, eleven were of the Army and eight were of the Waffen-SS. Almost all members of the Waffen-SS mountain divisions were ethnic Germans from German-occupied territories.
The photo shows a Gebirgsjäger cannoneer carrying what appears to be the carriage of a mountain gun.
Both of these books by #rutasepetys are moving accounts of lesser known tragedies during World War II that I thought were beautifully done.
Between Shades of Gray is about the people of the Baltic countries being forced out of their homes by Stalin’s orders and it is inspired by the author’s own family history. When this book came out 7 years ago I read it aloud to my husband as we were driving across the country right after we got married. It is a hard one to read aloud without getting emotional! There is a movie being made of the book soon called Ashes in the Snow.
Salt to the Sea is about a ship disaster that was 6 times deadlier than the Titanic, but has been largely forgotten. It’s told from four point of views and I thought they converged perfectly to tell the story. As soon as I finished the book I went to look up more information about the event, which I think is the mark of great historical fiction.
Obviously both stories are heart breaking, but I thought the author did a great job of telling a painful story without being overly gruesome and still finding little pieces of hope and meaning amongst the suffering.
You can find both books on Amazon through the link in my profile. Have you read these books? What are some of your other favorites set during World War II?
The B-17G Flying Fortress Aluminum Overcast at Wings Over Waukesha. Will be seeing her soon again @EAAairventure! The B-17 was primarily employed by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in the daylight strategic bombing campaign of World War II against German industrial and military targets. The United States Eighth Air Force, based at many airfields in central and southern England, and the Fifteenth Air Force, based in Italy, complemented the RAF Bomber Command's nighttime area bombing in the Combined Bomber Offensive to help secure air superiority over the cities, factories and battlefields of Western Europe in preparation for the invasion of France in 1944. The B-17 also participated to a lesser extent in the War in the Pacific, early in World War II, where it conducted raids against Japanese shipping and airfields. I also growing up had quite a few talks with a Gettelman that was a customer of ours who was a Ball Turret Gunner on a fortress.
Monday Musing - Richard has a love for these aircraft which were based in Poole during and after the Second World War. After completing the painting we were going through Richard's late Father's belongings and came across a postcard he had sent his then sweetheart, who later became his wife, from South Africa during the war. The postcard featured a Short Sunderland Flying Boat pointing in exactly the same direction as Richard's painting - a truly spine chilling moment.
Gotta love that stg
Comments in languages other than English or Dutch will be deleted. Any comment which glorifies the the Third Reich or the Soviet Union will also be removed. Also respect the everyday normal people who were conscripted into the army, and had to fight for their survival.
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In the photo, Eugeniusz Horbaczewski, commander of 315 Fighter Squadron "Dęblinski" and his Mustang PK-G FB387 a few days before the shooting. Eugeniusz Horbaczewski, nicknamed "Dziubek" (born September 28, 1917 in Kiev, died on August 18, 1944 in Valennes) - captain of the Polish Army and Polish Air Force, major of the Royal Air Force, as a hunting fighter of World War II. Eugeniusz Horbaczewski, according to official statistics, had 16.5 kills, which gave him the third position on the list of Polish hunting aces. He was awarded the Virtuti Militari IV Class Cross (posthumously, October 11, 1944) and V class (November 7, 1943), four times with the Cross of Valor, the British Distinguished Service Order (DSO, posthumously on August 17, 1945) and twice Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC with Bar). On August 18, 1944, the 315 Squadron, composed of 12 airplanes together with the commanding Horbaczewski who had caught a cold on that day, went on a task to sweep over France, attacking by surprise a group of about 60 Fw 190 fighters. In the fight Horbaczewski shot down three Fw 190, but he was lost during the return journey. Only after the war, in 1947, the wreck of the plane, with corpses of Horbaczewski, was discovered in the area of Valennes. Eugeniusz Horbaczewski was buried in the cemetery in Creil in France. I also invite you to @_history_pl
The most colorful figure among the Polish hunting aces of the Battle of Britain was undoubtedly born in 1915 in Warsaw, in the family of a Swiss citizen, Jan Zumbach. In 1936, he joined the Aviation Cadet School in Dęblin, where in 1938 he was promoted to lieutenant pilot in the group of fighter pilots. He was assigned to the 111th Fighter Squadron of the 1st Air Regiment in Warsaw. From September 7, he accompanied his mother 111 Squadron Fighter. On September 17, he flown to Romania with the RWD-13 SP-BMF. Then, by sea, he reached Marseille in France on 30 October. After the fall of France, he evacuated to Great Britain and on August 2, 1940, he was assigned to the forming Division 303, in which he fought in the hottest period of the battle for Britain. During the battle, he obtained 8 sure and one likely air victory. After finishing it he flew in 303 Squadron and as an instructor. On July 8, 1944, he became the commander of 135 RAF Fighter Wing - in this way he became the only Polish airman in the position of commander of the non-Polish wing. On January 30, 1945, due to the end of the next combat raid, he got allocation to the Staff of the RAF Group. On April 7, returning at night from a visit to a Polish unit by plane, he accidentally crossed the front line and was forced to land due to lack of fuel. As a result, he was captured in the last month of the war! After returning from captivity in May 1945, he served as staff. After the demobilization he accepted Swiss citizenship and remained in the West. He led an adventurous lifestyle. He dealt with smuggling, and later served as a mercenary in military aviation during local conflicts in Africa. Eventually he settled in Paris, where he published in French a highly colored autobiography titled Mister Brown (he used this nickname as a mercenary). It has been translated into English and later into Polish (Fri Last Battle). He died on January 3, 1986 in France. He is buried in the Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw. I also invite you to @history_pl_color
It was a huge blow to South Korean troops
North Koreans advanced quickly and their tanks faced no opposition
All South Koreans could do was to blow up bridges
However, they did so and trapped hundreds of their own soldiers as well as civilians who tried to evacuate
~German soldier with a Panzerfaust from the Panzer Division smiling to the camera, Russia, 1944~ (location unknown)
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U.S. Naval Armaments of World War II, Part 7: 20 mm/70 (0.79 in) Oerlikon Data - Caliber: 20 mm (0.79 in)
- Rate of Fire: 450 RPM
- Muzzle velocity: 835 mps (2,770 fps)
- Maximum effective range: approximately 910 m (1,000 yds)
- Maximum Range: 4,389 m (4,800 yds) - Gun Weight: 68.04 kg (150 lbs) - Total Length: 221 cm (87 in)
I had this clip from “Saving Private Ryan“ playing in my head as I read about Company A, 116th Infantry Regiment, 29th Division hitting Omaha Beach in the first wave.
The German Mg42 was responsible for killing most of company A and the Bedford boys. With a rate of fire over 1,000 rounds a minute, “it sounded like a large piece of fabric being torn close to one’s ear.” Men we’re dropping the second they appeared on the ramp. “When the ramp dropped they opened up and cut the boats to pieces.” German machine-gun teams and snipers singled out the assault craft and poured everything they had at them.
2018: Reinhard Hardegen turns 105. Born in 1913, Hardegen joined the Kriegsmarine in 1933 before transferring to the U-boat force shortly after the start of World War Two in 1939. In December 1940 he was given command of U-147 which he led on one patrol, sinking a Norwegian steamer. On 16th May 1941, Hardegen took over command of U-123 and spent the summer of 1941 in West African waters, where he sank 5 ships. His second patrol in U-123 was in the North Atlantic where the submarine almost sank British Auxiliary Cruiser HMS Aurania but only left it severely damaged. In December 1941, his U-boat was deployed to waters off the east coast of America where he briefly entered the harbour of New York City. Over the course of Operation Drumbeat, Hardegen had claimed 9 ships sunk - a total of 53,170 tons. In March 1942, Hardegen was once again deployed to the US Coast. During what would be his last patrol, Hardegen sank 10 more ships and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. During a dinner with Adolf Hitler, Hardegen criticised the way the U-boat war was being ran, much to the anger of the Führer. In March 1943, he was appointed chief of U-boat training at the torpedo school, where he oversaw torpedo development. Hardegen was made a Battalion Commander in Marine Infantry Regiment 6 in February 1945 and his unit saw heavy fighting against the British around Bremen. At the conclusion of World War Two, Hardegen was serving on the staff of Karl Dönitz in Flensburg, where he was arrested. After a year and a half as PoW, he worked as businessman before being an MP for the Christian Democrats; representing his hometown of Bremen for 32 years. In 2012 he was honoured by the modern military in Germany for his wartime service. Reinhard Hardegen is currently the last surviving U-boat Ace. #ww2#kriegsmarine#uboat#worldwar2#worldwartwo