Ardennen Offensive (아르덴느 공세)
1944년 9월 4일
영국군은 벨기에, 안트베르펜 (Belgium, Antwerpen) 지역을 해방하였지만, 보급거점으로써 사용하기 위해서는 주변의 독일군을 몰아낼 필요가 있었기 때문에 사용가능을 위한 목적을 세우지 않았다. 그 때문에 보급선이 길어져 연합군의 진격은 정지되고 전선은 교착상태가 되었다. 이 상황을 타개하기 위해 9월 17일 버나드 몽고메리 장군이 계획한 마켓가든 작전 (Operation Market Garden) 이 개시되어 라인 강 확보를 위한 전투가 시도되었으나, 이 작전은 너무나도 무모하게 진행되어 대실패로 끝났다. 전선은 다시 교착상태가 되었고, 연합군은 일시적으로 진격을 중지하고 중대한 문제가 된 보급대책의 해결에 나서기 시작했다. 또한 동부 전선에서도 소련에 의한
바그라티온 작전 (Operation Bagration) 이 폴란드 동부에서 끝나가던 시기였지만 소련군은 1944년 12월 말까지 폴란드 서부로 진격할 수 없었다
Juni 1941: Soldaten des Grenadier-Regiment 80 der 34. Infanterie-Division kurz vor dem Einmarsch in die Sowjetunion.
Die 34. Infanterie-Division wurde im April 1936 in der Falckenstein-Kaserne in Koblenz im Wehrkreis XII aufgestellt und im August 1939 als Teil der 1. Aufstellungswelle mobilgemacht. Sie bezog in der Saarpfalz Verteidigungspositionen und nahm von dort aus am Westfeldzug teil. Im Juni 1941 war sie im Verbund mit der Heeresgruppe Mitte am Einmarsch in die Sowjetunion beteiligt und in den nächsten drei Jahren fast ununterbrochen in Kampfhandlungen verwickelt. Nach schweren Verlusten im Umfeld des Tscherkassy-Kessels am Gniloi Tikitsch südlich von Schaschkiw und bei Gefechten um Uman musste die 34. ID im Mai 1944 durch die Schatten-Division Neuhammer (*) aufgefüllt werden. Im Juli 1944 wurde sie zur Armeeabteilung Zangen nach Italien verlegt, wo sie im April 1945 kapitulierte. (*) Die Infanterie-Division Neuhammer wurde am 17. April 1944 als sogenannte Schatten-Division aufgestellt. Die Aufstellung erfolgte auf dem Truppenübungsplatz Neuhammer, in Schlesien. Die Namensgebung bezog sich daher auf die Aufstellungsregion. Schatten-Divisionen waren nach dem Truppenübungsplatz (oder der Region in der sich dieser befand) benannt, auf dem sie aufgestellt wurden, danach wurden sie in reguläre bereits bestehende oder neugegründete Infanteriedivisionen eingegliedert. Am 10. Mai 1944 wurde die Infanterie-Division Neuhammer zur Auffrischung der vorher stark dezimierten 34. Infanterie-Division eingesetzt.
#Onthisday Loseb Besarionis dze Jugashvili or Joseph Stalin was born on 18 December 1878. Born in Gori, Georgia to a cobbler and a house cleaner, he grew up in the city and attended school there before moving to Tiflis "Tbilisi" to join the Tiflis Seminary. While a student at the seminary he embraced Marxism and became an avid follower of Vladimir Lenin. After being marked by Russian secret police for his activities, he became a full-time revolutionary and outlaw. He became one of the Bolsheviks' chief operatives in the Caucasus, organizing paramilitaries, spreading propaganda, raising money through bank robberies, and kidnappings and extortion. Stalin was captured and exiled to Siberia numerous times, but often escaped. He became one of Lenin's closest associates, which helped him rise to the heights of power after the Russian Revolution. After Lenin died in 1924, Stalin eventually outmaneuvered his rivals and won the power struggle for control of the Communist Party. By the late 1920s, he had become dictator of the Soviet Union. And then BLA BLA BLA... (You can put some caption) 😁. #gori#georgia#Tbilisi#Batumi#russia#sovietunion#Kutaisi#belarus#poland#kiev#Kaliningrad#Crimea#Sevastopol#smolensk#stalingard#siberia#SaintPetersburg#oblast#volgograd#leningrad#Konigsberg#germany#bojonegoro#soldier#Wehrmacht#classic#military#history#ww2
It is said that you never forget your first time. Well, the first time I ever bought a military surplus pistol, it was this one. I won’t tell you how much I paid for it because when Instagram sees a dollar sign in a caption for a firearm, they apparently conclude that you are either trying to buy, sell, or encourage some to buy a firearm. Honestly, I wish people would stop buying so many World War II era firearms so I would have a wider choice and lower prices! All of that being said, this P-38 has been with me for over twenty-five years. #wwii#worldwarii#ww2#worldwar2#military#militaryhistory#history#militarysurplus#guns#gun#gunsofinstagram#pistol#walther#waltherp38#p38#germany#deutschland#wehrmacht#thirdreich#heer#milsurp#milsurpguys .
⬇️Follow The Mil Surp Guys!⬇️
Almanların 2.dünya savaşında avrupayı kısa sürede elegeçirmesinin en önemli nedenlerinden biride çok güçlü top ve tank kuvvetlerinin olmasıydı Fakat tanklar arasında Almanca Bengal Kaplanı anlamına gelen Königstiger II. Dünya savaşının en güçlü tankıydı. Bu tankın en etkili özelliklerinden birisi Tiger I'in zırh kalanlığına ve Panther'in zırh eğimine aynı anda sahip olmasıydı. Yaklaşık 70 tonluk ağırlığına rağmen çok ataktı. Tiger II öyle bir ağır tanktı ki 2500 m den Amerikan yapımı M4 Sherman'ı imha edebiliyordu. 1200 metreden ise her düşman tankını imha edebiliyordu. Orantısız bir güce sahipti. Tankın en büyük sorunu ise yine Tiger I'deki gibi mekanika arızalardı. Alel acele üretildiğinden çok fazla test edilme imkanı olmadı ve savaş sonlarındaki hammadde eksikliğinden dolayı da kullanılan çeliğin kalitesi düştü. Tüm bunlara rağmen II. Dünya savaşının en güçlü #tank ıydı. Tiger II'den 1943 ve 1945 yılları arasında 492 adet üretildi.#germany#nazi#ww2#worldwar#worldwarsecond#worldwar2history#worldwarmemorial#worldwartwo#adolfhitler#ss#worldmap#diktatör#wehrmacht#history#historybuff#nazism#worlwarii#panzer
A rather youthful looking man, armed with a MG34 machine gun, scans the horizon for possible targets. I don’t know when this photo was taken, but I assume in the early war years.
The MG34 was the older brother of the infamous MG42. The MG34 was designed and built in 1929 and taken into service in 1934, as the name would suggest.
The MG34 introduced a revolutionary new concept, it was the first GPMG: General Purpose Machine Gun. The German army referred to it as a “Einheitsmaschinengewehr” which translates to “standardised machine gun”.
The MG34 was relatively easy to carry, had a stunning rate of fire, and was reliable and dominant on the battlefield. Just like with the MG42, changing barrels was essential in keeping the weapon fully functional. Because of this, changing the barrel was not complicated at all.
What was complicated however, was the production process of the MG34. It was expensive and it took a lot of effort to build a single MG34. The German army started to look for a cheap and easy replacement, thus it designed and introduced the MG42.
Even though the MG34 is often overshadowed by its younger brother, the MG34 is an interesting weapon which is worth looking into.
Otto Fretter-Pico (2 February 1893 – 30 July 1966) was a general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany. He surrendered to Brazilian forces in April 1945 and was kept under their custody until 1948 when he retired and went to live in Switzerland. Fretter-Pico died in 1966.
Operation Citadel - The Battle of Kursk: 1943
The German offensive, originally slated to commence in the beginning of May, was postponed several times as the German leadership reconsidered and vacillated over its prospects, as well as to bring forward more units and equipment.
At a 3 May meeting, Hitler conferred with Manstein, Kluge, Zeitzler, Guderian, Speer, Chief of Staff OKL Generaloberst Hans Jeschonnek, and Commanding General, Ninth Army Generaloberst Walter Model. There followed a discussion on the problems Model expected the Ninth Army to encounter in breaking through a "well-fortified" Soviet front and the inability of the Panzer IV tanks to stand up to the new Soviet antitank weapons. Hitler closed the meeting without giving a decision but indicated privately to Model that there would be a postponement. Manstein, Kluge, Zeitzler, Jeschonnek objected to the delay; Guderian and Speer objected to Citadel being executed at all because, even if successful, they argued, it would cause heavy tank-losses and upset plans for an increase in armor strength for the German forces. Hitler decided to let Citadel wait until June, by which time he expected to have tanks of a newer model available in quantity. On 6 May, the OKH announced that Citadel was postponed to 12 June.
* Top Left: Sturmgeschütz 111 Ausf. F of the Großdeutschland Pz.Gr.Div. 1943 * Top Right: Tiger of the 2nd company of the 505th Heavy Tank Battalion. Operation Citadel, July 1943
* Middle Left: Tiger tanks being transported by rail to the Eastern Front
* Middle Right: "Tiger" from the 9th heavy tank
company, the 3rd Panzer Regiment of the SS, the
3rd Panzergrenadier Division of the SS Totenkopf (9. (schwere) Panzer-Kompanie / SS-Pz.-Rgt. 3) under the command of SS Untersturmftihrer Walter Köhler
* Bottom Left: Wespe SPGs, "Gross deustchland" Artillery Regiment, rolling out, Kursk, July 1943
* Bottom Right: German heavy tank Pz.Kpfw. VI "Tiger" from the 503th Tank Battalion