This book is great. I don’t care if it’s what my father would call a “medieval soap opera” (which is what he affectionately calls Game of Thrones btw), I’m hooked. I haven’t even slapped on the tv today and have opted for this instead. Sometimes, when you’re feeling under the weather and it just is starting to get chilly, the best Saturday night is a pair of sweatpants and a book. I’m glamorous like that. Katherine by Anya Seton #waroftheroses#katherineswynford#literature#currentlyreading
October 13, 1453 – Birth of Edward, Prince of Wales, son of King Henry VI of England, at the Palace of Westminster
Also known as Edward of Westminster, he was the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou. At the time, there was strife between Henry's supporters and those of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, who had a claim to the throne and challenged the authority of Henry's officers of state.
His father was overthrown in 1461 by Edward of York now reign as Edward IV, the first Yorkist King. After several years in exile, his mother, Margaret of Anjou took the best opportunity that presented itself and allied herself with the renegade Earl of Warwick. Prince Edward was married to Anne Neville, Warwick's younger daughter, in December 1470, though there is some doubt as to whether the marriage was ever consummated.
Warwick returned to England and deposed Edward IV, with the help of Edward IV's younger brother, the Duke of Clarence. Edward IV fled into exile to Burgundy with his youngest brother the Duke of Gloucester, while Warwick briefly restored Henry VI to the throne.
Edward and Margaret lingered behind in France until April 1471. However, Edward IV had already raised an army, returned to England, and reconciled with Clarence. On the same day Margaret and Edward landed in England (14 April), Edward IV defeated and killed Warwick at the Battle of Barnet. With little real hope of success, the inexperienced prince and his mother led the remnant of their forces to meet Edward IV in the Battle of Tewkesbury. They were defeated and Edward was killed, making him the only heir apparent to the English throne to die in battle.
His widow, Anne Neville, married the Duke of Gloucester, who eventually succeeded as King Richard III in 1483. #englishroyals#englishroyalty#edwardofwestminster#henryvi#margaretofanjou#lancastrian#waroftheroses#royals#royalty#royaleurope
As mentioned in the show ‘The White Queen’ and ‘The White Princess’, it was said direct descendants of the House of Luxemburg were descended from Melusina, a Goddess of Water, after she was said to have married Count Siegfried. Although in the show they confirm this, historically Melusina herself more than likely never existed. However, due to this idea there were rumours that all female descendants of Melusina had magical powers and were able to take part in witchcraft, which was an offence punishable by death.
Many used this against Elizabeth Woodville and her mother, saying Elizabeth must’ve cast a spell on Edward to make him fall in love with her and that this was the real reason Edward married her so quickly.
Melusina is a French figure of mythology and is a spirit of water. She is often depicted as being like a mermaid, looking like a serpent from the waist down, sometimes even with wings.
The houses of Luxembourg, house of Plantagenet, house of Lusignan were all said to be directly descended from her in some way. The Luxembourg family claim the descent through their ancestor Siegfried who bought feudal rights to territory which became Luxembourg. As there was a local folk tale of Melusina there, his name became connected to her. It was said on the morning on their wedding that she made the castle of Luxembourg magically appear.
Once a week, as a term of their marriage, Melusina would get some privacy. Often, she’d have a bath to show the true form she had. One day, Siegfried was spying on her and found her to have been a fish like being, his surprise cry shocked Melusina and she sank into the bath which turns into rock carrying herself with it. She was said to resurface once every seven years, sometimes as a woman and other times as a serpent/mermaid. She has a glass key in her mouth and whoever takes it sets her free and they may claim her as their bride.
A new book about the War of the Roses has arrived, called “Blood Roses” and written by Kathryn Warner. Shall we find out how good is this? • Pictures: War of the Roses (google) • Link: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Blood-Roses-Houses-Lancaster-before/dp/0750985542/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8
Richard, despite his re-entry to government and politics, was still displeased. His political rival, Edmund Beaufort(the Duke of Somerset) remained by the King's side. With the imminent failure in France and the 100 year's war coming to a French victory, blame was pinned on Somerset. Seizing his opportunity, York led an armed uprising at Dartford in 1452. Here he met the king to discuss Somerset's fate. Despite realising he had 0 of the nobility's favour, York and the king agreed to have Somerset arrested! Sadly, upon coming back to the Lancastrian camp Margaret had already convinced Henry VI to release Somerset. Richard was pardoned for the insurrection and was taken back to London where he protested his loyalty to the king.
But soon Richard will take the command of England... all before it kicks off! Stay Tuned!
Though the wars of the roses officially started in 1455, the war has deep roots back to 1450. In the 1450 the people of Kent rose up against the King's men. Claiming his 'corrupt nobles' were going to destroy the county. Jack Cade, the rebellions namesake, lead the rebellion. Upon reaching and breaching London, a battle was fought on London Bridge before Cade was captured and executed. Questions as to who Cade was or represented was put into question, afterall he executed many 'corrupt nobles'. The Duke of York (the King's relative) was put under fire due to his mother's maiden name, Cade. A few weeks after the incident he came to England, from his post in Ireland (he was given this as a form of exile by the king and his corrupt clique). Upon arriving he protested his innocence and to be allowed back to court with a list of grievances. Though some were met he didn't get much in the way of his goal. As for now he was quelled but the Duke will return in 1452 to stir trouble once again...
Anne de Mowbray, Duchess of York (1472 - 1481)
Was the child bride of Richard, Duke of York (second son of Edward IV England). The pair where married in Westminster Palace when Anne was 5 and her bridegroom was 4, this was exceptionally early even for this time period when 12 was considered normal marital age for women. Edward was keen to bring her vast wealth and estates into the royal family and didn’t want to risk her dying prematurely before marriage. Anne died at the age of 8 the last in the direct line of Mowbray’s and her husband inherited all her wealth. Two years later her husband mysteriously disappeared with his elder brother, after the accession of their uncle King Richard III and today is known as one of the Princes in the Tower. #cityofladies#womenshistory#waroftheroses
A clergyman is said to have informed Richard that Edward IV's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville was invalid because of Edward's earlier union with Eleanor Butler, making Edward V and his siblings illegitimate.
On June 22, a sermon was preached outside Old St. Paul's Cathedral declaring Edward IV's children bastards and Richard the rightful king. Shortly after, the citizens of London, both nobles and commons, convened and drew up a petition asking Richard to assume the throne. He accepted on June 26, and was crowned at Westminster Abbey on July 6. His title to the throne was confirmed by Parliament in January 1484 by the document Titulus Regius.
After the coronation ceremony, Richard and Anne Neville set out on a royal progress to meet their subjects. During this journey through the country, the king and queen endowed King's College and Queens' College at Cambridge University and made grants to the church. Still feeling a strong bond with his northern estates, Richard later planned the establishment of a large chantry chapel in York Minster with over 100 priests. Richard also founded the College of Arms.
The princes, who were still lodged in the royal residence of the Tower of London at the time of Richard's coronation, disappeared from sight after the summer of 1483. Although after his death Richard III was accused of having Edward and his brother killed, notably by Thomas More and in Shakespeare's play, the facts surrounding their disappearance remain unknown. Other culprits have been suggested, including Buckingham and even Henry VII, although Richard remains a suspect.
I personally highly doubt Richard, Henry VII, or Margaret Beaufort has anything to do with the princes. There is no evidence whatsoever that connects any of them to the “crime.” Other theories suggest that one boy might have died of an illness, and the other escaped, and/or both died of an illness. I feel like this is more likely. If they were killed, it might have been by someone acting on either Richard and Henry’s cause; I truly believe if they were killed, neither Henry or Richard ordered it or had any knowledge of it.
Continued in comments⬇️
On yesterday’s date, October 2, 1452, the future King Richard III, the last Plantagenet king, was born at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire.
Richard was the youngest surviving child of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville.
Richard was actually the twelfth of thirteen children, but the youngest to survive to adulthood. His father was the most prominent duke in England, of royal descent, and the most powerful nobleman of his day. His mother came from the most prolific, most politically prominent, and best married of contemporary noble houses. Although he was high up in society, nothing was thought much of him as he had three older brothers who had come of age.
At the time of his birth, the “War of the Roses,” a period of "three or four decades of political instability and periodic open civil war in the second half of the fifteenth century", between supporters of Richard's father, The Yorkist, in opposition to the regime of Henry VI and his wife, Margaret of Anjou, and those loyal to the crown, “Lancastrians”, had begun.
When his father and elder brother Edmund, Earl of Rutland, were killed at the Battle of Wakefield on December 30, 1460, Richard, who was eight years old, and his brother George were sent by his mother, the Duchess of York, to the Low Countries. They returned to England following the defeat of the Lancastrians at the Battle of Towton and participated in the coronation of Richard's eldest brother as King Edward IV in June 1461. At this time Richard was named Duke of Gloucester and made a Knight of the Garter and Knight of the Bath.
From an early age, Richard was involved in the politics of the War of the Roses. Following a decisive Yorkist victory over the Lancastrians at the Battle of Tewkesbury, Richard married Anne Neville, the younger daughter of the Earl of Warwick, on July 12, 1472.
On the death of Richard’s brother, Edward IV on April 9, 1483, Edward’s twelve-year-old son, Edward V, succeeded him.
Richard was then named Lord Protector of the Realm.
Continued on next post...—>
On This Day in 1452: Richard III was born! When his brother became Edward IV, Richard was made the Duke of Gloucester. In 1472 Richard married Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick. After his brother's death, Richard was named the Lord Protector until the young King Edward V came of age. However, both Edward V and his brother were killed in the Tower of London, and Richard III is one of the main suspects for this as it allowed him to take the throne, but other suspects include the Duke of Buckingham and even the future Henry VII.
There are very divided opinions on Richard. Much of the popular perception of Richard III comes from the play written by Shakespeare, where he is depicted as hunchbacked and cruel. This play was adapted by the BBC as part of their Hollow Crown series, and starred Benedict Cumberbatch. Some of the show was filmed in the Great Hall in Winchester, which houses a replica of the round table! 👑 ~ #richardiii#onthisday#otd#monarchy#shakespeare#perioddrama#perioddramas#history#benedictcumberbatch#waroftheroses#thewhitequeen#anneneville#thehollowcrown#hollowcrown#winchester [no copyright infringement intended]
October 2, 1452 – Birth of King Richard III of England at Fotheringay Castle in Northamptonshire, England
Richard is the twelfth of thirteen children of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville; younger brother of Edward IV. He was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485, at the age of 32, in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England. Richard was struck down in the conflict, making him the last English king to die in battle.
After the battle, Richard's corpse was taken to Leicester and buried without pomp. His original tomb monument is believed to have been removed during the English Reformation, and his remains were lost for more than five centuries, believed to have been thrown into the River Soar. In 2012, an archaeological excavation was commissioned by the Richard III Society on a city council car park on the site once occupied by Greyfriars Priory Church. The University of Leicester identified the skeleton found in the excavation as that of Richard III as a result of radiocarbon dating, comparison with contemporary reports of his appearance, and comparison of his mitochondrial DNA with that of two matrilineal descendants of Richard III's eldest sister, Anne of York. Richard's remains were reburied in Leicester Cathedral on 26 March 2015.
Richard is historically held accountable for the disappearances and possible murders of his nephews, Edward V and Richard, Duke of York but there's no evidence to support it.
Plucking the Red and White Roses in the Old Temple Gardens ~ Henry Payne ~ 1910 ~ fresco.
This painting made by Birmingham born Henry Payne, depicts the fictional scene by Shakespeare, of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset being challenged by Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York to choose between the White Rose of York and the Red Rose of Lancaster. Absolutely love this painting, it was commissioned to decorate the palace of Westminster in London.