Kuil Hatshepsut terletak di bawah tebing di Deir el-Bahri, di tepi barat sungai Nil di dekat Lembah Para Raja. Kuil ini berdiri di atas lantai dalam 3 teras bertiang yang dihubungkan melalui ramp yang melandai. Terdapat sekitar 200 patung Ratu Hatshepsut dalam berbagai perwujudan. Pada teras terendah Firaun wanita ini digambarkan sedang berdiri, duduk atau dalam bentuk mumi.
Hatshepsut -yang berarti bangsawan wanita paling terkemuka di Mesir- adalah nama seorang wanita yang berkuasa pada zaman Mesir Kuno. Dia adalah kaisar Firaun ke-5 dari dinasti Firaun ke-18, satu-satunya ratu yang diberi gelar Firaun karena menggantikan suaminya (yang sekaligus kakak tirinya) Thutmoses ll yang meninggal karena tenggelam di laut Merah. Konon, ratu Hatshepsut ini lah yang menemukan Musa sewaktu dihanyutkan di sungai Nil, dan memeliharanya hingga dewasa.
Pada masa pemerintahan Ratu Hatshepsut sekitar tahun 1479-1458 SM Mesir kuno mengalami masa kejayaan, kemakmuran dan perdamaian, sehingga sang Ratu dianggap sebagai Firaun yang paling berhasil meskipun dia wanita. Firaun wanita ini seringkali berpakaian menyerupai laki-laki, sehingga patung-patungnya pun digambarkan dia berjanggut.
Menurut catatan sejarah, Ratu Hatshepsut meninggal secara misterius pada usia 50 tahun, bahkan muminya pun hilang dan baru ditemukan pada tahun 1923. Banyak teori menyebutkan bahwa Thutmoses lll yang tidak lain adalah anak tirinya yang telah melakukan kudeta karena dendam terhadap ibu tirinya tersebut. Terbukti dari upaya Thutmoses lll yang menghancurkan banyak bangunan peninggalan masa Ratu Hatshepsut, dan menghapus relief-relief yang menyebutkan nama Hatshepsut.
Mempelajari sejarah Mesir Kuno ternyata sangat mengasyikkan.. 😊😊
In the year 730 B.C., a man by the name of Piye decided the only way to save Egypt from itself was to invade it. Things would get bloody before the salvation came. “Harness the best steeds of your stable,” he ordered his commanders. The magnificent civilization that had built the great pyramids had lost its way, torn apart by petty warlords. For two decades Piye had ruled over his own kingdom in Nubia, a swath of Africa located mostly in present-day Sudan. But he considered himself the true ruler of Egypt as well, the rightful heir to the spiritual traditions practiced by pharaohs such as Ramses II and Thutmose III.
North on the Nile River his soldiers sailed. At Thebes, the capital of Upper Egypt, they disembarked. By the end of a yearlong campaign, every leader in Egypt had capitulated—including the powerful delta warlord Tefnakht, who sent a messenger to tell Piye, “Be gracious! I cannot see your face in the days of shame; I cannot stand before your flame, I dread your grandeur.” In exchange for their lives, the vanquished urged Piye to worship at their temples, pocket their finest jewels, and claim their best horses. He obliged them. And then, with his vassals trembling before him, the newly anointed Lord of the Two Lands did something extraordinary: He loaded up his army and his war booty, and sailed southward to his home in Nubia, never to return to Egypt again.
Piye was the first of the so-called black pharaohs—a series of Nubian kings who ruled over all of Egypt for three-quarters of a century as that country’s 25th dynasty. The black pharaohs reunified a tattered Egypt and filled its landscape with glorious monuments, creating an empire that stretched from the southern border at present-day Khartoum all the way north to the Mediterranean Sea. They stood up to the bloodthirsty Assyrians, perhaps saving Jerusalem in the process. National Geographic (2008). #nubia#nubian#pharaoh#egyptian#egypt#ancientegypt#assyrians#kush#meroe#napata#archeology#taharqa#thutmoses#tutankhamun#isis#amun#osiris#ancientgreek#atlantis#atlantean#valleyofthekings#royalblood#royalty#akhenaten#historic#ancient#ancienthistory#sudangram#الفراعنه#zoetropic
STATUES OF BABY MOSES (SENMUT, MOSES EGYPTIAN NAME)
#Baby#Moses or #Senmut , Moses or #Thutmoses 2 as an adult , with serpent on forehead meaning Crown Prince, Caves in Saudi Arabia near modern Al Bad called "Caves of Moses" by the local villagers. Moses was to bring the people back to this area in Saudi Arabia or Midian.
WHO WAS PHARAOH'S DAUGHTER?
The next question that must be addressed is whether there existed in the 18th dynasty, a pharaoh without a royal son to pass the throne to, and whether that pharaoh had a royal daughter of note. The answer is a most resounding "yes"! Not only did "#Thutmoses I/#Amenhotep I" not have a royal son who lived, he had a daughter who is the most well-known and well-documented female personage of all ancient Egyptian history, next to Cleopatra. Her names were #Nefure and #Hatshepsut . She was referred to as "Nefure" when we first learn of her in the inscriptions. At that time, she is a royal princess- her father was co-regent for the emperor, "pharaoh Ahmosis". She is referred to in the ancient records by this name, Nefure, until a point in time when she becomes known as the "royal queen"
Also, we want to explain that when Moses was born, the emperor of all Egypt was #Ahmosis who lived in Thebes. In Memphis, Thutmoses 1 was co-regent, and also called "pharaoh". The word "pharaoh" comes from the Egyptian word "pero" which simply means "big house". This "#pharaoh ", whose #daughter#rescued baby #Moses , didn't become emperor of all of Egypt until Moses was about 12 years old.