Photo by @matildegattoni for @everydayclimatechange ~ Cambodia - Kampong Speu Province - A mother carrying her malnourished child live in a camp for sugar plantation workers nearby the Phnom Penh Sugar Company factory, in the Amliang commune. Most of them have seen their land grabbed by the same company they are working for. Massive deforestation for economic development threatens Cambodia’s forests and ecosystems. The country has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, third only to Nigeria and Vietnam. #landgrabbing#cambodia#deforestation#sugarplantation#climatechange#climatechangeisreal#asia
The Origin of Sugar in the US – Episode 1120
PODCAST SHOW NOTES:
Episode 1120 – Vinnie and Andy talk Tallulah Bankhead stories, the origin of sugar in the US, and Vinnie’s kayak trip on this Wednesday episode.
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ORIGIN OF SUGAR:
Tallulah, Louisiana was home to a lot of sugar
Vinnie’s conspiracy theory: the Confederacy lost because their soldiers were hopped up on sugar
Louisiana makes TONS of sugar
Hawaii does, too
US Sugar Cane Production by State:
#1 – Florida
#2 – Lousiana
#3 – Hawaii (distant 3rd)
#4 – Texas
Sugar grows in swampy, wet areas
Louisiana also grows lots of crawfish, and they’re DELICIOUS
VINNIE’S KAYAK TRIP
Vinnie has had to postpone his major trip because his shoulder is taking longer to come around
Stellar Kayaks has been incredibly generous in providing kayaks
Vinnie WILL make this happen because he wants it so badly
Just a matter of “when?”
The land of white gold
Sugarcane was one of the most profitable crops to raise in the US in the first half of the nineteenth century. To be lucrative though, sugarcane required a lot of land and labor. When Jacques Roman purchased Oak Alley plantation in 1836, it came with 57 residents—field slaves. Within the first year he raised that number to 106 and began his work here on the Mississippi.
Though processing sugarcane was straightforward, the implications on the health of the enslaved were not. Heat, intensive labor, and boiling sugar were dangers to take into account, in addition to unsanitary conditions, malnutrition, and abuse. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
By 1850, 600 acres of the plantation were maintained for sugarcane, and up to 80 field slaves were tasked with planting, tending, and harvesting the crop yearly. They planted sugarcane January–February, weeded the crops March–July, and harvested October–December. During the “grinding”, as harvesting sugarcane was called, slaves would work in rotating shifts of as much as 18 hours a day, cutting down and grinding the cane to be packaged in barrels for transport to New Orleans.
Apart from the fields, other slaves worked as craftsmen or as house slaves. The slave quarters consisted of 20 doubles (single houses split into two rooms). In the 30 years this plantation operated, over 220 men, women, and children were enslaved.