Linguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languages
Editors: Gabriele Diewald & Elena Smirnova
Walter de Gruyter, 371 pages
This book presents a selection of contributions to the workshop "Linguistic realization of #evidentiality in European languages", held at the 30th Annual Convention of the German Society of Linguistics in Bamberg (February 27-29, 2008), and additional papers, which have been especially commissioned for this volume. Its main focus lies on providing further empirical evidence about languages that have various - lexical as well as grammatical - evidential expressions.
The papers in this volume will offer a cross-linguistic perspective on this topic as they deal with a number of different language families and languages: Romance languages (French, Spanish, Italian), Germanic languages (Dutch, German, English, Icelandic), Baltic and Slavic languages, Greek, Basque, and Turkish.
WH bingo is an absolute favourite of mine! 🙋🏼♀️ It’s a great way to help support comprehension with visuals ⭐️⭐️⭐️. Kids also love putting the counters on the board. Another job well done @superduperpub 🙌🏼
Every business around the world is focusing on customizing their brand according to the consumer. They want to get connected with people at a personal level, this is where blog is very helpful. A product cannot have multiple personalities but a blog can have all the different shades you desire i.e. why almost every brand creates a blog so that they can connect with their respective customer base. #Blog#email#semantics#Tweetingbirds http://bit.ly/2NzJbwJ
More Grass....:) ..all the paintings are grey....it reminds me of the way I watched nature on a black and white television....A sunny blue sky has a specific quality in black and white .So has green leafs and grass...it’s almost like seeing two things at the same time : the grey and the colour...but the colour being projected internally.....Some Anthropologists have the theory that we only see a colour because we have a name for it, taking into account the absence of mentioning of any colour in early literature like Ulysses by Homer.... #paintings#malerei#markusvater#semantics#colour#contemporarypainting#contemporaryart#wiese#grass#nature#blackandwhite #
Tuesday. DL 655 x 1. I’ve been speechless over the past 2 weeks because of a situation that has made a major grateful impact to my life which I’m still having to process as I write this. I mention this because the situation has put me deeper in touch with our soul manifestation. Training has always been an essence of mind, body, and spirit within my approach which has led me to much research and application of 2 philosophy’s and 1 science. Buddhism, Bushido, and Quantum Physics. The Deadlift has became an immeasurable tool which continues to enlightened me in these realms while just living LIFE. The only goal I have is to experience harmony while also teaching my family, friends, and clients to find the same thing in anything they do because I’ve discovered it through this. What you’ll come to realize is that everything is an intangible form of energy with its purpose to oscillate, resonate, and HARMONIZE THE COMPASSION OF SPIRIT so just FLOW and don’t fight it. I don’t know any other way to explain what I’ve just explained by still being patient, while allowing actions to speak and encouraging you to be about your INTENTION of your own WILL to LIVE, LOVE, and SHARE with those who are still lost in the dark (LIVE with NO HATE!!!). This is deeper then training and like I will always say, you can continue to answer life’s questions with patience towards such an incredible tool of calligraphy to work and discover the essence of your BEING which keeps you active and healthy. What’s unique and strange about all of this moment and life’s changes 20 years from now. Where are you at to embrace life’s instantaneous change in MOMENT. LIFE IS FULLEST no matter the hand dealt! DeMel Tarver 🔹Noise and Transitions🔹
The sky is obviously objectively #blue right? Wrong.
The anthropology of colour really makes you reconsider human perception. The Ancient Greeks (Homer, specifically for example) called the sky ‘bronze’ and used the term ‘chloros’ (our translation of which meaning ‘green’) to describe both the colour of honey and a nightingale.
Many ethnographic case studies back up the idea that ‘yellow’ or ‘red’ for example, is perceived completely differently by cultures around the world, who might not refer to the traditional chromatic palette, but instead to texture, state of decay, age, or relation towards other objects.
Great text to read as introduction to #anthropology of #colour is Berlin and Kay ‘Basic Colour Terms: Their Universality and Evolution’ (1969), and for more modern interpretations, take a peek at authors such as Anna Wierzbicka’s ‘Semantics of Colour’ (2006)
Do we see? Or do we render?
The Thalamus not only relays visual signals from the eye to the visual cortex as previously thought, but also conveys additional, contextual information. Integrating these different signals is essential to understand and interpret what we see in the world around us. Prof. Sonja Hofer and her research team at the Biozentrum, University Basel, investigate how the brain processes visual stimuli and how contextual information shapes our visual perception.
Between Grammar and Lexicon
Editors: Ellen Contini-Morava & Yishai Tobin
John Benjamins Publishing, 365 pages
This volume has its origins in a theme session entitled: Lexical and Grammatical Classification: Same or Different? from the Fifth International Cognitive Linguistics Conference. It includes theme session presentations, additional papers from that conference, and several invited contributions. All the articles explore the relationship between lexical and grammatical categories, both illustrating the close interaction, as well as questioning the strict dichotomy, between them. This volume promotes a holistic view of classification reflecting functional, cognitive, communication, and sign-oriented approaches to language which have been applied to both the grammar and the lexicon.
The volume is divided into two parts. Part I, Number and Gender Systems Across Languages, is further subdivided into three sections: (1) Noun Classification; (2) Number Systems; and (3) Gender Systems. Part II, Verb Systems and Parts of Speech Across Languages, is divided into two sections: (1) Tense and Aspect and (2) Parts of Speech. The analyses represent a diverse range of languages and language families: Bantu (Swahili), Guaykuruan (Pilagá), Indo-European (English, Russian, Polish, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Spanish) and Semitic (Hebrew). #linguistics#grammar#lexicon#cognitive_linguistics#functional_linguistics#semantics#parsa_bamshadi#bamshadi#زبانشناسی#زبان_شناسی#دستورزبان#واژگان#زبانشناسی_شناختی#زبانشناسی_نقشگرا#معناشناسی#پارسا_بامشادی#بامشادی
Covert Modality in Non-finite Contexts
Walter de Gruyter, 204 pages
This book investigates the distribution and interpretation of Covert #Modality . Covert Modality is modality which we interpret but which is not associated with any lexical item in the structure that we are interpreting. This dissertation investigates a class of environments that involves covert modality. Examples of covert modality include wh-infinitival complements, infinitival relative clauses, purpose clauses, the 'have to' construction, and the 'is to' construction (cf. 1):
1a. Tim knows [how to solve the problem]. ("Tim knows how one/he could/should solve the problem.")
1b. Jane found [a book to draw cartoons in] for Sara. ("Jane found a book for Sara one could/shoulddraw cartoons in.")
1c. [The man to fix the sink] is here. ("The man whose purpose is to fix the sink is here.")
1d. Sue went to Torino [to buy a violin]. ("Sue went to Torino so that she could buy a violin.")
1e. Bill has to reach Philadelphia before noon. ("Bill must reach Philadelphia before noon.")
1f. Will is to leave tomorrow. ("Will is scheduled/supposed to leave tomorrow.")
The interpretation of (1a-f) involves modality; however, there is no lexical item that seems to be the source of the modality. What (1a-f) have in common is that they involve infinitivals. This book addresses the following questions about covert modality: what is the source of this modality, what are its semantic properties, why are some but not all infinitival relatives modal, and why are all infinitival questions modal? The infinitival [+wh] Complementizer is identified as the source of the covert modality. The apparent variability of the force of this modality is related to the particular semantics of this Complementizer. Infinitival relatives that receive a non-modal interpretation are analyzed as being reduced relatives and thus not involving the infinitival [+wh] Complementizer.