Eugene Jacques Bullard was born in Columbus, GA in 1895. As a teenager, Bullard stowed away in a ship headed to Europe in hopes of escaping the rampant racial discrimination and violence prevalent in the US. Bullard settled in Paris, where he boxed for a living. When WWI erupted, Bullard volunteered with the French Foreign Legion, serving as a machine gunner in several key early battles and was severely wounded at Verdun in March 1915. After recovering, Bullard volunteered for the French Air Service, becoming a pilot in May 1917. Bullard’s unit flew Spads and Nieuport aircraft bearing a stork on the fuselage. Bullard flew more than 20 combat missions and has two probable air victories. He was know as the Black Swallow of Death. When the US entered the war the majority of American pilots flying with the French were converted to the US Army Air Service. Bullard was not accepted because he was black. Bullard served with the French until October 24, 1919. Bullard earned the Croix de guerre, military medal, and wounded service award, amongst others. Following the war, Bullard stayed in France. When WWII broke out, Bullard again volunteered for service, fighting in defense of France as the Germans fought for control of the country. Bullard escaped to Spain and on to the US after France fell. In 1949, having settled in the Bronx, Bullard was savagely bested by police during the Peekskill riots, started in opposition to a performance by Paul Robeson, a civil rights leader and alleged communist sympathizer. #blackhistory#historyforthewin#equality#inequality#worldwari#worldwarone#ww1#military#militaryhistory#aviationhistory#segregation#knowtheirnames#historynerd#historygeek#racism#aviation#aero#pilot#aviator#aviation
“To all the volunteers who braved the cold to decorate King Drive this weekend, you have the homeowners’ gratitude. You have the communities’ gratitude. You have my gratitude. Your desire to help shape a more interconnected Chicago made sure residents in Chatham and Washington Park could brightly and proudly welcome the holidays. Next stop, West Chesterfield. Join us one more time this Saturday, the 15th of December.” #mlklights
SPRÁVA Z MESTA SMRTI
Nedávno uplynulo štrnásť rokov, odkedy časopis Rolling Stone zaradil skladbu „The Message“ medzi najlepšie piesne všetkých čias. Hoci ide o notorický hit, pozadie jeho vzniku je menej známe.
Skladbu v roku 1982 vydalo zoskupenie Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. Hip-hop bol ešte okrajovým žánrom, ktorý dobre poznali najmä chudobné černošské decká z Bronxu. Bieli tínedžeri sa v tom čase bavili v centre mesta na koncertoch punkových kapiel. Pre mládež z Bronxu bol hip-hop, popri graffiti a breakdance, vítaným zdrojom zábavy a oddychu. Skladby boli o pekných ženách, piatkových žúroch, kamošoch a tancovaní. Prvý mainstreamový hit „Rapper's Delight“ od Sugarhill Gang z roku 1979 sa začína slovami „I said a hip hop, hippie to the hippie, the hip, hip a hop, and you don't stop a rock it“ a naspievala ho trojica veselých chlapcov v oblečení ako z nedeľnej školy. ————————————————————————- Viac si prečítaš po kliknutí na odkaz v profile 📖
Today I completed the 5 peak challenge. This short hike was by far the hardest. I literally thought I was gonna die 😂😂😂 my heart was beating so fast y’all.. I thought I was gonna have to get medically evacuated 😂😂 but I made it!! After days of harassment, my brothers in arms finally decided to join me and I appreciate the support! And our lunch was just what I needed to help with my depression ❤️❤️❤️ looking forward to the next hike my boys!!
In a world where segregation is slowly but surely being replaced with inclusivity , there is still a dark corner in society where it remains and commonly rears its ugly head at this festive time of year. I am of course refering to the divide between those that dine at the big table with access to alcohol & those that are plonked on the emergency table in the corner of the room with plastic cutlery, non spill cups & minitature versions of the meals being devoured 5ft away from them by 'those big people who set all the rules'. Does everyone know where their emergency table & chairs is this Christmas? At least they got a table cloth - Looks like private fine dining to me, we just won't mention the landfill that was under their feet when they'd finished. #breakoutthremergencytable#segregation#christmasdryrun#howsitgoingdownthere#twins#landfillflooring#fatherofdaughters#dadlife#instadad#fod
This is something I’m learning and wanna thank @raspy_rawls for always discussing. We’d need to come together, create our own jurisdiction, buy our own lands (whether it be buying the block n putting them in trust) then we teach agriculture, how to make clothing, our own clothing materials, schools, hospitals, clinics.... I know my answer is vague but like I said, I’m still learning because I’m a firm believer that if we want to live happily and safe, we need #separation#segregation from all outsiders ✊🏽✊🏽 #Repost from @raspy_rawls .
Let’s Talk Separation.. In Real Time.. How does it look.. Wat does it look like.. Comment Below
Vintage Ad from 1967 📰 #repost via @misschelseamonet Miss Kitty Martell ,the grandmother of my friend and bandmate @xiagemshow , was by far one of the greatest & most underrated jazz pianist to come out of Central Ave during the famed Jazz days of the 40s and post WWII 50s . City sanctioned #Segregation later illegal #Redlining made it so South Central was the ONLY place black folks could live and open business (( funny how gentrifying folks think it is ok to now return and displace those same people 🤔)) . Miss Martell had her own #jazz club and boutique all hand-sewn and designed by her next door !! Dec 19th come to @EASTSIDEluv to listen to some rare cuts from her own record label that was based out of South Central ‘Tel Mar Records’ & reflect on her life times and legacy . Hosted by @ojosdehojas And @xiagemshow .. ✨A NIGHT TO REMEMBER ✨... Doors open at 9PM Cover is $5 . Dead stock records from #TelMarRecords will be on sale as well as custom art from her daughter @angellesupastar . Let’s remember HERSTORY... #KittyMartell#SouthCentral#Jazzpiano#livemusic#anighttoremember#EarthArrow#gentrificationcreateshomelessness#LA#endhomelessness
Today marks the 31st anniversary of the First Intifada which lasted from December 9th, 1987 to September, 1993. It began in the Jabalia refugee camp in Gaza when an Israeli army truck drove into a passenger car, killing four Palestinians. Protests spread to the West Bank & became an uprising against the occupation in which women played a leading role. Palestinians were met with overwhelming Israeli military force but for nearly six years the movement employed unarmed tactics like general strikes, protests, boycotting Israeli products, refusing to work in the Israeli settlements, burning of ID cards. . Israel used live ammunition on protesters & even then was condemned for targeting children. At least 30,000 children were medically treated for injuries from beatings by Israeli forces. Ten thousand of the children were estimated to be under 10 years of age. At least 1,409 Palestinians were killed & 120,000 arrested. Thousands sustained injuries, house demolitions, crop destructions, & deportation. . The explosive emergence of Intifada marked a major political shift to collective political resistance against the occupation, apartheid, ethnic cleansing after a long ebb in the struggle. . This very poignant photo of a Palestinian man in Gaza shows that the long struggle for freedom takes a toll, mostly in grief from loss & fighting alone against overwhelming odds.
Send this to someone that doesn't know and share this to spread awareness👉🗞📰
🍃Un GRAND roman! 🌱Sans pathos, Toni Morrison nous plonge dans l'Amérique ségrégationniste des années 50 : c'est dur, violent, réaliste! 🌱Mais Home est tellement plus que ça ... il ne s'agit pas seulement de la condition des Noirs aux Etats-Unis, des traumatismes de la guerre, de l'émancipation des femmes... Home nous interroge sur notre Humanité. 🌱Un magnifique roman, un roman lumineux sur la résilience! 🌱Toni Morrison est une très grande dame de la littérature : au-delà des thématiques abordées, son approche stylistique est merveilleuse,si Beloved m'avait quelque peu décontenancée, Home m'a fascinée et conquise! 🌱Ce court roman, et c'est sans doute ce qui m'impressionne le plus, sera sans doute mon coup de coeur de l'année 💕
J'ai juste 6 ans de retard :) mais si vous avez la chance de ne pas l'avoir encore lu, je vous le recommande vivement ;) #tonimorrison#home#editions1018#marcowen#americanliterature#litteratureamericaine#segregation#coreanwar#resilience#prixnobeldelitterature#nobelprizeliterature#bookstagram#instalivre#instabook#booklover
Looking forward to seeing y’all at 1 pm today. We’re gonna be hanging holiday lights on King Drive. People from all over the City coming together to interact with each other on a human level. I believe Dr. King would be proud of us. Let’s show the world what a truly interconnected City looks like. We’ll be meeting 1pm at Nat King Cole Park located at 85th and King Dr. #mlklights https://bit.ly/2DNbXoc
These two will definitely be in the top of my 2018 reads! A Tangled Mercy goes between 1800’s and present day Charleston and deals with racism in both eras. No One Ever Asked also deals with racism among other issues. Both were excellent reads I recommend. They are thought provoking and run you through a gamut of emotions. #dkereads2018#bookstagram#read#bookclub#racialjustice#segregation#bussing#library
Last Saturday was a doozy😓 But, who doesn't make time for Joy explosions🙄? So, here goes: Northside Storytime📚📖📗, compliments of #TheatreY , Off to Yoga with the Young'uns on the Chicago's Southside brought to you by a South Merrill Community Garden and The Neighborship Network initiative then Northside Lincoln Park Library Book Club to discuss the rich text of, Theatre Y's first English debuting of #MALAGA , print out 6th grade Science project, off to Home Depot for Magnet materials. Somewhere in between we ate at Mariano's. I'm almost certain one of the kids or I had a meltdown in the library. Probably both.
Some other things happened but, for sure it's lost in the ether. And may rise up in a PTSD moment.
The beginning... Make it great😏
The Color of #LAW : A forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated #America .. In this groundbreaking history of the modern American metropolis, Richard Rothstein, a leading authority on housing policy, explodes the myth that America’s cities came to be racially divided through de facto segregation―that is, through individual prejudices, income differences, or the actions of private institutions like banks and real estate agencies. Rather, The Color of Law incontrovertibly makes clear that it was de jure segregation―the laws and policy decisions passed by local, #state , and #federal governments―that actually promoted the discriminatory patterns that continue to this day (2018). Through extraordinary revelations and extensive research that Ta-Nehisi Coates has lauded as "brilliant" (The Atlantic), Rothstein comes to chronicle nothing less than an untold story that begins in the 1920s, showing how this process of de jure segregation began with explicit racial zoning, as millions of African Americans moved in a great historical migration from the south to the north. -------------------------------------------------------------------- ➡ CHECK OUT MY WEBSITE FOR MOOR BOOKS AND HATS www.DTR360BOOKS.com LINK IS IN MY BIO ⬅ -- #SupportBlackBusiness#Freedom#Justice#Equality#SelfLove#SelfMastery#NYCHA#NYCHousing#Zoning#NoI#FOI#DTR360BOOKS#Ghetto#SocialScience#PoliticalScience#PoliTricks#BlackHistory365#BlackHistoryYear#Segregation#TheColorOfLaw
Repost from @embracingblackculture
You guys I was just reading about this. So this started happening after Brown V Board of Education. At first black schools were just asking for equal access to money and facilities ( From No School to Separate Schools to Desegregated Schools). They were trying to use the separate but equal law to gain more for black schools. But the NAACP stepped in, and said they could use this to end segregation because segregation of schools, meant segregation in the workplace. Right, so they go to court and segregation is outlawed. Then they try to mix black schools and white schools by bussing black children to white schools and bussing white children to black schools. Cool, white people hated this, so white flight happened (Residential Segregation and "White Flight") this is where white people moved to suburban homes and closed of their neighborhoods so they wouldn't have to go to school with black people. The loss of segregated schools meant, thousands of black school teachers and administrators lost their jobs. Students lost supportive faculty that only wanted them to succeed. (Paradise Lost? By Monica A. White). It's sad cause schools are still segregated today and the predominantly black highschools are under funded and understaffed. W.E.B Du Bois said " Does the Negro Need Separate Schools?. What the negro needed was neither segregated schools nor mixed schools; rather, What he needs is Education"
How many black children are getting a decent education? With a chance to succeed and peruse higher education?
Inspired by the final line of chapter 1 of The Handmaid’s Tale... June ..
I lie lonely playing with the single
Syllable of my name and it plays
On my tongue like an
Whispers rush through the sheets
As I sway my head from side
To side and listen with soft
Ears for the sound of something
Without a name. What is it?
It might be hope but it feels
Weaker than that. A promise,
Perhaps, of something we all
Know but cannot feel.
Is it sorority? Solidity? A sense
That I am not
It’s a sense that I am single.
June, I dare. Will they
Reciprocate? Share their
Soul with me? Their identity?
I hold my breath, alone
In my sedition. Wait...
Wait. Jane. The name,
So quietly spoken, alarms me
Makes me shudder beneath the sheets.
Comfort seeps through my veins
As I welcome the Goddess of marriage
Into my circle. My family has begun.
Alma... the soft consonants barely
Audible in the hollow hall
Wrap round me - an invisible cocoon
Nurturing my soul that had hidden
Beneath my heart.
Mary. Oh Mary, how contrary
Joining this female road of righteousness.
We grow more stable with your
And here my burning
Hope dies down, dampened by
The tears of grief her name holds.
What was I thinking?
It is only a name. ..
Via Spertus Institute for Jewish Learning and Leadership:
"In conjunction w/the exhibition 'Todros Geller: Strange Worlds,' hear historian #DeborahDashMoore and #MaudlyneIhejirika , @chicagosuntimes Urban Affairs Columnist and Author of #Escape From Nigeria: A Memoir of Faith, Love and War, discuss issues of #segregation and #immigration inspired by the subjects in Geller's work and the social activism in his life." #THURSDAY#DEC13 6–7:30PM @spertusinst, 610 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago
https://bit.ly/2zLmtK4 (Link in bio)
Segregation and Immigration in Chicago Art:
Looking forward to seeing y’all tomorrow. People from all over the City coming together to interact with each other on a human level. I believe Dr. King would be proud of us. Let’s show the world what a truly interconnected City looks like. We’ll be meeting 1pm at Nat King Cole Park located at 85th and King Dr. #mlklights
A couple of years ago, Stats SA used Census data from 2011 to "map diversity" within some of South Africa's largest cities. As much as things may have changed in the last seven years, they serve as a fascinating visual representation of how the legacies of Apartheid spatial planning have played out post-1994. // These maps show, in a powerful way, the patterns of racial neighbourhood integration and segregation across South Africa’s largest cities. [...] Interestingly, a number of general characteristics occur in nearly all the maps.
- The central business districts (CBDs) have a high percentage of black African residents.
- The CBDs are surrounded by suburbs that have a high percentage of white residents.
- The high density townships – dominated by black African, coloured or Indian/Asian residents – are disconnected from the CBD.
- Racial mixing seems to be occurring mostly in previously white-dominated neighbourhoods.
Despite these common characteristics, each city still maintains its own unique pattern. A pattern which is not only a result of the city’s unique history, but also of its unique present.
Source: Stats SA. (2016). "Mapping diversity: an exploration of our social tapestry". http://www.statssa.gov.za/?p=7678