Red Fort, New Delhi (India).
Here are some of the interesting facts about Red Fort:
1. THE RED FORT WAS NOT ACTUALLY RED!
When the fort was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1648, it was white in colour – built with sandstones. Not only did the name, but the colour of the fort was also changed to red. All of it took place at the behest of the British. The Red Fort was originally made of lime stones. It was when the white stone began chipping off, the British had to paint it with red.
2. THE REAL NAME OF THE FORT.
Do you know that the Red Fort was not always known by its current name? It was originally known as “Qila-e-Mubarak”. This name simplifies to “The Blessed Fort”. According to sources Shah Jahan built this fort when he made a decision to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi.
3. IT TOOK A DECADE TO BUILD THE RED FORT.
It took 10 long years by Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmed – the pioneering architects during the time who began the construction in 1638 and completed it a decade later.
4. THE KOHINOOR DIAMOND WAS PART OF THE RED FORT FURNITURE.
Many would not know that the Kohinoor diamond was actually a part of the royal throne of Shah Jahan – located in the Diwani-i-Khas. Years later the priceless stone was robbed by Nadir Shah (the ‘Persian Napoleon’). At present, the largest diamond in the world is adorning the crown of England’s queen.
5. THE RUIN OF THE RED FORT.
After having acquired the Red Fort, British went on a destroying spree. They continued to demolish several parts of the fort. Truth be told, most of the valuables were sold. Nothing remained in the massive and splendid fort that was once the residence of the mughal emperor.