Lorenc Antoni (23 September 1909 – 21 October 1991) was a #Kosovo#Albanian#composer , #conductor and #ethnomusicologist .
In 1941 Antoni began teaching music in Uroševac, Prizren, and Pristina. In 1948 Antoni established in Prizren one of the #JosipSlavenski music schools of former Yugoslavia for beginners and intermediate music performers. He led and conducted the choir of the school. He also conducted the artists of the cultural "Agimi" society and the Symphony Orchestra of the city of Prizren.
In the study of folklore, #LorencAntoni wrote a seven-volume work on Albanian folk music from Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and South Morava. He also composed around 200 musical compositions, mainly vocal pieces.
There is a music school named after Antoni in Prizren. The School of music “Lorenc Antoni” has six classes, 52 students, and 21 teachers.
Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an #Italian opera #composer , who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania".
Many years later, in 1898, Giuseppe #Verdi "praised the broad curves of #Bellini 's melody: 'there are extremely long melodies as no-one else had ever made before' "
In considering which of his operas can be seen to be his greatest successes over the almost two hundred years since his death, 'Il pirata' laid much of the groundwork in 1827, achieving very early recognition in comparison to #Donizetti 's having written thirty operas before his major 1830 triumph with 'Anna Bolena'. Both 'I Capuleti ed i Montecchi' at La Fenice in 1830 and 'La sonnambula' in Milan in 1831 reached new triumphal heights, although initially 'Norma', given at La Scala in 1831 did not fare as well until later performances elsewhere. "The genuine triumph" of I puritani in January 1835 in Paris capped a significant career. Certainly, 'Capuleti', 'La sonnambula', 'Norma', and 'I puritani' are regularly performed today.
After his initial success in Naples, most of the rest of his short life was spent outside of both Sicily and Naples, those years being followed with his living and composing in Milan and Northern Italy, and—after a visit to London—then came his final masterpiece in Paris, 'I puritani'.
Only nine months later, #VincenzoBellini died in Puteaux, France at the age of 33.
Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold, CBE (21 October 1921 – 23 September 2006) was an #English#composer .
His output of works features music in many genres, including a cycle of nine symphonies, numerous concertos, concert works, chamber music, choral music and music for brass band and wind band. He wrote extensively for the theatre, with five ballets specially commissioned by the Royal Ballet, as well as two operas and a musical. #MalcolmArnold also produced scores for more than a hundred films, among these 'The Bridge on the River Kwai' (1957), for which he won an Oscar.
#musicfact The best way to remember facts might be to set them to music. Medical students, for example, have long used rhymes and songs to help them master vast quantities of information, and we’ve just gotten fresh evidence of how effective this strategy can be. 🎶💜🎶
#musicfact Musical training has shown to lead to improvements in a wide variety of different skills, including memory and spatial learning for example. In addition, language skills such as verbal memory, literacy and verbal intelligence have been shown to strongly benefit from musical training. 🎶💜🎶
#musicfact Music has been found to stimulate parts of the brain, and studies have demonstrated that music enhances the memory of Alzheimer’s and dementia patients, including a study conducted at UC Irvine, which showed that scores on memory tests of Alzheimer’s patients improved when they listened to classical music. 🎶💜🎶
Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300 – April 1377) was a #medieval#French#poet and #composer .
#DeMachaut is regarded by many musicologists as the greatest and most important composer of the 14th century. One of the earliest composers on whom significant biographical information is available, Daniel Leech-Wilkinson called Machaut "the last great poet who was also a composer". Well into the 15th century, Machaut's #poetry was greatly admired and imitated by other poets, including #GeoffreyChaucer .
#Machaut composed in a wide range of styles and forms. He is a part of the musical movement known as the #arsnova . Machaut helped develop the #motet and secular song forms (particularly the lai and the #formesfixes : rondeau, virelai and ballade). Machaut wrote the 'Messe de Nostre Dame', the earliest known complete setting of the 'Ordinary of the Mass' attributable to a single composer.
Giuseppe Matteo Alberti (20 September 1685 – 18 February 1751) was an #Italian#Baroque#composer and #violinist .
In 1705, he became a member of the Accademia Filarmonica. From 1709, he played the violin in the orchestra of the San Petronio Basilica in Bologna. Later, he was elected a president of the Accademia Filarmonica six times, the first time in 1721. In 1726, he became maestro di capella of San Giovanni in Monte and in 1734 of San Domenico.
His works were influenced by Antonio #Vivaldi and they were much played in England. He wrote mostly instrumental works and published 12 symphonies as well as 10 concertos in six parts for violins.
Jean Sibelius (8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957), was a #Finnish#composer and #violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods.
#JeanSibelius is widely recognized as his country's and one of the World's greatest composers and, through his music, is often credited with having helped Finland to develop a national identity during its struggle for independence from Russia. The core of #Sibelius ’ oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies which, like his other major works, are regularly performed and recorded in his home country and internationally. His other best-known compositions are #Finlandia , the Karelia Suite, Valse triste, the Violin Concerto, the choral symphony Kullervo, and The Swan of Tuonela (from the Lemminkäinen Suite).
Benjamin Franklin White (September 20, 1800 – December 5, 1879) was a shape note "singing master", and compiler of the shape note tunebook known as 'The Sacred Harp'.
White and Elisha J. King published The Sacred Harp in 1844, using the four-shape shape note notation. King died in 1844. In 1845, White led in the establishment of the Southern Musical Convention. In 1850, he issued a second edition of 'The Sacred Harp', adding 97 songs and 103 pages. With the 1850 and future editions, White was assisted by a musical committee appointed by the Southern Musical Convention. In 1859, a third edition of The Sacred Harp was released, adding 74 more songs on 63 pages. A fourth edition came out in 1869. For the first time, in this revision White replaced old songs with new ones, rather than simply adding the new songs to the back of the book. A year later, he released a copyright of the same book signed only by himself and his son, D. P. White, perhaps clarifying ownership. In 1911, White's youngest son, James Landrum White, reissued this fourth edition with a supplement of newer gospel songs. #BenjaminFranklinWhite also taught music; among his pupils was Sarah Lancaster.
Brian Samuel Epstein (19 September 1934 – 27 August 1967) was an #English music entrepreneur who managed @theBeatles.
#BrianEpstein first discovered #theBeatles in November 1961 during a lunchtime performance at The Cavern Club. He was instantly impressed and saw great potential in the group. Epstein was rejected by nearly all major recording companies in London, until he secured a meeting with #GeorgeMartin , head of EMI's Parlophone label. In May 1962, Martin agreed to sign the Beatles, partly because of #Epstein 's conviction that the group would become internationally famous.
G. Schirmer, Inc. is an #American classical music publishing company based in New York City, founded in 1861 by by German-born #GustavSchirmer Sr., the son of a #German immigrant.
In 1891, the company established its own engraving and printing plant. The next year it inaugurated the #Schirmer 's Library of Musical Classics. The Musical Quarterly, the oldest academic journal on music in the U.S., was founded by #GSchirmerInc in 1915 together with musicologist #OscarSonneck , who edited the journal until his death in 1928.
The company was owned by the Schirmer family for over 100 years until #Macmillan , a major book publisher, purchased it in 1968.
Katharina Klafsky (September 19, 1855 – September 22, 1896) was a #Hungarian operatic #singer whose acclaimed international career was cut short by a chronic illness which proved fatal.
Being employed at Vienna as a nursemaid, her fine #soprano voice led to her being engaged as a chorus singer, and she was given lessons in music. By 1882, she became well known in #Wagnerian roles at the Leipzig theatre, and she increased her reputation by appearing at other German musical centres. In 1892, she appeared in London, and had a great success in #Wagner 's operas, notably as Brünnhilde and as Isolde, her dramatic as well as vocal gifts being of an exceptional order. She sang with the Damrosch Opera Company in America in 1895, but died of brain cancer in 1896.
#KatharinaKlafsky was married to the conductor #OttoLohse .
Nikos Skalkottas (21 March 1904 – 19 September 1949) was a #Greek#composer of 20th-century classical music. A member of the #SecondVienneseSchool , he drew his influences from both the classical repertoire and the Greek tradition.
Throughout his career #NikosSkalkottas remained faithful to the #neoclassical ideals of #NeueSachlichkeit and "#absolutemusic " proclaimed in Europe in the 1925. Already in Berlin he was taking an interest in #jazz and at the same time developing a very personal form of the twelve-note method, making use of not one but several tone-rows in a work and organizing these rows to define different thematic and harmonic areas. (For example, the 'Largo Sinfonico' employs no less than 16 twelve-tone rows.) Like #Schoenberg , he persistently cultivated classical forms (such as sonata, variations, suite), but his worklist is divided between atonal, twelve-tone and tonal works, all three categories spanning his entire composing career. Such apparent heterogeneity could have been intensified by a love of Greek folk music. The most striking example of his commitment to Greek folk music is the series of '36 Greek Dances' composed for orchestra between 1931 and 1936, arranged for various different ensembles in the ensuing years and in part radically reorchestrated in 1948–49. About two-thirds of these dances are based on genuine Greek folk themes from different parts of the Greek mainland and islands, but the other third use material of #Skalkottas 's own composition in folk style.
Marguerite-Antoinette Couperin (19 September 1705 – c. 1778) was a #French#harpsichordist , the first woman to hold the position of ordinaire de la musique de la chambre du roi pour le clavecin (court musician to the King of France).
The #Couperin family were a dynastic French musical family of professional composers and performers first mentioned in 1366.
#MargueriteAntoinetteCouperin was born in Paris, the daughter of #FrançoisCouperin (the Great). She became active at the French court from at least 1729 (she is mentioned in an article in the Mercure de France).
On 16 February 1730 she succeeded her father in the office of Ordinary musician of the King's chamber for the harpsichord when her father retired. This was a feature of French courtly music in which musicians were able to bequeath or sell their positions in a system called survivance. The title Ordinaire is the most junior rank in the hierarchy of the court's musicians and reflected her age and relative inexperience.
She was the first woman to take up a position as court musician. She also taught harpsichord to Louis XV's daughters.
Richard Steven Burmer (September 19, 1955 – September 9, 2006) was an #American#composer , engineer, sound designer, musician and #ethnomusicologist .
His work with electronic music combined with musical styles and instruments from around the world formed his own unique and distinct sound.
#RichardBurmer died of heart disease on Saturday, September 9, 2006 in Saginaw, Michigan at the age of 50 years. A 2007 'Hearts of Space' radio show episode entitled "Across the View" (Program #794 ) was dedicated to his memory. The radio show 'Echoes' released a tribute podcast for Burmer on the tenth anniversary of his death in 2016.
Pablo Sorozábal Mariezcurrena (18 September 1897 – 26 December 1988) was a #Spanish#composer of zarzuelas, symphonic works, and the popular romanza, "No puede ser".
Katiuska (1931) was #Sorozábal ’s stage debut, and the twenty or so zarzuelas which followed combine lyric fire and inimitable orchestration with an unfailing sense of theatre. Best-loved are his classic madrileño comedy La del manojo de rosas (1934) and the “nautical romance” set on the Atlantic Coast La tabernera del puerto of 1936.
#Sorozabal also wrote scores for non-musical films, notably the classic Spanish film Marcelino Pan y Vino (1955).
Mauricio Raúl Kagel (Spanish pronunciation: [mauˈɾisjo ˈkaɣel]; December 24, 1931 – September 18, 2008) was a #German -#Argentine#composer notable for developing the theatrical side of musical performance.
Some of #MauricioKagel ’s pieces give specific theatrical instructions to the performers, such as to adopt certain facial expressions while playing, to make their stage entrances in a particular way, to physically interact with other performers, and so on. For this reason commentators at times related his work to the Theatre of the Absurd. He has been regarded by music historians as deploying a critical intelligence interrogating the position of music in society. In 1991 Kagel was invited by Walter Fink as the second composer featured in the annual Komponistenporträt of the Rheingau Musik Festival. In 2000 he received the Ernst von Siemens Music Prize.
Staatstheater (1970) remains, probably, #Kagel ’s best-known work. It is the piece that most clearly shows his absurdist tendency.
Lieutenant Colonel (Dr) Ray Steadman-Allen (18 September 1922 – 15 December 2014) was a #British#composer of choral and brass band music for the Salvation Army and for band competition.
Much of #SteadmanAllen ’s music was ahead of its time, to the point that it was sometimes considered unacceptable to the listener. ‘Lord of the Sea’ created a furore. His creativity has been given totally to God and has been instrumental in guiding Salvation Army music into uncharted territory, particularly when the International Music Editorial Department was under his leadership between 1967 and 1980.
Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt-Wilson, 14th Baron Berners (18 September 1883 – 19 April 1950), also known as #GeraldTyrwhitt , was a #British#composer , novelist, painter and aesthete. He is usually referred to as #LordBerners .
Berners himself once said that he would have been a better composer if he had accepted fewer lunch invitations. But English composer #GavinBryars , quoted in Peter Dickinson’s biography of Berners, disagrees saying: "If he had spent more time on his music he could have become a duller composer". #DinahBirch , reviewing The Mad Boy, Lord Berners, My Grandmother and Me, a biography of Berners written by Robert's granddaughter, #SofkaZinovieff , concurs saying: "Had he committed himself to composition as his life's work, perhaps his legacy would have been more substantial. But his music might have been less innovative, for its amateur quality — 'amateur in the best sense', as #Stravinsky insisted — is inseparable from its distinctive flair".
Uzeyir bey Abdul Huseyn oglu Hajibeyov (September 18, 1885 – November 23, 1948) was a #soviet#composer , #conductor , publicist, playwright, teacher, translator, and social figure of Azerbaijani origin.
He is recognized as the father of Azerbaijani composed classical music and #opera . #UzeyirHajibeyov composed the music of the #nationalanthem of #Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (which was re-adopted after Azerbaijan regained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991). He also composed the anthem used by Azerbaijan during the Soviet period. He was the first composer of an opera in the Islamic world.
One of #Hajibeyov 's greatest legacies was bringing forward the idea of establishing a professional music school. Hence the #BakuAcademy of Music (known then as the Azerbaijan State Conservatoire), was founded in 1920 and named after Hajibeyov after his death.
John Powell (born 18 September 1963) is an #English#composer , best known for his scores to motion pictures.
#JohnPowell has been based in Los Angeles since 1997 and has composed the scores to over fifty feature films. He is particularly known for his scores for animated films, including Antz, Chicken Run, Shrek (all three co-composed with #HarryGregsonWilliams ), Robots, Happy Feet (and its sequel), three Ice Age sequels, Rio, and the How to Train Your Dragon film series, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for the first film.
Powell was a member of #HansZimmer 's music studio, Remote Control Productions, and has collaborated frequently with other composers from the studio, including Harry #GregsonWilliams and Zimmer himself.
Alberto Franchetti (18 September 1860 – 4 August 1942) was an #Italian opera #composer .
His first major success occurred in 1888 with his opera 'Asrael'. His operatic style combined #Wagnerianism and the traits of #Meyerbeer with Italian #verismo . During his life, critics sometimes referred to him as the "Meyerbeer of modern Italy."
Among the reasons for Franchetti's descent into obscurity is the fact that, after the promulgation of the Fascist Racial Laws of 1938, which largely disenfranchised Italy's Jewish population, Franchetti's works were banned from performance. This was despite a plea for tolerance on his behalf from Pietro #Mascagni to Benito #Mussolini , which was rejected, just before #Franchetti 's death.
Recent revivals and recordings of 'Cristoforo Colombo' and 'Germania' (Berlin Oper 2006/7) show his work to be of genuine quality with a fine ability in orchestration and use of the chorus, symphonic in style. These traits, along with an unfortunate tendency for two-dimensional characters, were recognised early.
Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer (18 September 1711 – 7 April 1783) was a #composer of symphonies, concertos, operas, and chamber music and a member of the #Mannheimschool . His aesthetic style is in line with that of the #SturmundDrang "movement" of German art and literature.
His opera 'Günther von Schwarzburg', based on the life of the eponymous king (and described here), was an early German national opera, a performance of which #Mozart and his sister attended, through which they met Anton Raaff, who was later to premiere a role in 'Idomeneo'. This opera has recently been recorded on the label cpo. #IgnazHolzbauer wrote 196 symphonies.
Mozart also composed nine numbers for insertion in a 'Miserere' by #Holzbauer on commission by the Parisian Concert Spirituel in 1778, but they have been lost. They have been given the catalog number #KV297a in the list of Mozart's works.
Johann Gottfried Walther (18 September 1684 – 23 March 1748) was a #German music theorist, #organist , #composer and lexicographer of the #Baroque era.
Walther was born at Erfurt. Not only was his life almost exactly contemporaneous to that of Johann Sebastian #Bach , he was the famous composer's cousin.
#JohannGottfriedWalther was most well known as the compiler of the 'Musicalisches Lexicon' (Leipzig, 1732), an enormous dictionary of music and musicians. Not only was it the first dictionary of musical terms written in the German language, it was the first to contain both terms and biographical information about composers and performers up to the early 18th century.
Manos Loïzos (22 October 1937 – 17 September 1982) was one of the most important #Greek#Cypriot music composers of the 20th century.
#ManosLoïzos composed many well-known Greek songs and has co-operated with various important composers, singers and lyricists like Mikis Theodorakis, Haris Alexiou, George Dalaras, Vasilis Papakonstantinou, Christos Leontis, Fondas Ladis, Yannis Negrepontis, Manolis Rasoulis, Giannis Kalatzis, Nâzım Hikmet and many others. His best known co-operation was with his very personal friend, lyricist Lefteris Papadopoulos who wrote the lyrics of many of Loizos' most successful hits.
Isang Yun (17 September 1917 – 3 November 1995), was a #Korean -born #composer who made his later career in Germany.
Yun's primary musical concern was the development of Korean music by the means of Western avant garde music. After experimenting with 12-tone techniques Yun developed his own musical personality in his works of the early 1960s, post-serialistic "sound compositions". #IsangYun 's music employed techniques associated with traditional Korean music, such as glissandi, pizzicati, portamenti, vibrati, and above all a very rich vocabulary of ornaments. Essential is the presence of multiple-melodic lines, which Yun called "Haupttöne" ("central" or "main tones").
In both Europe and the United States, Yun developed a strong reputation as a composer of #avantgarde music, assigned those signature elements of traditional Korean musical technique. The technical as well a stylistic difficulties of performing his very elaborate and ornamental music are not to be underestimated.
Charles Tomlinson Griffes (September 17, 1884 – April 8, 1920) was an #American#composer for piano, chamber ensembles and voice.
His most famous works are the White Peacock, for piano (1915, orchestrated in 1919); his Piano Sonata (1917–18, revised 1919); a tone poem, The Pleasure Dome of Kubla Khan, after the fragment by Coleridge (1912, revised in 1916), and Poem for Flute and Orchestra (1918). He also wrote numerous programmatic pieces for piano, chamber ensembles, and for voice. The amount and quality of his music is impressive considering his short life and his full-time teaching job, and much of his music is still performed. His unpublished Sho-jo (1917), a one-act pantomimic drama based on #Japanese themes, is one of the earliest works by an American composer to show direct inspiration from the music of Japan.
Larry Ellsworth Lake (2 July 1943 – 17 September 2013) was an #American –born #Canadian#composer , #trumpeter , freelance writer on music, radio broadcaster and record producer.
As a composer, #LarryLake was primarily known for his #electronicmusic . His musical compositions are characterized by their integration of acoustic instruments with electronic ones in live performance. From 1985 until his death he served as Artistic Director of the Canadian Electronic Ensemble, a group of which he was a founding member. For nearly 30 years he hosted and served as music consultant for the CBC Radio program Two New Hours. An associate of the Canadian Music Centre (CMC), he was the chair of the CMC's Ontario Region Council and was an executive member of the CMC's national board. He was a member of both the Canadian Electroacoustic Community and the Canadian League of Composers. His compositions received multiple awards from the CMC (1982, 1984, 1987) and from the Major Armstrong Foundation. He received three Juno Award nominations for his work as a record producer.
Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Ashton OM CH CBE (17 September 1904 – 18 August 1988) was a #British#balletdancer and #choreographer . He also worked as a director and choreographer in #opera , film and revue.
Determined to be a dancer, despite the opposition of his conventional middle-class family, Ashton was accepted as a pupil by #LéonideMassine and then by #MarieRambert . In 1926 Rambert encouraged him to try his hand at choreography, and though he continued to dance professionally, with success, it was as a choreographer that he became famous.
#FrederickAshton is widely credited with the creation of a specifically English genre of #ballet . Among his best-known works are ‘Façade’ (1931), ‘Symphonic Variations’ (1946), ‘Cinderella’ (1948), ‘La fille mal gardée’ (1960), ‘Monotones I and II’ (1965), ‘Enigma Variations’ (1968) and the feature film ballet ‘The Tales of Beatrix Potter’ (1970).