Napolyon’dan Piłsudski’ye kadar onca liderin ordusunun terkibinde bulunmuş, Polonya’yı Rus ve Alman istilalarına karşı 500 yıl boyunca savunmuş, 1939’daki Alman istilası sırasında Alman tanklarına dörtnala süvari birlikleri ile girişmiş Lipka Tatarlarının askeri tarihinden birkaç kesit. Polonya bağımsızlığına giden yolun öncülerinden, Leh ve Litvan milliyetçileri ile Ruslara karşı direnişin önderlerinden Aleksander Sulkiewicz, tam adıyla Iskander Mirza Huzman Beg Sulkiewicz de karede. #polishhistory#lithuanianhistory#lipkatatars#turkicpeople#militaryhistory
🇱🇹Liepos 6🇱🇹 On the 6th of July 1253 our King Mindaugas was coronated and became internationally recognized as a king in Europe alongside to taking Christianization among the Lithuanian nobility. Due to this decision being a diplomatic move ~10 years later he ditched Christianity and officially returned to worshipping the Baltic deities.
We celebrate the coronation nationwide since Mindaugas was the only Lithuanian ruler that happened to be officially crowned. Even though it lasted only 10 years.
One of my favorite countries - the Polish-Lithuanian Commenwealth. It was formed officially in 1569 by the Union of Lublin, which merged the Crown of Poland with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single elected ruler. It was a strong nation until it began losing Wars, resulting in the First, Second and Third Partitions of Poland.
It was truly a religiously diverse “empire” in a sense - having Roman Catholics, Ukrainian Greek Catholics, Ruthenian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, and Ukrainian Orthodox, Lutherans, Calvinists/Reformed, and Jews. The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church was established as an Eastern Catholic Church with loyalty to Rome by the Union of Brest, in which four (later, 8) Ruthenian Orthodox bishops broke connection with the East Orthodox Patriach of Constantinople. The Polish Orthodox Church of today was not established until 1924, when Poland regained its independence after WWI.
Photo Credit: @wikipedia
The Island Castle of Trakai about half an hour bus journey from Vilna. Originally built in the late middle ages (c. 1400s) and restorated in the mid- to late-20th century.
Fairly nice castle with hoards of items (next 'gram) and interesting info tidbits, such as that Sigismund I brought many Renaissance innovations to Lithunia such as the fork, before that unknown in both Lithuania and the Nordic (future) countries to the north. #trakaicastle#trakaipilis#lithuania#lithuanianhistory#history#historytidbits#trakai
... continuing the story of #marigolds + #amber + #lithuania .
. you already heard from me about the #lithuanianamber and how the amber color #scarf became part of this summer dress. I also happened to have matching leather and amber accessories #handmadeinlithuania ! What a coincidence!?
. but what I didn’t tell you is why I chose this lovely #marigoldprint cotton voile from @fiberstofabric . They have many beautiful fabrics and it wasn’t easy to pick one, but somehow I was drawn to marigolds as those flowers reminded me of my childhood and my mum cause she liked to plant these annuals everywhere: they were bright and bold and could withstand #lithuanian climate very well!
. however, it was only during the sewing process of this dress when I finaly got a peace of mind and understood why marigolds!
......... ‘The Baltic Way’. On August 23rd, 1989, approximately two million people joined their hands forming a 600 km long human chain through the Baltic countries, thus demonstrating their unity in their efforts towards freedom. It was a peaceful political demonstration and I was a part of it! I was only 4 years old but I clearly remember how our parents took us there and how I was shy and afraid to hold a stranger’s hand. And then there was a FLOWER RAIN! Could you imagine how little girl should feel when she sees flowers falling from the sky?! Small airplanes were flying above and dropping all kinds of flower blossoms including bold yellow marigolds!........Those were the moments that will stay with me forever!
. www.balticway.eu - if you would like to read more 💛💚❤️
Nestled between Poland, Belarus, and Latvia, Lithuania has a layered history that spans multiple centuries. By the end of the 14th century, Lithuania was one of the largest countries in Europe. Its borders included parts of modern-day Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia. In the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was created, which in turn imparted Polish culture and politics onto the Lithuanians. The Great Northern War at the beginning of the 18th century, a plague, and a famine, greatly weakened Lithuania. Russia gained interest in the Commonwealth and towards the end of the century it was partitioned to the Russia Empire, Prussia, and Austria. The parts of Lithuania belonging to Russia underwent intense “Russification.” During World War I, Lithuania was occupied by Germany, and once again had no political rights. As it became clear that Germany was loosing the war, Lithuania gained its independence in 1918. The time between the two wars was a prosperous time for Lithuanians, in which they fostered a deep pride for their independence. During World War II, Lithuania was pressured by Russia to form a pro-Soviet government. Still, german troops invaded Lithuania, killing over 200,000 Lithuanian Jews during the Holocaust. In 1945, Lithuania fell under Soviet rule again, where it stayed until it became the first country to declare its independence after the fall of the Soviet Union.
Lithuania’ culinary history is rich due to the county’s long past. It has many North-Eastern European influences, especially German, and similarities to Polish, Ukrainian, and Russian, and Ashkenazi Jewish cuisine. Yet throughout Lithuanian’s various iterations, the country maintained a distinct food culture. Lithuanian cuisine focuses upmost on seasonality and regionality. Variation between regions is caused by the climate and the influence of neighboring countries. As a whole, its centerpieces are bread, mushrooms, pork, curd cheese, apples, potatoes, cucumber, beets, and berries. Some popular dishes are cabbage soup, cold beet soup, black bread, and various potato dishes.
April 5 (part one)
The Battle on the Ice took place today in 1242. The battle was fought between the Livonian Order, a branch of the larger Teutonic Order, and the Novgorod Republic. The Battle was fought between two armies on top of a frozen lake, hence the battle’s name. The resulting Novgorodian victory marked the end of the Northern Crusade.
Much of the Eastern Baltic region remained largely pagan during the middle ages. This put the people in a precarious position as they were nestled between the christian nations of Eastern Europe and the Eastern Orthodox nations of Russia. Seeing an opportunity to spread christianity, Pope Celestine III called for a crusade against the pagans in Livonia, modern day day Lithuania and Latvia. Later this crusade would spread to include the Orthodox Russian Nations to the east.
Christianization efforts were brutal, and were met with fierce resistance. Eventually, the knights operating in Livonia were incorporated into the Teutonic Order, and became a branch for the order called the Livonian Order. Once they controlled the region they began to raid and take land from the neighboring Novgorodian Republic. The republic at this time had no standing army and relied on the troops under Alexander Nevsky. This allowed him to claim the title of Prince. Alexander moved to recapture territory lost to the order. The Livonian Order quickly raised an army to counter Alexander. Alexander moved up Lake Peipus, which was along the border of Livonia and Novgorod, and crossed the frozen lake. Alexander’s army set up defensive positions in the other side and waited for the Livonians.