Historical Bazaar Complex is a maze of interlinked and roofed brick structures, buildings and enclosed areas serving a variety of functions. Tabriz and its bazaar flourished and gained fame during the 13th century CE, when the town served as the seat of the Safavid kingdom.
Tabriz however lost its status as the capital city in the 16th century while remaining an important commercial hub until the end of the 18th century, with the expansion of Ottoman power. It is one of the most evident instances of traditional, commercial and cultural system of Iran.
The historic Tabriz Bazaar Complex, located along one of the busiest east-west trade routes boasts of covered brick structures, buildings, and enclosed areas for a variety of functions ― commercial and trade-related activities, social gatherings, and educational and religious practices.
Tabriz Bazaar Complex was one of the most important international trade and cultural centers in Asia and the world between the 12th and the 18th centuries CE in view of its location along the east-west trade routes.
Tabriz Bazaar is an exceptional prototype of an architectural-urban commercial area, which is reflected in its highly-integrated architectural buildings and spaces. The bazaar is one of the most sustainable socio-economic structures, and its great complexity attests to the richness in trade and cultural interaction of Tabriz.
The bazaar is an exceptional physical, economic, social, political, and religious complex that provides evidence to a civilization that is still flourishing. Over the centuries, Tabriz Bazaar developed into a socio-economic and cultural system in which specialized architectural structures, functions, professions and people from various cultures integrated into a unique living ambiance.
The history of the Silk Road pre-dates the Han Dynasty in practice, however, as the Persian Royal Road, which would come to serve as one of the main arteries of the Silk Road, was established during the Achaemenid Empire (500-330 BCE). The Persian Royal Road ran from Susa, in north Persia (modern day Iran) to the Mediterranean Sea in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) and featured postal stations along the route with fresh horses for envoys to quickly deliver messages throughout the empire. Herodotus, writing of the speed and efficiency of the Persian messengers, stated that:
There is nothing in the world that travels faster than these Persian couriers. Neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor darkness of night prevents these couriers from completing their designated stages with utmost speed. (Histories VIII.98)
These lines would, centuries later, form the creed of the United States of America’s post office. The Persians maintained the Royal Road carefully and, in time, expanded it through smaller side roads. These paths eventually crossed down into the Indian sub-continent, across Mesopotamia, and over into Egypt.
Great News for Overseas Visitors to Iran!
You can travel to Iran without Iran visa stamp on the passport.
You'll get Iran visa on your arrival at the airport on a separate piece of paper rather than on the passport.
Rely on PTA and enjoy a journey to Iran in the comfort of your own home.
Sassanid Archaeological Landscape Becomes Iran's 23rd UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region, in #Iran has just been inscribed as @UNESCO #WorldHeritage Site (Saturday, June 30, 2018). Congratulations!
UNESCO has inscribed Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Province on the list of World Heritage Sites.
The decision was made on Saturday, during the 42nd World Heritage Committee Session currently underway in Bahrain, UNESCO tweeted.
Iranian officials had submitted the related dossier to the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the International Union for Conservation of Nature in July 2017.
The site also known as the Ensemble of Historical Sassanian Cities comprises Bishapour, Firouzabad and Sarvestan in Fars Province.
According to the dossier, the ensemble embodies the political, historical, cultural and artistic developments of the Sassanid era (224-651). It includes the ruins of the city of Goor, Ardeshir's Palace, Qal'e-ye-Dokhtar fortress and bas-reliefs.
The committee chaired by Haya Bint Rashed Al Khalifa of Bahrain, meeting in Manama since June 24, inscribed three other cultural sites alongside, including the Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai in India, Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region in Japan and Sansa Buddhist Mountain Monasteries in Korea.
The inscription of sites will continue on Sunday while the session will run until July 4.