This dude right here, Paolo Sarpi, was proponent of separation of church and state as well as freedom of press before they were even a thing. He was jack of all trades: a lawyer, an experimental scientist, a statesman, an activist, etc.
And, apparently, BFF with Galileo.
Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, circa 1942
Bill Bojangles Robinson was an American tap dancer and actor between 1900 and the early 1940s. I first discovered him when I was eight years old as I watched a 1935 Shirley Temple film called "The Little Colonel" for the very first time. In the film there is a famous scene known as the "stair dance" where Bojangles performs an intricate tap dance routine up and down a flight of stairs, later being accompanied by Shirley Temple herself. This scene would make Robinson and Temple the first interracial dance partners in Hollywood history. It was so controversial at the time in fact, that their scenes together or scenes where their hands would touch were often cut out entirely in many places around the world. (Despite this backlash however, Robinson and Temple would later create three more films together and numerous incredible dance sequences)
Now, being a little girl in the 21st century, this did not even cross my mind. Instead, I was so captivated by the way this man danced that he inspired me to take up tap dancing myself again. He was truly mesmerizing. Unfortunately, after a year I ended up breaking my ankle at school and had to give it up, though part of me does wish I had got back into it again. 😂
William Thomas Green Morton (1819-1868), nacido en Charlston Massachusetts, se graduó de la Universidad de Cirugía Dental de Baltimore en 1840. En 1844, entra a la Escuela de Medicina de Harvard, pero no termina sus estudios. Allí, asiste a conferencias del Dr Charles T Jackson, quien lo instruye sober las propiedades anestésicas del éter para procederes quirúrgicos.
Luego del fracaso de su amigo Horace Wells con una demostración pública sobre el uso de óxido nitroso en 1845, Morton buscó consejo de su mentor Charles T Jackson, quien le sugiere la utilización de éter sulfúrico. Morton evaluó la posibilidad y disfrazó el olor del éter mezclando productos aromáticos. Al compuesto obtenido lo llamó "letheon". El 30 de septiembre de 1846, Morton realizó una extracción dental indolora luego de administrar éter a su paciente. Publica sus hallazgos y la prensa pronto se hace eco.
El 16 de octubre de ese año, realiza una demostración pública con letheon en el Hospital General de Massachusetts, donde el Dr John Collins Warren removió, de forma indolora, un tumor del cuello de Edward Gilbert Abbott. Esto impulsó el uso de agentes inhalados para diversos procedimientos quirúrgicos y abrió las puertas a la anestesia moderna.
Por la trascendencia histórica del evento, se conmemora el día internacional del anestesiólogo cada 16 de octubre.
#1 : William Thomas Green Morton.
#2 : Inhalador de letheon usado por Morton en la demostración.
#3 : Ether Dome, Hospital General de Massachusetts.
#4 : 16 de octubre de 1846 (Morton, sosteniendo el inhalador de letheon, Dr Warren, señalando el campo quirúrgico, y Edward Abbott, bajo anestesia). #Anestesia#Anestesiologia#Eter#Letheon#Medicina#FigurasHistoricas#WilliamMorton#EdwardAbbott#CharlesTJackson#HoraceWells#Anesthesia#Anesthesiology#Ether#Medicine#HistoricalFigures#Venezuela#AnestesYAlgoMas
"History: REMIXED" – Revisted • I had the most fun with this piece. To reimagine Marie Antoinette in today's world was also a little difficult because of the sheer amount of choice I had in choosing her style. She's rocking grey dyed hair, @ysl sunglasses, and a YEEZY Season sweatshirt by @adidas • Hope y'all enjoyed this series. And this is the last piece. Thank you
Lucie Aubrac a mené avec force, détermination et courage l’un des mouvements majeurs de Résistance pendant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale.
Durant sa jeunesse, alors dotée d'un caractère bien trempée, elle refuse l'uniforme de l'internat et décide de s'installer à Paris où elle vit de petits boulots.
Très vite elle prend conscience de la montée des fascismes en Europe lorsqu'elle se rend dans l'Allemagne Nazie à l'occasion des Jeux Olympiques.
Lorsque la guerre éclate, elle est en poste à Strasbourg où elle fait la rencontre de Raymond Samuel, également résistant.
Fin juin 1940, Raymond est fait prisonnier par l'armée allemande. Alors qu'il est détenu à Sarrebourg, Lucie parvient à le faire évader, fin août 1940, profitant de la confusion générale.
Puis, Lucie Aubrac reprend son métier d'enseignante sans pour autant mettre un terme à son action militante. La décolonisation, l'évolution de la condition féminine, les problèmes de société sont des combats qui la mobilisent à la Ligue des Droits de l'Homme.
Lucie Aubrac et son mari s’impliquèrent aux côtés des pays qui refusaient la domination coloniale et voulaient tracer eux-mêmes leur propre route. Raymond Aubrac, juif dont les parents furent assassinés à Auschwitz, prit fermement position pour une paix juste et durable entre Israéliens et Palestiniens.
À la retraite Lucie Aubrac, infatigable, s'emploie, notamment par d'innombrables conférences dans les établissements scolaires à travers toute la France, à communiquer aux nouvelles générations le sens des valeurs de solidarité, de fraternité et de justice qui firent la grandeur du combat de la Résistance.
I want to take a moment to honor Alan Turing, thanks to his work designing Christopher.
He managed to break the Germans encryption machine Enigma, when estimated, shortened the war by more than 2 years, that saved over 14 million lives.
He was homosexual, and during those times was considered a great crime.
After a year of unjustly government-mandated hormonal therapy, he committed suicide on June 7th, 1954.
He was 41 years old.
His work also inspired the eventual creation of the computers we use to this very day.
Thank you, Alan. We will miss you.
Our Periodic Table collection is BACCKKKKK and we are super excited! @foryourownedification we owe you a #kittyknox T 💪🏾
Go back to school with a statement piece that can teach your classmates/students about our heros: past and present. This collection was created to teach the community about some lesser known heros with a few favorites as well. Do you know all of these beautiful people? Test your knowledge.
Swipe to see our 2017-2018 pieces and share some trailblazers in the comments 👇🏾that we can add to our collection. #flyrobotics#periodictable#historicalfigures#honortheancestors
"History: REMIXED" – Revisited • The second piece of this series details a reimagining of Karl Marx, political scientist, journalist, and founder of the system of Marxism. His ideas gave birth to things we take for granted such as minimum wage, employee rights and our understanding of labour. • In today's volatile political, economic and social atmosphere, I suppose Karl Marx would be an incredibly important yet understated figure in terms of his appearence. Pictured here, he is wearing a simple black tee with a slogan and black wayfarers
Requested by: @gianluigi_passarelli.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was a journalist, politician and leader of the Partito Nazionale Fascista (National Fascist Party). He ruled Italy as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943 he constitutionally led the country until 1925, when he dropped the pretense of democracy and established a dictatorship.
Known as Il Duce (The Leader), Mussolini was the founder of Italian Fascism. In 1912, Mussolini had been a leading member of the National Directorate of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), but was expelled from the PSI for advocating military intervention in World War I, in opposition to the party's stance on neutrality.
He participated in th March on Rome in October 1922.
Mussolini established dictatorial authority by both legal and extraordinary means and aspired to create a totalitarian state.
Mussolini remained in power until he was deposed by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1943, but a few months later he became the leader of the Repubblica Sociale Italiana (Italian Social Republic) or commoly known as the Salò Republic, a german puppet State in northern Italy.
In late April 1945, the Salò Republic was being defeated, Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci attempted to flee to Switzerland, they where captured by italian communist partisans that recognised Mussolini disguised as a german soldier, Mussolini and his mistress where executed by firing squad on 28 April in Mezzegra near Lake Como. On the following day, the bodies of Mussolini and Petacci were taken to the Piazzale Loreto in Milan and hung upside down in front of a petrol station.
Do you believe you may have been an important person from history in your #pastlife ?
Many people feel a certain bond with #historicalfigures or celebrities who have passed on. While a certain percentage of human beings presently alive must have had a so-called 'famous past life', according to the studies of Helen Wambauch, Ph.D. (1978) only about 10% of people who remember past lives, can actually recall a 'famous' one. This is sometimes referred to as the “Cleopatra/Napoleon Syndrome". The recalled lives are usually of people who were close to the famous person, or ordinary people who lived in the same era and might have been fixated with the historical figure. It can be surprising to find out how ordinary our past lives actually were!
Having lived in the same era as, or been distantly connected to Queen Elizabeth I, Marie Antoinette, Joan of Arc, or King Henry VIII (to name a few) may explain the eerie knowledge of facts and coincidences in your life and theirs.👑
"History: REMIXED" – Revisited •
It was 2015 when I first came up with this series. Having been an avid lover of history and it's figures, I imagined what some of my favorites would look like if they were around today. Here is Marcus Aurelius, one of my favorite philosophers. He's wearing @myjfrey sunglasses and a custom one-off drape by @gucci • Let me know what you think and if you want me to reimagine any of your favorite historical figures.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was an American college professor from the State of Maine, who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army. He became a highly respected and decorated Union officer, reaching the rank of brigadier general (and brevet major general). He is best known for his gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg, for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor. He was the President at Bowdoin College also the Governor of Maine. His house located across the street from Bowdoin College, he was also involved in the Underground Rail Road....helping slaves escape to Canada. Some of these historical homes around Bowdoin College belonged to other historical figures that were involved in this! Watch the movie Gettysburg #history#americanhistory#historicalfigures#brunswick#maine#historicaldistrict#bowdoincollege#gettysburg#gettysburgmovie#pinegrovecemetery
Leif Erikson (970-1020) was one of my favorite people. He was a Norse explorer from Iceland and he was of Norwegian descent. He was the first known European to discover North America, way before Christopher Columbus. According to the Sagas, he established a Norse settlement in Vinland, which is America. He also supposedly traveled to Canada as well, finding Newfoundland. He was also the son of Erik the Red, a Norwegian explorer (Viking) who discovered Greenland. Leif Erikson was also described as a very honorable, likeable, and fun loving person. When he got to America, he fought the savage Natives as well. He definitely made an impact on Norwegian and American history. #viking#leiferikson#norse#scandinavian#scandinavianheritage#norwegian#norway#norwegianheritage#nordic#warrior#explorer#history#historicalfigures#badass
Theodora lived in an era of huge changes in the church, language and statehood. What had been Roman was about to become Byzantine, and the eastern regions around Syria, the Levant and Egypt were clamouring to use their own languages, hinting at self-determination. Despite the huge amount of history written about the period, Theodora was largely overlooked. In Procopius's Secret History, he calls her "Theodora-from-the-Brothel". What we do know about her seems fascinating, feminist, and almost always controversial. She was born to the bear-keeper of Constantinople's hippodrome in about AD500. Her father died when she was 5 and her mother married another animal-keeper. When he failed to land her dead husband's job, she rehearsed her three little girls in arm movements and the silent gestures of supplication that would have been recognised by theatre audiences of the time. Then, she dressed them up and took them to the hippodrome – a vast complex, housing a capacity crowd of 30,000 men – to formally request a job for their new stepfather. The wish was granted and Theodora went on to become an actress, dancer, comedian. By the age of 15, she was the star of the hippodrome, performing in shows which, if Procopius is to be believed, were not far from the extremes of modern burlesque. She was also, as most actresses then were, a prostitute. She travelled on to Antioch and is reputed to have worked with Macedonia, a woman who was a dancer, but possibly also a spy. Antioch was the major city of Syria, one of the many provinces that were starting to question the supremacy of Constantinople – there would have been good work for spies on all sides. At 21, Theodora returned to the capital and met Justinian. They married against the wishes of Justinian's aunt, the empress Euphemia, herself an ex-slave and concubine. When Justin died and Justinian became emperor in 527, "Theodora-from-the-Brothel" was empress of Rome. #empresa#empress#empresstheodora#byzantine#roman#rome#roma#eternalcity#justinian#constantinople#art#history#perfection#istanbul#dolcegabanna#vogue#paulwellman#book#read#historicalfigures#womanpower#love#lifestyle#ravenna#mosaic#italy 🇮🇹
Marco Polo (15th september of 1254 – 8th/9th january of 1324) was a merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.His travels are recorded in Livres des merveilles du monde (Book of the Marvels of the World, also known as The Travels of Marco Polo, c. 1300), a book that described to Europeans the wealth and great size of China, its capital Peking, and other Asian cities and countries.
Though he was not the first European to reach China, (there are some inaccuracies, errors and the lack of mention of some details of the landscape that points that he never went to China) Marco Polo was the first to leave a detailed chronicle of his experience. This book inspired Christopher Columbus and many other travellers. There is a substantial literature based on Polo's writings; he also influenced European cartography, leading to the introduction of the Fra Mauro map.
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also known as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during World War I. He is considered the ace-of-aces of the war, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
Originally a cavalryman, Richthofen transferred to the Air Service in 1915, becoming one of the first members of fighter squadron Jagdstaffel 2 in 1916. He quickly distinguished himself as a fighter pilot, and during 1917 became leader of Jasta 11 and then the larger fighter wing unit Jagdgeschwader 1, better known as "The Flying Circus" or "Richthofen's Circus" because of the bright colours of its aircraft, and perhaps also because of the way the unit was transferred from one area of allied air activity to another - moving like a travelling circus, and frequently setting up in tents on improvised airfields. By 1918, Richthofen was regarded as a national hero in Germany, and respected by his enemies.
Richthofen was shot down and killed near Vaux-sur-Somme on 21 April 1918. There has been considerable discussion and debate regarding aspects of his career, especially the circumstances of his death. He remains one of the most widely known fighter pilots of all time, and has been the subject of many books, films and other media.
Stephen William Hawking (January 8, 1942 - March 14, 2018) was a British scientist, professor and author who performed groundbreaking work in physics and cosmology, and whose books helped to make science accessible to everyone. At age 21, while studying cosmology at the University of Cambridge, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Part of his life story was depicted in the 2014 film The Theory of Everything.
Petition made by @offical.gilbraltar.ball.
Johannes Erwin Eugen Rommel (15 November 1891 - 14 October 1944) was a german general commonly known as the Desert Fox, served in the Wehrmacht as field marshal, he was a highly decorated officer in WW1 for his actions in the italian front.
In WW2 he distinguished himself as a tank commander of the 7th Panzer division during the invasion of France in 1940. His leadership of german and italian forces in the north african campaign stablished his reputation as one of the most able tank commanders of the war.
Rommel was implicated in the 20 of July plot to assassinate Hitler. Due to Rommel's reputation, Hitler wanted to eliminate him quietly. Rommel was given the option of commiting suicide, in which his reputation would remain intact and his family would not be persecuted or facing a trial that would result in disgrace and execution, he chosed the first and committed suicide using a cyanide pill, Rommel was given a state funeral, and it was announced that he succumbed to his injuries from the strafing of his staff car in