The #Frieze of the #Cherubims in the #Portinari#Chapel
Architecture between Tuscany and Lombardy
✍️ For this text thanks to @lucylamatematica
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The Portinari Chapel owes its name to the Florentine citizen Pigello Portinari (1421-1468), who had moved to Milan in 1452 as director of the Lombard branch of the Medici bank at the behest of Cosimo de 'Medici. Pigello Portinari wanted this construction to preserve the #relic of the head of St. Peter Martyr (Ark of St. Peter Martyr) and to be the burial chapel of his family.
The architectural structure of the chapel recalls Florentine models such as the Pazzi Chapel in Santa Croce and the Old Sacristy in San Lorenzo, and for this reason it was initially attributed to Tuscan architects, such as Michelozzo and Filarete; however, more recent comparative studies converge on the name of Guiniforte #Solari . The same Frieze of the Cherubs is Florentine-inspired but redesigned according to the Lombard fashion of the time, using terracotta for several decorations of contemporary churches and buildings.
Like other testimonies of the Lombard Renaissance, also the Portinari Chapel has gone through some vicissitudes and several restoration interventions, the last of which lasted from 1989 to 1998: the Chapel was reopened to the public in 2000.