Yala National Park
Yala (යාල) National Park is the most visited and second largest national park in Sri Lanka, bordering the Indian Ocean.The national park is situated in the dry semi-arid climatic regionand rain is received mainly during the northeast monsoon.
Yala National Park has a variety of ecosystems including moist monsoon forests, dry monsoon forests, semi deciduous forests, thorn forests, grasslands, marshes, marine wetlands, and sandy beaches.
Yala is one of the 70 Important Bird Areas in Sri Lanka. Of 215 bird species of the park, seven are endemic to Sri Lanka.
Including Sri Lankan elephant, 44 species of mammals are resident in Yala National Park and it has one of the highest leopard densities in the world.
The reptile fauna recorded from the park is 47 and six of them are endemic. In the water courses of Yala, 21 freshwater fish are found. There are 18 amphibian species that have been recorded from Yala.