This is Virry de Vries Robles.
She says “I was born in 1932 as a daughter of a general practitioner. When the war broke out, I was eight years old. At home almost nothing was done about the Jewish faith. So when I suddenly had to wear a star in 1942 and was not allowed to go to my own school anymore, I did not understand it. I did not know what Jewish meant.” She did not practice Judaism in her home and did not understand why she was suddenly being forced to wear a star. Restrictions started gradually and expanded as time went on. The “qualifications” for being Jewish eventually came to mean having even one grandparent that attended a synagogue meant you were subject to the new laws.
Virry would have to attend a new Jewish school and due to the fact that Jews were no longer allowed to ride bikes or tram, her walk ONE-WAY would take and hour and a half!
Incredible stories of normal people doing extraordinary things to save others in Amsterdam during WWII.
Testimony of Zygmunt Idziak, prisoner number 121444
The testimony was given on 19th February 1966 in Warsaw. Idziak was deported to Auschwitz on 13th May 1943 from the Pawiak prison with a group of political prisoners. He was the member of the resistance in the camp.
The resistance in Birkenau in 1943 and 1944 was working very well and it was very dynamic. The prisoners were so full of optimism, the will to fight and they stood up for each other. In 1944 the hunger wasn’t so bad anymore because of the food parcels and the organisation that took place in the food warehouses. The cold wasn’t that bad either anymore, as we were organising clothes and underwear from the warehouses with belongings of murdered people. You could tell that our resistance group was growing and that the moods of prisoners were better because you could hear Polish singing by the Christmas trees in Polish blocks during the Christmas of 1943, or during the New Years Eve of 1944. The SS wouldn’t even look us in the eye anymore.
In the picture you can see the drawing by former Auschwitz prisoner Mieczysław Kościelniak – ‘A letter from home’. The drawing comes from 1941 and was made in Auschwitz. The pic is the courtesy of the National Archives.
FEMA death camps
FEMA means The Federal Emergency Management
It helped many people after natural disasters
But FEMA is not what people think it is. It is rumored to have death camps to capture and kill Americans who dont want to follow the New World Order
Its ties run deep
True story, based on facts. Book read in one sitting. Lale Sokolov as a 26 year old was sent like most Jews to Death Camp in Auschwitz in 1942. Lale got the "privileged"job of the tatooist. He is the one who tattooed most of the numbers on the forearms of the prisoners. He met the love of his life in Auschwitz - Gita...and this is their love story, but also his day to day way of surviving, helping others was his choice, earning favours - "I did what I had to do to survive" say those few that survived. He witnessed unimaginable atrocities. There isn't many biographies of people that survived the whole 3 years of Auschwitz. Most books are describing months so I think Lale's experience was unique. They both survived and found each other after they left the camp in a mad rush. They got married and loved each other till deah took Gita in 2011. In Auschwitz block 7 and 5 still exist so is the Administration building where Gita worked....and the crematorium he was inside is still there...unfortunately Lale didn't get to go all these years after, his dream was to go to Auschwitz again, stand on the crematorium steps and apologise to those who lost their lives but he passed away. Heather Morris - the author, the person who listened to his story, only after Gita died - she did it for him.
May we never forget. I was not that long ago 😔😔😔 #tatuazystazauschwitz#heathermorris#book#biography#auschwitz#holocaust#basedonfacts#truestory#lalesokolov#deathcamp#1942#neverforget#lovereading#lovestory#mustread#respect#survivor#survivedauschwitz
Testimony of Anna Kniej, prisoner number 84429
The testimony was given on 13th of January 2000 in Warsaw. Kniej was born on 4th January 1931 in Warsaw and was deported to Auschwitz from the Warsaw Uprising (August 1944). I remember how we celebrated Christmas in the camp. One of the female prisoners came to us, she was so beautiful, so pretty, she was wearing an uniform. Her name was Stenia. She asked us what we wanted for Christmas. We all were just kids so we told her we just wanted to go home. She started to hit her long boots with a whip. She said she wanted to go home too. She taught us how to sing 'Silent Night' in German. It was a very popular song. She forced us to sing it.
In the picture you can see drawings made by prisoners in barrack 16 at the BIa sector of the Auschwitz II Birkenau. It was a children' barrack of the female camp. The picture is the courtesy of the National Archives.
Last week, Selma Wijnberg who escaped from Sobibor and survived the war sadly passed away at the age of 96. Hannah Wilson of the Auschwitz Study Group recently attended the 75th Anniversary of the Prisoner Revolt at the Sobibor memorial in October 2018, and wrote a blog for the Wiener Library, and dedicated it to the memory of Selma. You can read it on the link in our bio, published on the Wiener Library website. Please go follow them here - @wienerlibrary
The day of the escape:
The Jewish prisoners had noticed a decrease in the number of transports to Sobibor. This could mean only one thing to the prisoners - They would soon be killed. Soviet-Jewish POW Alexander Pechersky led the revolt. Pechersky and his fellow prisoners, killed 11 SS men but this was discovered before they could kill more. 300 of the 600 prisoners made it out of the camp under constant fire. Only between 50-58 survived the war, around 10 female - Selma being one of them.
Thanks to Hannah for the blog post and for the Wiener library for publishing.
Text and photo - ASG
Blog text - Thanks to Hannah Wilson
Birkenau was the largest of the more than 40 camps and sub-camps that made up the Auschwitz complex. During its three years of operation, it had a range of functions. When construction began in October 1941, it was supposed to be a camp for 125 thousand prisoners of war. It opened as a branch of Auschwitz in March 1942, and served at the same time as a center for the extermination of the Jews. In its final phase, from 1944, it also became a place where prisoners were concentrated before being transferred to labor in German industry in the depths of the Third Reich.
The majority—about 90%—of the victims of Auschwitz Concentration Camp died in Birkenau. This means approximately a million people. The majority, more than nine out of every ten, were Jews. A large proportion of the more than 70 thousand Poles who died or were killed in the Auschwitz complex perished in Birkenau. So did approximately 20 thousand Gypsies, in addition to Soviet POWs and prisoners of other nationalities. #brutal#genocide#evil#death#hell#nazi#nazis#poland#aushwitz#auschwitzbirkenau#birkenau#deathcamp#deathcamps#extreme#history#kill#rip#pow#prison#memorial#museum#tourist#tourism#tourisme#europe#europetravel#euro#eurotrip#train#traintracks
Testimony of Ignacy Stopka, prisoner number 86261.
The testimony was given on 28th October 1964 in Oświęcim. Stopka was deported to Auschwitz in January 1943. He played the clarinet and he was the member of the orchestra in the camp.
On Christmas Eve of 1944 we went to see the prisoners in the Erziehungshäftlinge camp. When we started playing Polish songs, the crying of prisoners was louder than the music. In that very moment we felt that our music is needed, that it allowed everybody to forget about the sad reality.
In the picture you can see a drawing by Auschwitz prisoner Mieczysław Kościelniak. The camp orchestra had to play when the commandos were leaving for work in the mornings and when they were returning to the camp, carrying the bodies of people who died during the work. The picture is the courtesy of National Archives.
Tonight I achieve one of my biggest goals and that's to do a live session with DEATH CAMP! You guys have no idea how stoked I am to bring in my filthiest set! It's been long awaited for this madness to come out. Get ready to have your bass face melted. Btw swipe to see a cute pic of me 😜😈
Testimony of Maria Mazurkiewicz, Auschwitz prisoner number 43539
She was deported to the camp on 29th April 1943.
December and January 1943. Those months were horrible for so many reasons. Those piles of bodies, because the Nazis couldn’t keep up with the burning; those piles were as tall as our Blocks. The bodies filled the barracks from the floor to the roof. On Christmas they said we will have a Christmas tree, they ordered the orchestra to play with all those bodies in the background. I will never forget it. That Christmas tree, that orchestra and the bodies up to the roof. It was something horrible. Then of course the bodies were burnt, when the worst wave of pandemics was over, but I will never forget that Christmas.
In the picture you can see a painting by Jan Komski – the prisoner of Auschwitz number 152884 – ‘An SS Christmas Tree Ornament: A Corpse’. The pic is the courtesy of Florida Holocaust Memorial Museum.