Indian One Horned Rhinoceros (IUCN: Vulnerable)/(Trivandrum Zoo)
The greater one-horned rhinoceros, is native to the Indian subcontinent. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, as populations are fragmented and restricted to less than 20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi). Moreover, the extent and quality of the rhino's most important habitat, alluvial grassland and riverine forest, is considered to be in decline due to human and livestock encroachment. As of 2008, a total of 2,575 mature individuals were estimated to live in the wild.
Binomial name: Rhinoceros unicornis
Ancestral rhinoceroses first diverged from other perissodactyls in the Early Eocene. Mitochondrial DNA comparison suggests the ancestors of modern rhinos split from the ancestors of Equidae around 50 million years ago.The extant family, the Rhinocerotidae, first appeared in the Late Eocene in Eurasia, and the ancestors of the extant rhino species dispersed from Asia beginning in the Miocene.
Fossils of R. unicornis appear in the Middle Pleistocene. In the Pleistocene, the genus Rhinoceros ranged throughout South and Southeast Asia, with specimens located on Sri Lanka.
The thick skin does not protect against bloodsucking Tabanus flies, leeches and ticks. The thick skin does not protect against bloodsucking Tabanus flies, leeches and ticks. Adult male Indian rhinos are usually solitary. Groups consist of females with calves, or of up to six subadults. Dominant males tolerate males passing through their territories except when they are in mating season, when dangerous fights break out. In captivity, four rhinos are known to have lived over 40 years, the oldest living to be 47.
JELLYFISH have roamed the seas for at least 500 MILLION years and possibly more😮. Being extremely adaptive they are one of the oldest multi-organ animal to live on our planet. There are hundreds of jelly species from tiny few cm ones to massive 2 meter big ones and most sting via millions of tiny needles piercing the skin of its prey and injecting various potency venom. We will be featuring some of the most interesting species at some point so stay tuned😊. #jellyfish
The River Horse (IUCN status : Vulnerable)
Common hippopotamus is a large, mostly herbivorous, semiaquatic mammal native to sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only 2 extant species in family Hippopotamidae, other is pygmy hippo. The name comes from ancient Greek for "river horse". It is the heaviest extant artiodactyl. Despite resemblance to pigs & other even-toed ungulates, closest living relatives of Hippopotamidae are cetaceans (whales, dolphins, etc.) from which they diverged abt 55 million years ago.
Binomial: Hippopotamus amphibius
They inhabit rivers, lakes, mangrove swamps, territorial bulls preside over a stretch of river & groups of 5-30 females and young. During day, they remain cool by staying in water/mud; reproduction and childbirth both occur in water. They emerge at dusk to graze on grasses. While they rest near each other in water, hippos are not territorial on land. They are among the most dangerous animals in world since highly aggressive and unpredictable. They are threatened by habitat loss, poaching for meat & ivory canine teeth. canines & incisors are for combat has no role in feeding. They use broad lips to grasp & pull grasses which are ground by molars. Has a complex 3-chambered stomach but does not "chew cud". Their skin(6cm thick) secretes 2 types of natural redcolored acidic substance, often referred as "blood sweat" but is initially colourless. Process of surfacing & breathing is subconscious: a hippo sleeping underwater will rise & breathe without waking up. A hippo closes its nostrils when it submerges into the water. Speed:8km/h (water),30km/h(land). Lifespan:40-50 years.source: Wikipedia
In some cool shit I haven’t yet uploaded, here’s fellow travel buddy @mel08y getting charged at by an elephant 🏃🏼♀️🐘 Excuse my shaky camera skills, I was literally running for my life 👏🏼
1,2,3) The Black Death (African Buffalo)
4) Indian Bison
The African/ Cape Buffalo is not an ancestor of domestic cattle & is distantly related to other larger bovines. Owing to its unpredictable nature, which makes it highly dangerous to humans, hence known as Black Death. African buffalo has never been domesticated, unlike its Asian counterpart(water buffalo). Other than humans, they have few predators aside from lions/large crocs. Being a member of the big 5 game, it is a sought-after trophy in hunting. They are notable for their apparent altruism. Females appear to exhibit some sort of "voting behavior" to decide the direction they think they should move. After an hour of more shuffling, the females travel in direction they decide. This decision is communal and not on hierarchy or dominance. When chased by predators, a herd sticks close & makes it hard for the predators. Calves are gathered in the middle. A buffalo herd responds to the distress call of a captured member and tries to rescue it. Herd is lead by a male bull. Phylum:Chordata ,Class:
Mammalia, Order: Artiodactyla, Family:
Bovidae, Subfamily: Bovinae. Binomial:Syncerus Caffer
Indian Gaur or the Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine and tallest wild cattle. This species is native to S & SE Asia. It has been listed as Vulnerable on IUCN Red List since 1986. In central India, they are most active at night, and are rarely seen in the open after 8 o'clock in the morning. Gaur herds are led by an old adult female, the matriarch. Adult males may be solitary. Where human disturbance is minor, they are very timid & shy despite great size & power. When alarmed, gaur crash into jungle at high speed. But, in SE Asia and S.India, where used to the presence of humans, gaur are said to be very bold and aggressive. Binomial name:Bos Gaurus.
Taking a dive into shark territory. 🦈 Nothing for weaklings. 😰 Tag a friend that loves sharks. 😍❤
Follow 👉 @aestaslifestyle for more awesome nature videos. 😍👌
Cornwall has been given its fair share of big cat sightings from pumas to lions to the popular well known Beast Of Bodmin. But how do these animals survive? How have these big cats thrived the Cornish and Devon countryside since the 1980's when they're used to different ecosystems? Why are sightings so limited?
Its down to evolving behaviour. The big cats must have learnt they were living near built areas where people will be and most big cats are frightened by people. This has lead to possible evolving behaviour helping these large predators stalk silently in the countryside, preying on farm animals and deer.
However, with our towns and villages being close to the countryside, sightings and human contact happens as the big cats potentially travel across Cornwall.
As the Cornish big cats' behaviour evolves to help them survive, its only a matter of time before they become a common piece of wildlife.
@CornwallLive news report here ➡
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