'Ba souls on the astronomical ceiling at Dendera.'
Three souls in the form of human-headed birds inhabit the astronomical ceiling in the outer hypostyle hall of the Hathor Temple at Dendera.
The ceiling consists of seven separate strips but here we are looking at a detail of the lower register of the FIRST STRIP EAST from centre. This ceiling strip deals with the daily voyage of the sun god across the sky and for everyone of the twelve hours the sun is depicted in its bark
The lower register of this strip is inhabited by figures who protect or help the sun during its voyage, such as the three bird-souls in this picture.
Egyptian ideas about the afterlife were complex. A deceased person would not simple become a single soul, but several different spiritual entities. There was for instance the 'ka', that could be nurtured with food and beverages during offerings. Another was the 'ach' an enlightened spirit that woke up in a kind of earthly paradise during the night and that in bodily form could perform ordinary tasks such as farming. And then there was the 'ba', a soul that could roam about in the real world during daytime in the form of a bird.
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Caryatid is a standing female sculpture carrying an entablature on her head. The most well-known caryatids are the six supporting the Porch’s roof of the Erechtheion, a temple lying in the north of the Acropolis and honouring Athena and Poseidon. Back in early 19th century, one among them was removed by a Scottish nobleman, survived a wreck, successfully transferred to Scotland, used as one of his mansion’s decorations, then sold to the British Museum, where it has been in display. The other five have been put on a special balcony of the Acropolis Museum, for visitors to see them from all sides. “Legend had it that the other five could be heard weeping in the night” (The New York Times). Photo of the remaining caryatids captured in sun setting light by myself, April 2016.
#Roman Marble #Statue of a Draped #Woman .Ex-private American collection, Los Angeles, ca. 1970.
This statue is carved from a beautiful white marble with gray veins. The surface of the stone retains its brilliance, and the high quality of the carving is apparent. The statue and its elliptical base are carved from a single piece of stone, which is unusual for this period. It is probable that the forearms and head were also carved from this same piece of marble, as there is no trace of any metal tenon which would have been used to join different pieces of stone.
The statue, which is close to life size, is of a standing woman, completely clothed and in a frontal pose. The details of the statue are beautifully rendered, especially in the carving of her back. The woman’s pose is steady: she places her weight on her left leg, with her right slightly bent and positioned off to the side, so that only the tip of her sandal touches the ground. The statue is dressed in a typically #Greek style, wearing two garments: a thin, ankle-length #chiton with a high neckline, fastened at the shoulders and the arms (note in particular the clasps on the right side which have been carefully sculpted); and a wool himation (cloak) over her arms, back and left shoulder, from where it descends in a cascade of vertical folds; in front, a large fold of the #himation is pulled back towards her left elbow, where it falls, forming zig-zagged folds. She wears sandals with thin leather soles and a thong between her toes. Despite a certain structural and stylistic rigidity, this statue is of remarkable artistic quality: the proportions of the body were rendered with precision and the pose is very natural and charming. #Sculptures such as these were created by Roman artisans in imitation of famous Greek examples from the Classical period (the treatment of the folds on the bust are similar, for example, to the #Polykleitan#Hera of #Argos , an excellent copy of which is currently in Boston) and the Hellenistic period (cf., for example the statue of #Themis of Rhamnote).#fashion#beauty#antiquities#art#custodians#phoenixancientart
Dr. Kipp Davis will participate in the "Manuscripts from the Margins" conference hosted at Macquarie University (September 20-22, 2018). He will deliver a paper on the Azusa Pacific University forgery, DSS F.153 (Deut 8), with a special focus on the issues of carbon dating and authentication. On Saturday he will also lead off the public program with a talk entitled, “Fan Fiction: Evangelicalism, Inerrency and the Marketplace for Modern-day Relic Hunters." #bible#deadseascrolls#forgeries#antiquities
'Lions, snakes and a sphinx on astronomical ceiling at Dendera.'
Snakes and lions in all kind of forms populate the astronomical ceiling in the outer hypostyle hall of the Hathor Temple at Dendera. The ceiling consists of seven separate strips but here we are looking at a detail of the upper register of the second strip west from centre.
The right hand of the picture shows a sphinx reclining on a pedestal and the caption above him tells us that he is the 'ka' (life force) of the sun god Ra.
The rest of the figures in this photo represent decans.
Decans were essentially 36 stars or star groups near the ecliptic whose rise or transit could be used to tell the time during the night. Eventually they were also used by astronomers as place-markers in the sky to divide up the Ecliptic in equal portions.
Decans first appear during the Middle Kingdom on the inside of coffin lids, providing the deceased with his own private start clock. Unfortunately, during the subsequent centuries many different lists of decanal stars were developed and very few of these stars can be identified on a modern star map.
The decans in this register were listed by Neugebauer and Parker as belonging to the Seti I B decan family. A peculiarity of these decans is that each is associated with a certain mineral, metal or type of wood. It is mentioned in a little caption near the lower part of each figure. Thus the group of snakes represent decan number 3 and is paired off with garnet. The lion-headed seated goddess next to them is decan no. 4 and is associated with glass and gold. And the lion-headed god holding a wadjet eye, no.4a, is coupled with turquoise and gold.
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'The waxing moon and the Eye of Horus at Dendera.'
This forceful image of the moon on a pillar, decorated with the "healed eye" of Horus, can be found on the astronomical ceiling of the outer hypostyle hall in the Hathor Temple at Dendera.
The astronomical ceiling consists of seven separate strips but here we are looking at a detail of the first strip west from centre.
The deities in this picture form part of a panel that deals with the waxing moon and which is located at the middle of the strip.
According to Egyptian mythology Horus lost his eye during a battle with Seth (the murderer of his father Osiris) and the eye (called 'Wadjet') was subsequently healed by Thoth, who is portrayed at the right-hand side of the picture.
The destruction and healing of the eye was symbolically coupled by the ancient Egyptians to the waning and waxing of the moon.
To the left of the moon are 14 stairs with gods who refer to the 14 days leading up to the full "healed" moon.
From right to left they are Min (1), Atum (2), Shu (3), Tefnut (4), Geb (5), Nut (6), Osiris (7), Isis (8), Horus (9), Nephtys (10), Hathor (11), Horus (12), Tanenet (13) and Iunit (14). #Ancient#AncientEgypt#Pharaoh#Civilization#Temples#Museum#History#VisitEgypt#ägypten#Egipto#Egitto#Luxor#Cairo#Aswan#Hurghada#SharmElshekh#Travel#Discovery#Mummy#Tombs#Antiquities#Egyptology#DenderaTemple#HathorTemple#BirthHouseMammisi#GoddessNut#GodIhy#Roman#Cleopatra#Trajan
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J'ai acheté ce tableau il n'y a pas longtemps la toile est un peu abîmé avec le temps c'est un toile original pour tout de personne intéressé vous pouvez me contactez !