Anne Sauer, Director of the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, attended the opening of WOMEN EMPOWERED last week to share the medallions and the Chevalier of the Order of the Crown, which were awarded to Martha Van Rensselaer and Flora Rose for their work aiding war-stricken Belgium after WWI. Sauer shared the story of the medals with visitors, including CHE Interim Dean Rachel Dunifon! The dress MVR wore to meet the Queen of Belgium in 1923 is on display in WOMEN EMPOWERED. Check out the post on our blog by CHE archivist Eileen Keating (posted March 19, 2018), which explains the important work MVR and Flora Rose conducted in post-war Belgium 🇧🇪 #frontlinefashions#marthavanrensselaer#florarose#iamhumec#wwi 📸 @simon.d.wheeler
29 October 1914, Black Sea- The incident that urged the Ottoman empire to enter World War I. After the signing of the treaty of alliance with Germany, the Ottoman empire had allowed two of the Germany battleships to anchour in Black Sea. The battle ships were Goeben and Breslau who was navigated by Wilhem Souchoun. The Ottoman military officers who were stationed at the Black Sea disguised the battleships by using the Turkish names in order to obsecure the Allies from detecting them.
But, on 29 October 1914, these battleships were bombarding on the Russian fleet who was entered and anchoured in at Sevastopool, the Black Sea. The Russians were blaming on the Ottoman empire of giving the access for the Germans to control the Black Sea. On 2 November 1914- Russia declared war on the Ottoman empire. The rest of the Allied nations such as Britain and France declared war on the Ottoman empire on 5 November 1914 due to the insistence of the Ottoman not to expel the Germans from the Black Sea.
The Ottoman empire was officially engaged in bloodiest war. #history#sejarah#turkey#wwi#wwii#worldwari#worldwarii#britain#france#russia
Marilyn Monroe performing for the thousands of American troops in Korea.
In February 1954, actress Marilyn Monroe traveled to Korea to entertain the American troops. She performed a quickly thrown-together show titled Anything Goes to audiences which totaled over 100,000 troops over 4 days. Then tour was also a chance for the film star to overcome a degree of stage fright. She remarked that the Korea trip “was the best thing that ever happened to me. I never felt like a star before in my heart. It was so wonderful to look down and see a fellow smiling at me”.
"Celem niniejszego opracowania jest znalezienie odpowiedzi na pytanie o kształt współczesnych norm prawa zwyczajowego, jeśli chodzi o zakaz użycia siły zbrojnej i ewentualne wyjątki od tego zakazu. [...]
W szczególności należy znaleźć odpowiedź na następujące problemy badawcze: Czy istnieje norma prawa zwyczajowego zabraniająca użycia siły zbrojnej, a jeśli tak, to jaki jest jej kształt? Czy obok art. 51 KNZ [Karty Narodów Zjednoczonych] istnieje norma prawa zwyczajowego regulująca prawo do samoobrony, a jeśli tak, to jaka jest jej treść? Czy istnieją inne normy prawa zwyczajowego, które regulują użycie siły zbrojnej i ustanawiają dodatkowe, oprócz prawa do samoobrony, wyjątki od zakazu użycia siły na rzecz jednostronnych interwencji przeprowadzonych przez państwa? Jeśli takie normy istnieją, celem pracy będzie zidentyfikowanie ich treści". A. Kleczkowska, ze "Wstępu"
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Certified Bad-Ass!😎🇺🇸 On #ThisDayinHistory 1782, General George Washington, creates the “Badge for Military Merit,” now known as the Purple Heart. The badge was to be presented to soldiers for “any singularly meritorious action” and permitted its wearer to pass guards and sentinels without challenge. The honoree’s name and regiment were also to be inscribed in a “Book of Merit.” The Order of the Purple Heart, the oldest American military decoration for military merit, is awarded to members of the U.S. armed forces who have been killed or wounded in action against an enemy. It is also awarded to soldiers who have suffered maltreatment as a prisoner of war. This particular Purple Heart was awarded to Tobias Frazier, a Choctaw Indian code talker during World War I. #PurpleHeartDay#CodeTalker#WWI#america#USHistory#history - #regrann @Regran_ed from @tharmiz_design #military#president#Marines#General
The Battle of Zborov was part of the last major Russian offensive during the Great War, the Kerensky Offensive, when the no longer imperial and not yet communist Russia, which was strongly influenced by revolutionary and anti-war thinking, was desperately trying to create a success on the frontline and prevent another revolution. More than three and a half thousand soldiers of the 1st Czechoslovak Rifle Brigade, under the command of the Russian Colonel Vyacheslav Platonovich Trojanov, stormed Austro-Hungarian positions on the 2nd July 1917, they captured three enemy defensive lines and took three thousand three hundred enemy combatants captive. Even though Czechoslovaks suffered casualties of more than 25%, their success was one of the few positive outcomes of the failed Russian offensive. The Battle of Zborov had significant political effects and it helped to improve the negotiating position of Czechoslovaks and with them also other nations that lived within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. For Czechoslovaks, the Battle and other engagements of Czechoslovak Legions in Russia, France and Italy, had a state-building character and also thanks to them Czechoslovakia could be established.
Tyne-Tees Steam Shipping Company Ltd. acquired a new passenger ship in 1910, the Stephen Furness. She weighed in at 1,700 tons, was 290 ft in length and could make 14 knots. Service was uneventful for Furness until the year 1914, which of course began WWI. The Royal Navy decided to requisition her to become an armed merchant cruiser (although weapons aren’t exactly specified). During the war, her service was still relatively uneventful, only stopping the occasional freighter that seemed suspicious. It wasn’t until December 13th, 1917 when she was steaming along in the middle of the Irish Sea when things became ‘eventful’. Walter Gude’s UB-64 Sry up position and fired a single torpedo which slammed into Furness’ starboard side, between the bridge and the funnel. She began settling by the bow immediately and the crew began to lower the lifeboats to abandon ship. Before any could be launched, Stephen Furness suddenly plunged to the bottom, taking with her 101 of her crew. #wwi#ww1#worldwarone#worldwar1#worldwari#uboat#british#armedmerchantcruiser#royalnavy#navy#1910#1917#2018#irishsea#tragedy#lestweforget#stephenfurness
The Ottoman Empire acquired a brand new, and incredibly large, ironclad in 1875. She was the Mesudiye (Photos 2,3), weighing in at 8,900 tons, 330 ft in length and made 13.7 knots; armed with twelve 10 inch and three 7 inch guns. Although she was brand new during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877, the navy never saw any real action. In the intervening years, Mesudiye and the rest of the major units laid untouched for 20 years until the Greco-Turkish War of 1897. By this point, they were in such bad condition that Mesudiye was unable to participate in the fighting. Instead of scrapping this obsolete ironclad, funds were made to essentially gut her, taking out the superstructure, engines, screws and guns. Once completed (Photos 1,4,5,6,7), she was more like an pre-dreadnought type battleship (although was still known as an ironclad). She now weighed in at 9,250 tons, had new speed of 16 knots; armed with two 9 inch, twelve 6 inch and fourteen 3 inch guns. The renewed vigor of Mesudiye saw her join the fleet once more as a capital ship, however saw no action during the Italo-Turkish War, but in the ending months of 1912 (which was still in wartime) the Balkan Wars began. On December 16th, 1912, the Ottoman fleet attempted to force the Dardanelles that was being blockaded by heavy units of the Royal Hellenic Navy. The Battle of Elli began at 9:30 AM when 3 Greek ironclads and the armored cruiser Georgios Averof. As the shots were exchanged, the Averof took up a lone position on the opposite side of the Ottomans, catching them in a cross fire which withered many of the heavier Ottoman ships. Around 10:20 AM, the Ottoman Navy was making best speed back in the Dardanelles with Mesudiye covering the back. Later on January 18th of 1913, the Ottoman Fleet set out again to meet the Hellenic Fleet which resulted in the Battle of Lemnos at 11:55 AM. Georgios Averof was present once again and kept the Ottomans on their toes by maneuvering into a flanking position. This threw the formation off and in the mix of the action, Mesudiye took a serious hit from an 8 inch shell that destroyed some of her 6 inch guns and damaged her boiler room. ((Continues below👇👇👇))
Hearts broken for what - Arthur Rae
To watch this video go to: http://future.arts.monash.edu/onehundredstories/hearts-broken-for-what/
World War One: A History in 100 Stories
The “One Hundred Stories” project has been designed to capture community memories of World War One.
The One Hundred Stories are stories that have not been told before. They highlight the experiences of women as well as men, recover the too often forgotten contribution of Indigenous Australians, and emphasise the ongoing cost of war to the community as a whole.
The stories remember not just the men and women who lost their lives but also those who returned to Australia, the gassed, the crippled, the insane, all those irreparably damaged by war. The Great War shaped the world as well as the nation. Its memory belongs to us all.
This project was created by Monash University, and has now been turned into a book! We are going to share these stories with you, one at a time... #wwi#worldwarone#worldwaronecentenary#monasharts
#repost @zulufucxs with (@get_repost) “To die from a bullet seems to be nothing; parts of our being remain intact; but to be dismembered, then to pieces, reduced to pulp, this is the fear that flesh cannot support and which is fundamentally the great suffering of the bombardment. Men were squashed. Cut in two or divided from top to bottom. Blown into showers; bellies turned inside out; skulls forced into the chest as if by a bow from a club. You eat beside the dead; you drink beside the dead, you relieve yourself beside the dead and sleep beside the dead. People will read that the front line was Hell. How can you begin to know what that one word — Hell — means.” - Unknown French Soldier, diary entry conditions in Verdun, France 1916. #ww1#reality#war#wwi#zerofoxtrot#stayzero