A cidade conservadora do Peru que cogitou mudar sua bandeira por semelhança com símbolo LGBT
As #bandeiras do #ArcoIris espalhadas por diversas partes da cidade de #Cusco , no #Peru , costumam atrair a atenção dos turistas que visitam a antiga capital do #ImpérioInca . Para muitos, elas passam a imagem de uma região liberal, pois remetem ao movimento #gay . No entanto, o símbolo nada tem a ver com um possível apoio à comunidade #LGBTT .
A história da bandeira de Cusco teve início na década de 1940, relata o historiador peruano #LuisLumbreras . Na época, #HugoFlores , responsável por organizar diversos eventos tradicionais na cidade, apresentou o símbolo com sete faixas, cada uma representando uma cor do arco-íris. "Ele afirmou que existia uma bandeira do mesmo jeito durante o período #Tahuantinsuyo [modo como era denominado o império #Inca ]", diz à #BBCNewsBrasil .
Conforme estudos arqueológicos e históricos, o arco-íris era considerado uma das principais divindades dos Incas, civilização andina que tinha Cusco como sua capital e teve seu império extinto em 1532. #ElectraMag
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In 1532 the last Emperor of the Inca empire "Atahualpa" was resting in the area outside Cajamarca known as Pultumarca, famous for its medicinal rock pools with subterranean mineral water. He was camping there with 30 000 followers settled around him. He was celebrating his victory and the end of the civil war with his brother Huascar. Among his followers there were priests, musicians, dancers and of course, a big and faithful army.
He was very aware about the foreigners in his land and had sent messages and golden gifts to Pizarro and company while they continued to explore below what we now call Panama. He was not afraid of them, not even when they came into his presence and tried to intimidate him with their horses. He did not move. They insulted him, called him a dog, but still he refused to acknowledge them as an authority. With the help of translators he offered to meet their leader the next day.
Pizarro and Soto took this opportunity to convince him to do it without weapons and he agreed "in good faith".
The Spanish man then attacked the emperor and his 5000 unarmed followers. It was a masacre. People would voluntarily sacrifice themselves in order to protect the sacred son of the sun because in the Inca cosmovision the afterlife was as important as this life.
Atahualpa was captured and held hostage for a long time in which he learned to speak Spanish and to play chess. He offered as his own rescue a room full "as high as his hand could reach" once of gold and twice of silver. The Spanish conquerors (more like traitors) collected the rescue brought by the inca followers from all corners of the Tahuantinsuyo.
Atahualpa was then accused of blasphemy and murdered in the name of God and the Spanish crown to the horror of the whole Inca empire.
After that the most powerful empire of america became just a shadow, a memory that we so desperately try to preserve. A hurtful nostalgia of fields filled with enough food for two million people that were among the best dressed, the most educated and the happiest of the continent. 💔If this is progress then I rather be primitive. 💔
Desde aguas calientes a #machupichu
Historias reales de un imperio Dividido y destruido , Manco- Capac fundador del Cuzco , quien jamas pensó que al dejar a sus dos hijos gobernando el #tahuantinsuyo ...seria el fin de su imperio !!!
"You Spaniards defeated me not by the force of arms but through pretty words". Let us not forget the words of Lord Manco Inca Yupanqui, and let us not speak of history in skewed terms for the benefit of the colonizers. The popular myth of a few hundred brave white men, who fought hordes of "merciless savages" with only God and glory behind them, is patently false. Diseases cultivated by hundreds of years of European hygienic malpractice, played the most significant factor in the destruction of Native American societies, compared to disease, the often touted advancement of European weaponry (all of which was culturally diffused) is statistically irrelevant. And yet, how many are aware that Manco Yupanqui: emperor of my ancestoral kingdom; Tahuantinsuyo, considered the so called "conqueror of the Incas" Francisco Pizzaro, a close and personal friend? In the only first hand document from the Incan perspective of the Spanish conquest, it is recorded through a series of letters between Manco and Pizarro, that Manco held a deep respect and love for Francisco Pizzaro, only to be ultimately betrayed, and imprisoned for ransom by the Pizzaro clan. When the Spaniards entered the captial of Tahuantinsuyo, they did so, not as conquerors who bravely fought their way through, but as cowards who were ushured in as beloved and honored quests, who in their greed betrayed Lord Manco, in order to achieve as much gold and treasures as they could. Lord Manco Inca Yupanqui is not ambiguous in his words, he wanted us to know, that the South American kingdom of Tahuantinsuyo, was defeated soley because of our humbleness, love, and trust for the new race which we, runa (people) encountered in the year 1530.
Written by: @IndigenousPride
#Source : An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru by Titu Cusi Yupanqui.
Fellow Ecuadorian writer and friend Jonathan (@Amerindian_1491) once wrote a thought provoking piece comparing what it means to be a "cholo" in Mexican culture to what the identity means to South Americans as well as his own experiences with both identities as a native South American man living amongst a Mexican "cholo" dominated culture in California. Because I've taken inspiration from Amerindian's writing I decided to name this sister-writing "Cholas vs Cholas", and also because I'm afraid of his lawyers. In Mexican and South American culture, the words "chola" and "cholo" denotes Native American heritage, in the Mexican usage, this reference is more abstract, as for them, the cholo identity could be described more as a mestizo oriented United Statesian subculture, as the identity also includes an urban style of dress, speaking, and customs. For South Americans cholo is much less ambiguous, originating first as a concept describing a person of at least 75% Native heritage, the term has come to mean a person predominantly or completely of Native American descent. Unlike the Mexican cholos, the cholos of Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia are identified by their traditional and rural manner of dressing, compared to the modern and urban clothing worn by Mexican cholos. Mexican and South American "cholas" and "cholos" have had that word used derogatorily against them by outsiders as well as their own people, with Mexican cholo culture being associated with violence, and gang culture and South American cholo culture being associated with poverty, and backwardness. However the core fact remains that for many in the Indigenous American diaspora, cholo/a identity; is their Indigenous identity, as we continue to uncover our roots and diffuse our cultures with each other I wonder what a hybridized chola culture would look like, one where the reclaiming and practicing of indigenous heritage is at the forefront of the culture but also free in it's right to be modern, and advance with our ever changing world and circumstances.
Written by: @IndigenousPride
Original Post by: @Amerindian_1491