Código aberto (em ingles: open source) é um modelo de desenvolvimento criado em 1998, que promove o licenciamento livre para o design ou esquematização de um produto, e a redistribuição universal desses, com a possibilidade de livre consulta, examinação ou modificação do produto, sem a necessidade de pagar uma licença comercial, promovendo um modelo colaborativo de produção intelectual.
O termo "código aberto" foi popularizado pela Open Source Initiative (OSI), que se difere de um software livre por não seguir as quatro liberdades definidas pela Fundação de Programas Livres (do inglês: Free software Foundation- FSF),
que são também compartilhadas pelo projeto debian. Qualquer licença de software livre é também uma licença de código aberto (open source), mas o contrário não é necessariamente verdade
After a few years of designing, 3D printing and a lot of downtime in-between, my back-scratching arm hardware is finally ready. All I need to do now is dial in the software for a more pleasant back-scratching experience, and then I'll be ready to lie down under it and enjoy hours of back-scratching.
The grey box you see there is just a power bank. The controller is inside the white cylinder body, and is autonomous, performing pre-programmed and/or random motions of the arm.
I've started building a community of volunteer code maintainers. Our aim will be to help with the maintenance of any popular but unmaintained open source project so they don't languish.
I'm currently writing a website to explain the goal and to allow both volunteers and project authors to easily manage their repositories.
@fashioned.by.nature was founded by the @lcflondon_ MA Fashion Futures graduate duo Maryssa Cook-Obregón and Laure Fernandez. They have exhibited their work at the @wellcomecollection and their bioplastics featured in the Future Fabrics Expo’s innovation section by @thesustainableangle in January.
“Coming across ‘Recipes for Material Activism’ while we were in the midst of developing biomaterials on our own as master’s students was as resourceful as it was encouraging. Its clear and beautifully designed layout also showed us how even unconventional looking biomaterials can be presented in an aesthetically compelling form.” (Fashioned by Nature)
3D Printed Gun Controversy-Open Resource Design and Democratizing Manufacturing
Although Defense Distributed was demanded to take down the file, it is still available on sharing websites like Pirate Bay. There are no boundaries in the world of Internet. The downloaded files can be shared and send which make it impossible to trace as they circulated around the world. Hence, everyone can have access to this resource.
The fact that worried the opponents is exactly the reason why the advocates support the publication of downloadable files. Advocates defend the liberty to disclose information, which should not be halted by labeling them as dangers and threats.
Makers believed that giving access to a broader public of specialized knowledge and tools is the way to realize democratizing manufacturing. Defense Distributed believes that providing a downloadable design blueprint is the way to the practice. Open source design promotes sharing resources, not only software for UI/UX designs but also schemes for constructing 3D models, to encourage the development and improvement. With the circulation and popularization of technical information, more manufacturers and designers can devote to research and development.
Opened design resources, easy access to equipment and materials and knowledge acquired form Internet shortened the distance between manufacturers and consumers. The public and makers are considered to be amateurs in manufacturing industry. However, the more knowledge people gain, the more power people possess to make decision and to take actions.
In the era of digitalization, the democratization of technology, of information, and of manufacturing enabled consumers to participate more directly in the improvement and the development of the products they used.
Heute gibt’s einen kleinen Nerd-Post! Wer also nichts mit Programmierung und Co. Tun hat oder haben möchte, darf gerne weiterscrollen 😁🙈
Ich bin nämlich vor ein paar Tagen durch einen Kollegen auf das #hacktoberfest gestoßen. Das ist eine Aktion auf #github , bei der es darum geht seinen Beitrag zu Open Source Projekt zu leisten und dieser wunderbaren Community etwas zurück zu geben. Als Kreative in der Onlinewelt lieben wir es doch alle, wenn wir ein neues Super-Tool finden, welches wir kostenlos nutzen können. .
Ich nutze beispielsweise gerne große Icon-Sets, die stetig weiterentwickelt werden oder natürlich Frameworks wie Bootstrap 😍
Zuerst dachte ich, dass ich als Designer vermutlich nicht wirklich etwas zu solchen Projekten beitragen könne, da Ruby on Rails und Co. Böhmische Wälder für mich sind 😂 .
Mein Kollege belehrte mich jedoch eines besseren, denn es gibt nicht nur Feature-Projekte sondern eben auch Designthemen oder Übersetzungslücken, bei denen Entwickler auf der ganzen Welt Hilfe brauchen.
Und siehe da, ich habe nicht nur ein Formular und einen Footer in zwei verschiedenen Projekten verbessert, sondern auch 4 neue Icons zu meinem Lieblingsiconset zur Freigabe eingereicht 😍😍 und ganz nebenbei kann ich jetzt selbstbewusst ein Repo forken, einen Branch öffnen und einen Pull-Request erstellen 💪💪💪
Jetzt eine Frage an alle Nerds in meinem Netzwerk: Seid ihr dabei? Und für alle Designer: wie steht ihr zum Thema Open Source? Habt ihr Tool-Tipps oder habt ihr sogar eigene Open Source Projekte?
3D Printed Gun Controversy- Are We Making A Mountain Out of A Molehill?
Remember the joke that anyone can make a bomb if one knows how to use Google Search? Not so funny anymore. Now we got the “Wiki Weapon” that can be downloaded from the Internet.
Defense Distributed had released the free blueprint of 3D printed gun, Liberator, in CAD files on the website, and then was removed due to the violation of regulation in 2013. Defense Distributed went for law remedies and reached a settlement in June, 2018, republishing the file but soon be banned by a federal judge in July.
Gun regulations in countries where owning gun is legal were set to prevent abuses and crimes concern firearms. It is legal in some states in the United States to make and to possess homemade firearm for personal use. That is, no manufacturing and commercial activities are involved unless you have the license. These weapons are not registered or serialized, which are known to be the so-called ghost gun. Concerns are that these 3D printed plastic guns will be untraceable since it cannot be detected by metal sensors even though they were assembled with metal firing pins and bullets.
In fact, weapon tutorials for crossbows, slingshots, pipe guns and even trebuchet are available. People have been making homemade weapons long before Maker movement and the first 3D printer existed. Why fears of the public were suddenly triggered by this issue again?
People do have qualms about 3D printed weapons in the past. Then they realized that most people can neither afford those machines nor know how to use them to build what they want. However, with the advance of manufacturing technology, machines like desktop computer numerical control (CNC) mills and desktop 3D printers are getting smaller, cheaper and easier to operate. Actually, the most crucial problem is the design blueprint and the knowhow of manufacturing a gun.
@andreasref about this year’s installation at @chart_artfair: "The interaction we created is very playful, but it also hints at a society where, to an increasing degree, we will track people’s emotions and make systems that respond to a computer’s interpretations of them." What does that say about the direction in which society is going?
How—and why—would you teach computers to read emotions in the first place? We asked interaction designer @andreasref—a seasoned practitioner of making machine learning playful, and the SPACE10 resident responsible for conceptualising and implementing face tracking as the key to creating our ‘emotionally-aware’ pavilion during @chart_artfair. Link in bio.
A room with a view.
...A Growroom that is!
Taken at the Electric Picnic last weekend in Global Green - thanks for the picture @devynosireland ! @globalgreenatep
See our previous post for more on the Growroom
Thank you for the 2018 edition, @chart_artfair. Here's our pavillion in collaboration with @studio.sl and @andreasref glowing in the courtyard of @kunsthalcharlottenborg.
Pictures by @niklasvindelev
It’s exciting to see the potential that maker-spaces, FabLabs and open source design and technology can bring to communities and the positive movements they contribute to.
Here’s an open source beehive -the Colorado Top Bar- ‘bee’ing made in WeCreate FabLab in Cloughjordan, Ireland. To be showcased next weekend in the Global Green at Ireland’s largest music festival “The Electric Picnic” @globalgreenatep. GROW Observatory will be there with our FabLab fabricated GROW Room, more pictures to come, but come and visit!
Of course it goes without saying how important the role of the pollinator in our ecosystem is; so, for example, if community-led beekeeping were to be established in every small town, village and city this would have a tremendous impact!