Australopithecus africanus is the first of an early ape-form species to be classified as hominin. Recently it was dated as living between 3.3 and 2.1 million years ago. A. africanus had a cranium which quite closely resembled that of a modern chimpanzee; both brains measure about 400 cc to 500 cc and probably presented an ape-like intelligence. A. africanus had a pelvis that would enable more efficient bipedalism than that of A. afarensis.
But basically there was this belief that brain size grew first and then we learnt to walk. But now that's been debunked.
There was clear Evolutionary Pressure on our direct ancestors to leave the trees & start walking. Change in habitat has to be the chief driver of this. Disappearance of forests, growing grasslands and impending ice age would have forced our ancestors to walk and look for other forms of foods than what we were eating in the trees. Soon after we started to walk, there is evidence of hunting entering the picture as the chief driver. It's post this giant shift that the most remarkable thing in human evolution started to happen: the vast increase in brain size. A dumb rapidly evolving ape that was forced to hunt to survive started to get smarter. And the smarter it got, the more it perfected the art of hunting, with tools & weapons appearing.
There is clear Anthropological Evidence that bipedal apes EVOLVED off the back of hunting. All our physiological changes post that have been to eat & process animal foods (shorter gut). Until agriculture, that is, which is just 100,000 years old when plant foods came back in our diet as the main driver. Ever since, mankind has been sick - because 100,000 years is too soon to revert back to a gorilla or chimp.
Greg Thomas, a cardiologist from California, with another cardiologist, Adel Allam of Al Azhar University in Cairo have done extensive CT scanning of ancient Egyptian mummies. What they found surprised them: many showed clear signs of fatty buildup in their arteries. When the results are adjusted for age (pre-modern people had shorter life-spans, so most of the remains are of people who died in their 40s or younger), the rate of atherosclerosis was about the same as it is for people in modern society, around 40%. Until then, most researchers had believed that atherosclerosis was largely caused by modern lifestyles. The solution had seemed clear: if we moved more, ate more vegetables and fewer doughnuts, and quit smoking, we would significantly reduce the buildup of the plaques that are a key cause of heart disease. << Of course, this is BULLSHIT.
The Ancient Egyptians had no harmful modern PROCESSED foods, McDonald's and French Fries and Colas - but they not only had heart disease, they had obesity, diabetes and cancer like diseases. Not to mention, terrible teeth and cavities.
Here is something the Ancient Egyptians did have: AGRICULTURE. One of the first civilizations to master the art of farming plants for food.
There is no species on the planet that get Metabolic Diseases like humans do. (A lion & a deer are still eating exactly what they have been eating for millions of years). There is no species on the planet which dramatically shifted its diet from a diet based on hunting to a diet based on agriculture. Agriculture is just 100,000 years old! (8,500 BC – Neolithic Revolution, the first agricultural revolution, begins in the ancient Near East)
Eating hunted meat is at least 4-5 millions years old. Use common sense. Eat your species appropriate diet. Meat. Not farmed plants! 🙄 Or hurry your progress to your grave like the Ancient Egyptians! Your call! 👍
Another WARNING to all out there: be very, very careful about the FAKE ESTABLISHMENT EXPERTS out there who are really clueless about diet & NUTRITION. For instance, "Dr. Rhonda Patrick" - these people have been brought up on the staple "education" of the medical & research establishment, and bring all their biased notions into their "Scientific Opinion" which is mostly all just hot air. These experts are the REASON the entire human race is so clueless about what to eat. These "PHD doctors" have their entire career based on promoting their notions, like Rhonda's love for Sulforaphane & Broccoli, completely ignoring the fact that the ORIGINAL FUNCTION of Sulforaphane is as a NATURAL PESTICIDE, which attacks insects that start to eat broccoli! It's a FREAKING PESTICIDE. And these DELUSIONAL experts promote the eating of such PESTICIDES. Let me reiterate, plants are a toxic cocktail of NATURAL PLANT TOXINS, because plants have no desire to be eaten by animals or insects!
The list of naturally occurring harmful substances in plants is long:
1. Phytates - Grains, Legumes, Nuts
2. Gluten - Wheat
3. Tannins - Wine, Leaves, Fruits, Bark
4. Lectins - Wheat, Beans & just about all plants
5. Oxalates - Beans & a range of leafy greens
6. Saponins - Soyabeans, peas, herbs, vegetables
7. Trypsin inhibitors - Grains, seeds, legumes
8. Amylase Inhibitors - Grains, seeds, legumes
9. Isoflavones (phytoestrogens) - soy, peanuts, chickpeas
10. Solanine (glycoalkaloide poison) - nightshades (potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant), leaves, fruits, tubers
11. Chaconine - Corn, potatoes, tubers
***edit - I use farm raised eggs which are pretty small. If you're using store bought you might want to cut the eggs back to only 2 or 3 depending on size for the cheescake** 🎃🎃
Enjoy & please tag me if you make it and love it ❤ (swipe 👉 for the directions)
Pizza time 🍕🍕
I'm a traditional mozzarella cheese with black olives & pickles.
My husband on the other hand likes mozzarella, cheddar, green onions & little smokies 🙄 thankfully we're both happy just doing half & half 🤣
***edit - I use farm raised eggs which are pretty small. If you're using store bought you might want to cut the eggs back to only 2 or 3 depending on size** Swipe 👉 for the instructions.
Enjoy! Also when you make it PLEASE let me know if you love it!! Next adventure - pumpkin pie inside a cheesecake 🤔😄
We are living in an Ice Age! We just happened to be passing through an interglacial warm period called the Holocene, which kicked in about 100,000 years ago. That period of warmth also coincided with the AGRICULTURAL spurt. But, 100,000 is a blink of an eye in Evolutionary Time. But human evolution by far predates the Holocene. Humans can be dated back to about 2.5 millions years ago. Which perfectly coincides with the onset of the Quarternery Ice Age, also called "the age of the humans." Which means, our greatest Evolutionary Adaptations for survival were baked into us by the ice age! We are children of the ice!
Evolution of the genus Homo and of the adaptations that typify H. sapiens were associated with the largest oscillations in global climate. Icons: (a) hominin origins, (b) habitual bipedality, (c) first stone toolmaking and eating meat/marrow from large animals, (d) onset of long-endurance mobility, (e) onset of rapid brain enlargement, (f) expansion of symbolic expression, innovation, and cultural diversity.
Interestingly... during the first four million years of human evolution, brain size increased very slowly. Encephalization, or the evolutionary enlargement of the brain relative to body size, was especially pronounced over the past 800,000 years, coinciding with the period of strongest climate fluctuation worldwide.
Even more interestingly... hundreds of large mammal species disappeared during the transition from the last glaciation to the present interglacial period, from around 30,000 to 5,000 years ago.
We become humans when there was the least amount of plant foods available for easy foraging, during a sweeping ice age glaciation. And this was also the time when some of the planet's largest animals died out. Join the dots. We EVOLVED to eat meat. Or more likely, meat saved us from extinction. Still think that salad is a good idea?
We always get busy around the Holidays. This year we're going to try to get a jump start on them! ⏰⠀
There are only 33 days until the largest sugar filled Holiday of Halloween! 🎃🍪🎂🍩⠀
Only 55 days until our carb coma feast of Thanksgiving. 🥖🍗🥧⠀
Have you been thinking about getting on the wagon BEFORE all of these temptations hit? I used to be a major carb addict, Thanksgiving was always my favorite holiday pre-keto. ⠀
Guess what? It's still my favorite holiday even after being keto forever. 🎉⠀
Would you like to know why? ⠀
I've learned how to make amazing keto friendly meals, I feel wonderful, and I can easily make the right decisions. Do you want that food freedom? 💪⠀
We have our 4 week program starting Monday Oct 1st, or you can pre-register for our November group and get included in prep-week!
Charles Poliquin (born March 5, 1961) was a Canadian strength coach. He was the author of eight books. He passed away on September 25, 2018.
He trained scores of professional athletes and Olympic medalists, and his methods were widely copied by others. He influenced thousands of clients, coaches, trainers, and readers, and no one was more passionate about weight training.
In other words, AN EXPERT! And jacked as shit at age 57.
NONE OF THAT KEPT HIM FROM DYING AT THAT UNNATURALLY LOW AGE. Keep that in mind, when I tell you, the EXPERTS KNOW NOTHING.
They are keeping the cause of his death hush-hush for now. Because, of course, a lot of money rides on his reputation and his fitness brand, Strength Sensei.
Though Charles, later in life was a strong proponent of the low carb diet, but that's the point, LOW CARB isn't the full picture. He believed just like all the other "low carb" experts that eating plants was just dandy, of course!
We don't have enough information to speculate, but the key takeaway from all this is, how you look on the outside, how much muscle you carry around, no matter "how clean" you eat, don't ASSUME that's automatically going to promote health & longevity. Because, the EXPERTS don't know shit! Muscle isn't the holy grail of Health. If your ASSUMPTION is that broccoli is CLEAN FOOD, you are in trouble. The only thing you should go by are your biomarkers! Numbers don't lie. Track them. Don't think, just cause you are buffed, you are fine. You could just be too young for anything major to manifest.
I track my full blood panel numbers every three months. I know exactly where I am. And let me tell you, giving up eating plant foods has only made them better! Junk the typical ASSUMPTIONS.
ASSUMPTION TO JUNK TODAY: If you exercise, run marathons, weight train, have near zero body fat... you are heathy!
🎃 pumpkin cookies!
They turned out delish (this is from the recipe I posted last weekend).
Making a new buttercream recipe for these shortly. However, I will say they're amazing all by themselves! Share with me how yours turned out if you tried this recipe 👇
You're getting them all rolled together today! We had a recent ATG 101 client share her transformation picture with us after totally kicking butt in our 101 program! So thrilled to see how well she's done with this lifestyle! Not only does she feel amazing, but she got to see a big difference too! Love, Love, Love seeing these results and success!
What's the most iconic piece of the ketogenic diet? Debatable... But I think it's coffee.
Making a keto coffee is usually quite a production - and it's confined to the kitchen counter. Also - the instant keto coffee products that are currently on the market use awful coffee and an absurd amount of powdered fat, and who knows what other ingredients!
Not anymore :) True to Perfect Keto's standards, they just released the best keto-coffee-on-demand solution. It's not just coffee. It's a way to turbocharge your productivity, lift brain fog and support ketosis. Perfect Keto Coffee is packed with powerful antioxidants and energy-boosting caffeine (60mg). The MCT oil brings rich, satiating, brain-boosting, focus-promoting fats to the table, making this the perfect way to start your day.
These are a great addition to your "on-the-go" keto kit!
Who should use this?
People on the keto diet
Professionals and students
People who want a better, all-natural afternoon pick-me-up.
As you know, I'm close with the Perfect Keto team and got us in on the launch party :) 15% off Perfect Keto Instant Keto Coffee single serve 5-packs with code AGAINSTTHEGRAIN
It's all going down until Thursday, September 20th at midnight PST.
Just use code AGAINSTTHEGRAIN for 15% off.
Hey all, so at this point I'm on about day 42/43. I decided to go ahead and extend my "challenge" to a full 90 days bc I felt like it took a long time for me to #fatadapt and figure out the electrolyte situation (see an earlier post) But also, I am really considering this as a long term lifestyle. I am currently down 7 lbs and looking to drop another 5-7 to get to my goal weight. I really enjoy the kind of energy/ feeling I experience from burning fat vs. burning carb- I never feel sluggish or heavy, or extremely full and ready to pop. Even on days after having more carbs, I still feel comfortable in my clothes and how I look. It's really great! Anyway, I wanted to share what my macros and calories have been looking like while on the weight loss portion of my #ketojourney . To calculate, I used the keto calculator by @ruledme I try really hard to stay at 20g carb but find it is really hard for me to do. I feel like I am really good at being at 25-30g tho, so I call it success! (I feel like maybe this is why it took awhile to fat adapt) Mostly, I like having prepared full meals and not feel like I'm snacking all day. I find that I get away with a small breakfast, a full meal, and then will do a smoothie or fill out whatever macro is missing at that last meal. I try to do some #intermittentfasting here and there but it really just depends on my work schedule. Through reading and researching, I figured out that you are supposed to fill you protein macro, and use the fat macro to keep yourself feeling full. This really works and find if i'm still hungry after eating, I didn't put in enough fat into my meal. I use cronometer to track and showed what I ate today- A juice w/ chia, the #beyondmeat bratwurst, this bomb endive recipe I tried by @saucyketo (Thank You), and a small fat bomb. I plan to do another breakdown tomorrow to show you another example of my breakdown w/ meals. Feel free to look and ask my any questions below 👇🏻👇🏻
The Brain-Gut-Fire Trifecta: another aspect the "NUTRITION EXPERTS" completely miss or are clueless about.
There is evidence to suggest early man mastered the use of fire about 1.7 million years ago. That was also a critical phase in our Evolutionary Adaptation. The world was going through another ice age, putting extreme pressure on different species to adapt or die. Clearly, fire mastery would be huge Survival Advantage. Heat & protection on demand!
And with the mastery of fire comes the first use of fire for COOKING. Here is an interesting fact: the cooking of meats makes the NUTRITION in the meat far more bioavailable than raw meat! And there is no ancient community in any part of the world, which doesn't cook its food. So, keep in mind, fire leads to cooking of meat leads to more NUTRITION per meal.
This was also the time, the other crucial changes were happening in the human body. Our GUT started to shrink. Unlike all tree dwelling apes, who have much longer guts, our guts shrank. Now, a shrinking gut means less surface area to digest and absorb nutrients. Why would our gut shrink? Could it be because we didn't need such a long gut any more, because by now we were exclusively eating cooked meat which made more NUTRITION available to be absorbed? This was also the period of significant growth of the Human Brain! So, with more Nutrients and requirement for a shorter gut, there was evolutionary dividends to those with larger BRAINS which could invent even better things to help them survive & thrive.
Brain > Fire > Hunting & Cooking > Gut Shrinkage > Brain Growth. NO OTHER APE went down this path. That's why they are still up in the trees eating leaves and surviving on their extensive digestive tract. But our gut has EVOLVED to process cooked meat! Feed it anything else, and you are messing with your own body!
Our history with dogs goes farther back than our history with domesticated livestock, including sheep and cows. The archaeological record and genetic analysis show the remains of the Bonn–Oberkassel dog buried beside humans 14,200 years ago to be the first undisputed dog, with disputed remains occurring 36,000 years ago. These dates imply that the earliest dogs arose in the time of human hunter-gatherers and not agriculturists. Initially, packs of wolves would follow humans, looking for food scraps. (Do you think wolves were looking to us to toss them pieces of leftover apples? 🙄) At some point the friendlier wolves approached the humans, who in turn took them in as companions. The bond was mutually beneficial in that humans could provide shelter and protection, and wolves could help bring down prey. Friendly wolves were bred with other friendly wolves, to eventually become dogs. What’s interesting about this, is that dogs evolved alongside humans, so they are able to connect with us on a deeper level than many animals today.
There is NO DOUBT that the canine line (even the teeth are named after them) are hardcore CARNIVORES. Why would a Carnivorous Species like wolves, consummate HUNTERS in their own right, partner with a supposedly "PLANT EATING" APE? 🙄 Because, WE WEREN'T! We are the only ape species that is CARNIVOROUS - it's that one thing that distinguishes us from other apes! We became SUPREME HUNTERS over and above all other species, through the use of our growing brains and invention of weapons! And that is the secret behind the human success story of the rise to the top of the food chain.
Bottom-line: If your ignore your Evolutionary Heritage, and fill your diet full of plants, get ready for a life full of Health Issues. Because, that's not what your body expects to be fed.
THE GREATEST CASUALTY OF THE HUMAN WAR ON MEAT & FAT HAS BEEN THE HUMAN BRAIN!
Over the past 20,000 years, the average volume of the human brain has decreased from 1,500 cubic centimeters to 1,350 cc, losing a chunk the size of a tennis ball. This happened in China, Europe, Africa—everywhere we look. If our brain keeps dwindling at that rate over the next 20,000 years, it will start to approach the size of that were found in Homo erectus, a relative that lived half a million years ago and had a brain volume of only 1,100 cc.
The Homo Sapiens with the biggest brains lived 20,000 to 30,000 years ago in Europe. Called the Cro-Magnons, they had barrel chests and huge, jutting jaws with enormous teeth. (Sounds like a viscous carnivore to me!) Christopher Stringer, a paleoanthropologist and research leader on human origins at the Natural History Museum in London, says: Indeed, skeletal evidence from every inhabited continent suggests that our brains have become smaller in the past 10,000 to 20,000 years.
Some of the shrinkage is very likely related to the decline in humans' average body size during the past 10,000 years. BODY SIZE IN HUMANS IS DIRECTLY PROPORTIONATE TO THE AMOUNT OF MEAT CONSUMED. Less meat, smaller humans, smaller brains.
This decline in brain size also perfectly coincides to the increase in warmer conditions on the earth in the 10,000 years after the last ice age ended. During the ice age, PLANT FOODS are rare to nonexistent. So the only viable means of norishment for 6-foot tall Homo Sapiens of yore was HUNTED MEAT. Lots of it! Think big woolly mammoths with tons of LARD!
Ever since the planet has gotten warmer, humans have started relying on agriculture and thus plant foods have become the staple diet, and the price: MASS BRAIN DRAIN! Talk about a DUMB DIETARY STRATEGY!