Explosive! This cannon was captured by the Dutch colonial army in 1873 when they defeated the Acehnese on the island of Sumatra. The piece was a sixteenth century gift by Sultan Soleyman of Turkey (1494-1566). An Acehnese delegation visited the Turkish ruler to be praised for their attacks on the Portuguese in Malacca. They brought pepper with them. In exchange, the Sultan offered the delegates this 6 meter long gun.
The Dutch king Willem III (1817-1890) offered the war loot to @museumbronbeek and decided to place an extra wreath in gold (!) on top of it (swipe to see). The added ornament commemorates all who risked their lives for King and Country in the overseas possessions. As such, this so-called 'pepper piece' has a very dual and contested history. #bronbeek#museum#exhibitions#militaryhistory#colonialhistory#warloot#gun#cannon#giftexchange#diplomacy#aceh#sumatra#turkey#dutcheastindies#housoforange#willemiii
“Siege of Pensacola”
In 1779, Spain entered the American Revolution on the American’s side. Spanish governor of Louisiana, Bernardo de Galvez, took the initiative and began attacking forts in British West Florida. He captured Mobile and Fort Bute, before turning to Pensacola, the capital of West Florida. The first attempt to take Pensacola was ruined when a hurricane dispersed the invasion fleet, which had sailed from Havana. After regrouping, the fleet sailed again and arrived in March. The Spanish grossly outnumbered the British forces with only around 2,0000 British garrisoning the fort, while the Spanish had around 7,000 soldiers. After a 61 day siege, a howitzer shell ignited a gunpowder magazine causing a massive explosion. The Spanish then poured in through the gap. The British commander, John Campbell, surrendered Pensacola and the rest of West Florida to the Spanish.
This picture depicts the Spanish forces repulsing a British sally. In the center, is Galvez, standing proud and defiantly on the ramparts. Native Americans can be seen lying injured on the ground. These were most likely Choctaws, who offered assistance to the British. The British could have had around 1,500 Natives assisting them but mismanagement by the British commander, John Campbell, caused many to go home. —-
“For Spain and For the King, Galvez in America!” by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau.
Series of new content by moi emerging on the @creativedatabase site so head over to shadesofnoir.org.uk to read about some topics that have been emerging within public discourse, my artwork & review coverage of some phenomenal events I have had the pleasure to attending this year.
A few titles include:
- ‘Risk’ as a Buzzword
- Decolonizing & Other Acronyms, Part 2
- Regression: /rɪˈɡrɛʃ(ə)n/
- White Privilege: The Little Things
- The ‘I’ in Internet
- B.A.M.E is LAME
- Post-Back: in conversation with @ian.barrington & so much more...
EXTRACT [Risk as a Buzzword]:
...Decolonising the Institution event, hosted by the @rcasu.org.uk Co-President Benji Jeffrey to a well-oversubscribed viewership within the @royalcollegeofart Gorvy Lecture Theatre on 11th April 2018 [...] concerns regarding the usage of the term ‘risk’ within this context:
“How are trialling other methods in education a risk at all if the current system is failing students, Austin remarks post-event. Important to note however, [that the system] would be failing ALL students, not only those who have been historically marginalised. All students suffer because they all leave [university] with an internalised hierarchy of Art + Design histories/realities – with western/whiteness at the centre.
[Therefore, whilst] this system demeans everyone’s humanity, […] for some it might inflict feelings of loneliness/isolation, for others it gives institutional validation/supremacy” (Austin, 2018).
How then can risk be explored through managing exposure? .
Who has the necessary skills to guide us in the ongoing anthology of decolonisation? Students? The Teaching Staff? Policy Makers? Similarly we musk ask again, what does decolonisation mean?
HAPPY READING 📖
#Decolonising#writing#opinion#buzzwords#AttainmentGap # #diversity#equality#Inclusivity#Discrimination#AntiBlackness#InstitutionalNavigation#WhitePrivilege#WhiteSupremacy#Racism#Prejudice#marginalisedcommunities#blackandminorityethnics#bme#InstitutionalRacism#Critique#ethnicminority#PeopleofColour#POC#colonialhistory
This little cutie just arrived this week, the Chain of Hearts or Ceropegia woodii. She's tiny, a gift, and lots of her wee stems were crushed in transit, so she's getting lots of TLC. Here's a closeup of her tiny trailing hearts. It's hard not to have visions of her settling in and becoming a magnificently prolific hanging sculpture over time. Am sharing these because the leaves are so pretty 🧡🌱and also to include the first European illustration of the plant, by Botanical Artist Matilda Smith. Smith's work is really special. The chain of hearts is native to the Kingdom of Eswatini, Zimbabwe and South Africa. When a living plant was sent to the Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew in 1894, Smith illustrated the variegated variety for Curtis’s Botanical Magazine in 1900. Her work is so lovely. This second image is courtesy of Wikipedia :) Happy Sunday! 🧡🌱
Seventy-seven years ago today, the world irrevocably changed for so many Charlotteans as they learned of the attack on Pearl Harbor and awaited the entry of the United States into World War II. Cade Lee Austin was 16 years old on December 07, 1941. By 1944, he had enlisted in the U.S. Navy. The dress blue uniform blouse and navy flag hat seen here were a part of that journey taken by a young 19 year old sailor as he traveled half a world away in service of his country.
Today, most of our Christmas celebrating comes to an abrupt end once the presents have been opened and the meal eaten.
But in the 18th century, December 25 kicked off the first of the 12 days of Christmas (in colonies that actually celebrated the holiday, anyway). New Year’s Eve didn’t warrant a lot of special attention. The 12th night, January 6, was considered a good occasion for balls, parties and weddings.
We are allowed to throw it all right back to last year right?
#TBT to May 2017
This is the Emanuel House standing in its 80s right in Lagos Island. This edifice takes nothing short of the Afro-Brazilian architecture with its concrete balustrades (way different from the usual balusters as seen in buildings like the Old Secretariat along the Marina etc) and it’s plain Doric columns (which are part of the classical orders of columns in architecture) and some Doric pilasters on the left side of the structure. Hopefully we at The Facade Nigeria don’t have to start a hashtag or petition for its safety and longevity ☺️
Last week Marabou posted about colonial language shaping the way people understand African history and culture at the British Museum. Last Friday, coordinated actions by Decolonize This Place at The Brooklyn Museum and at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) asked for accountability and repatriation of African objects. As people demand museums acknowledge and rectify historical transgressions, how are institutions responding? ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Over the past two weeks there have been articles about French President Macron vowing to return pillaged African objects, the Rapa Nui and the Chilean government continuing to petition the British Museum for the return of Hoa Hakananai’a, and the British Museum “returning” objects to Nigeria. Public interest in repatriation of objects and acknowledgment of colonial forces shaping the way museums are structured is increasingly reflected in the mainstream news. Marabou has compiled some articles and annotated them for your reading pleasure. 🌈🤓🗞 The articles highlight the British Museum, the French Government, and the Brooklyn Museum. What do you think of the institutions’ responses, or lack thereof? 🤔 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
[👀Read the full post through the link in bio.] ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Image 1: Screenshot of CNN article “British Museum to return Benin Bronzes to Nigeria. Image 2: Screenshot from the New York Times article “Museums in France Should Return African Treasures, Report Says” Image 3: Screenshot from artnet article “A French Museum Director Pushes Back Against a Radical Report Calling on Macron to Return Looted African Art” ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Main street Milton....early 1900 (ish)
Yet another of the wonderful images shared by a local family, cant wait to see what else they have safely stored!
We love that this community holds so tightly to its treasured memories and lifts up its own.
How lucky Old Schoolhouse Milton is to have even a small part of this history to treasure and share!
• European Barmaids in 19th/20th century colonial territories -
European barmaids were banned from working in 1902 in India (Calcutta) and Burma. Bars had become a place where European- mainly British- women were more frequently working at in colonial territories such as India. The ban was placed because in serving mixed race and Indian men they were blurring the lines between social and racial hierarchy and the government were worried about too much cultural fluidity. In short, white British and European women serving colonised men was seen as the wrong way around. Bars also led to sexual encounters which again mixed racial boundaries according to opponents of the ‘barmaid’. These women, after the ban, continued to work in less official bars and also in prostitution but the authorities didn’t care as long as officially it wasn’t seen that white women were serving a ‘lesser race’ in their words. 🍸 -
Such a small part of life was a large microcosm of colonial beliefs in not blurring the established lines between the colonised and the coloniser. -
Just came across the most fascinating book in Barnes and Noble.. a history of Chesapeake Bay region historic architecture by the research department at Colonial Williamsburg. Excuse me while I nerd out on bricklaying styles 😆#VirginiaHistory#ColonialHistory
My real life #bookshelf and #reading view. I have read most of these, with a few exceptions. They are a mess because my youngest enjoys pulling them all out to look at them! .
A few of these that you can kind of see were on my #2018booklist , and one that struck me pretty hard was, Congo: The Epic History of a People by David Van Reybrouck.
I liked the narrative style of this book, it isnt dry or boring, and it feels truly like storytelling; the reader is drqwn in with vivid descriptions of the people and places, so much so that you can't help but feel the hot sun and feel the dust settle on your skin. The other thing I liked about it, is that it covers history pre-colonization: most books tend to treat Congo as though it just began to have history in the 1880s. .
That said, I got stuck and havent yet finished, as the topic and its devestation hit very close to home. It covers the history of what is now DRC from the period from the beginning of the slave trade to the more recent first and second Congo wars- the deadliest conflict since WWII- with what is estimated at 5-6 million people having lost their lives. .
My husband grew up in the time of these two wars, which to some extent continue to today, and when I read these stories I see the faces of my in laws- hence me not finishing it. If you can, though, I recommend it to anyone interested in knowing more about the region- and really, Western countries have been involved in various ways politically, militarily and economically, so its worth a read if only for that. .
【BCS Event - De Onkruidenier's Natural Cement Workshop 🌞🌞🌞】 Yesterday our residency artist group De Onkruidenier host a natural cement workshop collaborating with local ecological expert Mr. Chen (陳江河老師) and Cheng Chen Environmental Education Foundation (財團法人建臻環境教育基金會) in an cultural building of Cheng Family (程氏古厝). In the morning, Mr. Chen showed us along the Shalun Beach (沙崙海灘) to see the coastline that has deep connection with the colonial history. After lunch, Jonmar and Ronald demonstrated how they make organic cement following the recipe from their ancester made by sand, shell, rice and sugar. Afterwards, all the participants created their own compressed landscape with the materials they collected from the beach with the natural cement as glue. .. It was a very relaxing afternoon and everyone enjoyed constructing a miniature garden. Thanks to all the friends who joined yesterday.
Photo by : Zito Tseng