Manitoba’s First Flag
A few years ago I read Maggie Siggins’ biography “Riel” and at one point she mentioned that the flag of the Red River Resistance was composed of a fleur-de-lis and a shamrock. I’m currently reading J. M. Bumsted’s “The Red River Rebellion” and he describes this flag as well, although he also refers to a flag consisting of three crosses on a field of white fringed with a gold braid that may pre-date it. The fleur-de-lis and shamrock combination appears to be the one adopted by Louis Riel and his provisional government. The fleur-de-lis is likely a reference to the French heritage of the Metis participants while the shamrock is apparently as a nod to co-conspirator William O’Donoghue’s Irish background. I’m not certain who designed the flag but likely Riel himself would have had some say. The question I have is: what happened to this flag? It’s clearly an important historical artifact but no trace of it seems to remain. It’s possible that when Canadian troops retook the fort from Riel that they may have destroyed the flag, although sometimes items such as these were kept as trophies. At about this point the flag simply disappears from the record. There don’t appear to have been any photographs that exist which include it, so we really can’t say for certain what it looked like. There are however, two artists’ renderings of the execution of Canadian loyalist Thomas Scott, which include depictions of a flag which may be that of the provisional government. It would be interesting to learn its ultimate fate, and, in the very remote chance that it still exists, to have it held in our provincial historical archives.
#NationalIndigenousHistoryMonth | In 1865, Louis Riel said: “My people will sleep for one hundred years, but when they awake, it will be the artists who give them their spirits back.” Read more about our unique history in this @vueweekly article: http://qoo.ly/qa7qv
Detoured by a piece of #canadashistory on my way home last night. The #coldwarbunker was built to store documents in the event that Canada came under attack during the cold war. Of the dozen or so pics on my phone these are the only ones that turned out. --the sunset was on my way back to the parking lot-'
Voting is open until June 22 for student Heritage Fair videos! Check out YoungCitizens.ca and find 11 great PEI videos by PEI students. And vote!! For PEI!! - Charlottetown Farmers Market / L'importance du marche des fermiers
- Life in the Trenches 1914-1918
- My Métis Heritage
- Beaconsfield Historic House
- The Spy from PEI
- My historic house / Ma maison historique
- Vimy Ridge
- As long as the sun and moon endure I am a treaty person
- Forgotten Pandemic -- the Spanish Flu
- Wonda Who Wanda Was?
- Anne of Green Gables - the Musical / Anne...la maison aux pignons vert la comidie musicale #pei#peiheritagefair#charlottetown#Summerside#canadashistory#education#farmersmarket#cbcpei#historichomes#learning#militaryhistory @confedcentre @city_of_charlottetown @exedupei @peimuseum @peiguardian @peicultureactionplan @charlottetownfarmersmarket @culturesummerside @indianriverfest @canadashistory @cbcpei @mcpeicommunications
As part of a policy of assimilation, the federal government banned the potlatch from 1884 to 1951 in an amendment to the Indian Act. The government and its supporters saw the ceremony as anti-Christian, reckless and wasteful of personal property. They failed to understand the potlatch’s symbolic importance as well as its communal economic exchange value.
By the time the ban was repealed in 1951, due largely to the difficulties of enforcement and changes in attitudes, traditional Indigenous identities had been damaged and social relations disrupted. However, the ban did not completely eradicate the potlatch, which still exists in various communities today
Learn more at Potlatch 67-67 opening July 20th @ Comox Valley Art Gallery
Photo of Potlatch of the Kwakwa̱ka̱’wakw people by Edward S Curtis
Métis are people of mixed European and Indigenous ancestry, and one of the three recognized #aboriginal#peoples in Canada. The use of the term Métis is complex and contentious, and has different historical and contemporary meanings. The term is used to describe #communities of mixed European and Indigenous descent across Canada, and a specific community of people — defined as the Métis Nation — which originated largely in Western Canada and emerged as a political force in the 19th century, radiating outwards from the Red River Settlement. While the Canadian government politically marginalized the Métis after 1885, they have since been recognized as an Aboriginal people with rights enshrined in the Constitution of Canada and more clearly defined in a series of Supreme Court of Canadadecisions. For more information read " Métis" by Adam Gaudry. Source: https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/m/article/metis/ #metis#metisnation#canada#explorecanada#firstpeoples#history#museum#canadashistory#historytrip
Wonderful to have Her Honour LG Antoinette Perry attend & participate in today’s PEI Heritage Fair! Congrats to all students! Many thanks to all participants, judges, volunteers & sponsors!! ❤️ @ccoagallery @confedcentre @canadashistory @city_of_charlottetown @peimuseum @peicultureactionplan @exedupei #pei#peiheritagefair#heritagefair#learning#canadashistory#charlottetown
Sir John A Macdonald so eloquently speaking on why Indigenous “children should be withdrawn as much as possible from parental influence” and why Indigenous children should “acquire the habits and modes of thought of white men.” @aylanx #monugogyII#canadashistory#veryfinepeopleonbothsides
This is a journey I should have taken sooner, I’ve been living in Canada for a long time now, and I need to actively explore Canada’s collective history. And since I’ve started this journey I’ve learnt how similar the Irish Natives and First Peoples lives were, their customs, traditions, connections with the earth, and sadly in their histories. #reconciliation#canadashistory#irishnative#firstpeoples
For the 2017 Government of Canada History Awards, one of the 5 topics was reconciliation with indigenous peoples. My sister submitted a work historical fiction about a Semiahmoo woman...She won a $1,000 award Masha Allah!!!!!! This is what she said about her writing: "I learned about First Nations peoples and reconciliation in Grade 10 and I just could not comprehend the injustices that Aboriginal Peoples went through in the past and that they continue to go through. In doing this historical piece of writing, I hoped to learn more about the state of Aboriginal Peoples today and what we can do to help raise awareness to their plight, and give them an equal place in society." #writerinthefamily#indigenouspeoples#reconciliation#semiahmoo#canada#canadashistory
The link to the full piece is in my bio 😘
It is as astonishing to think how much has changed in the last 100 years. Take agriculture for instance. .
We found these books from the Ontario Department of Agriculture printed in 1901 & 1930 in the barn. The books provide information on cheese and butter making and instruction on butchering hogs and curing pork. Back then horses worked the land and now there are tractors equipped with GPS that can drive themselves. .
However, the most surprising thing I found was an article on insects put out by the Ontario Department of Agriculture in 1901. It boldly claims that God is the creator of all! Swipe to read the pages of the articles.👉
This was the change that surprised me the most... To think in a 100 years it's gone from being taught and accepted in major institutions and government that God is the Divine Creator of all, to atheism and teaching the "theory" of evolution and "the big bang" as fact.
To quote from the article:
"Who fitted the water-bug to the part it has to play? It did not fit itself... Did nature? No--we do not deify Nature. There is a Divine Being who originated and controls natural forces-- who designed this creature, so admirable in every part."
As a black Canadian Business Woman I LOVE that Viola Desmond is being honoured on the $10 bill. It stirred up some real reflection on not only my history, my country’s history it made me look at my history of 32 years on this earth. As a Western Canadian Caribbean it’s interesting to look back an assess my challenges as a black female from 1980’s 1990’s to now the 21st Century. I truly believe my parents choice of immigrating to this country and specifically Calgary built a unique identity for me as a black little girl. Racism was and is definitely a live and well BUT for ME it is not poured over me like a river on a daily basis. I can only speak for me and my experience and yes Canadians to me are warmer kinder and less judgmental when they meet me. I have experienced the complete opposite reaction in the States and not from just one race but from my same complexion. On a daily basis I get asked if I’m African American?! I laugh because honestly some people just don’t know what they don’t know especially if it has not been established. I proudly respond “Jamaican Canadian, and since you know we are in Canada maybe reflect on you last sentence.” Honestly I don’t truly care about defining the facts as I know we are all one but as we border a country in some serious turmoil it’s relevant. Yes my ancestors are technically African descendants but also both sides of my parents are also from European decent and a bunch of other countries welcome to the West Indies. Anyway, it seems to me both United States and Canada get mixed up for its history when both identities are much different. When it comes to “black people” it’s is interesting where we turn to for pop culture. America!? My hope is for more Viola Desmond’s in the 21st century to define success and inspiration from more Black Canadian women. I love me some Julie Black, and did some research and found Portia White, Carrie Best as more Canadian women historians. But besides Drake, who mostly comes up in Google when searching “black Canadians” who else can young ladies aspire to?
This Mythbuster Monday falls on Louis Riel Day, a day meant to celebrate the achievements of a man who assisted the Métis people in their fight against colonialism in the 19th century.
Today we would like to challenge the myth that his fight against colonialism is in the past.
Fact: Colonialism is an ongoing evil that hasn't stopped affecting Indigenous people on Turtle Island (North America). First of all, what is colonialism? Colonialism is the practice of dominating a country, occupying it with settlers and exploiting the people, economy and every part of that nation. The Canadian government continues to uphold colonialist beliefs which oppresses Indigenous folks and it is incredibly important that we keep that in mind when having conversations about racism in Canada. #knowyourhistory#whitesupremacy#indigenoussolidarity#antiracism#anticolonialism#canada#canadashistory#socialjustice
#SaturdaySchool#Cantonese Class at #MonKeangSchool lesson 4 yesterday was on Friends & Family. We took a field trip to 2 #ChinatownYVR#ChineseClanAssociations the Ing and Kong Chow. Faced with discrimination, poverty and racism at the turn of the century, the Chinese collectively organized and built Clan Associations to provide services for each other and maintain social connectedness in a foreign land. Organized by region and last name, the Association provided housing, banking, employment, death ceremonies, political advocacy, safe recreational space and more. #ChinatownYVR houses 100+ associations all approaching 100 years old. The Ing Association is the only one that formed and remains in its current location today. All others formed in Victoria before moving to #vancouverchinatown
There’s a lot of history here in Belleville.
Did you know that it was renamed Belleville in honour of Lady Arabella Gore in 1816, after a visit to the settlement by Sir Francis Gore and his wife. It had gone through several names before settling on Belleville.
In 1836 Belleville became an incorporated village. By 1846, it had a population of 2040. There were several stone buildings, including a jail and court house as well as some of the seven churches. Transportation to other communities was by stagecoach and, in summer, by a steamboat. Two weekly newspapers were being published. The post office received mail daily. Several court and government offices were located here. In addition to tradesmen, there was some small industry, three cloth factories, a paper miall, two grist mills, three tanneries and two breweries. Seventeen taverns were in operation.
Belleville became an important railway junction with the completion of the Grand Trunk Railway in 1856; this plus a booming trade in lumber and successful farming in the area helped increase the commercial and industrial growth. Belleville was incorporated as a town in 1850.
Here is a nice Postcard of Front st. dated from 1910 Courtesy of @torontolibrary
A Second World War-era photo illustrates Canada’s determination to defeat Nazis.
Submitted by Anita Hochstein of Glastonbury, Connecticut.
This photo shows my mom, Helen Schrempp Hochstein, and her brother Wilfred Schrempp, both of Twin Butte, Alta., in Ottawa in 1943. Born in 1913 and 1916, respectively, Wilf and Helen were the third and fourth children of Bertha Lattman and Fred Schrempp. Bertha and Fred homesteaded at Twin Butte after coming from Hartington, Neb., around 1905 with a group of other ranchers, mostly of German descent.
Both Helen and Wilf graduated from the Normal School in Calgary and taught locally until the Second World War. Mom and her friend Mary McIntyre Schmidt took the train to Ottawa after passing an employment test for work with the Canadian government. Mom worked for the Canadian Army, and Uncle Wilf visited her there while serving in the Army. Wilf also served in the Pacific theatre and brought home a real grass skirt from Tahiti.
After the war, Wilf ranched and taught in the Twin Butte area until he died in 1982. Mom went back to Twin Butte in 1944 to marry Dr. Francis A. Hochstein, who was also the son of homesteaders from Nebraska. Dad studied at the University of Chicago and at MIT in Massachusetts before a long career with Pfizer.
Mom passed away in 2002, but she always spoke fondly of Ottawa and of how she passed up a chance to be photographed by Yousuf Karsh.
This article originally appeared in the December 2017-January 2018 issue of Canada's History magazine.