Scientific Name :-Polianthes tuberosa
Other Name :-Rajnigandha, Tuberosa
Species :- tuberosa
Plant type :-Flower The common name derives from the Latin word tuberosa which meaning "swollen" or tuberosa in reference to its root system. Polyanthes means "Many flower" in Greek. The tuberosa is a night blooming plant native to Mexico, as is every other known species of pollinators. It grows in elongated spikes up to 45cm long that produce clusters of fragrant waxy white flowers that bloom from the bottom towards the top of spike. It has long, bright green leaves clustered at the base of plant and smaller, clasping leaves along the stem. Epiphyllous adhesion of stamen is seen in flower.
#Cultivation :-Tuberosa can be grown outdoors in hardiness zone 8-10, where they will survive in ground if the temperature do not drop any lower than 20°F. In colder zones tuberosa are grown as summer annuals in pots or mixed flower borders where they can be enjoyed for their scent. To flower the plant requires around 4 months of warm temperature from the time the rhizome is planted.
#Uses :- It remains popular floral note for perfumes either in the stand alone. Tuberosa fragrance or mixed floral scenes but it generally must be used in moderation because the essence of overpowering and can become sickly to the wearer. In India and Bangladesh they are widely used in making flower garlanels which are offered to the gods or used in widely ornamentals. .
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Scientific name:-Zephyranthes rosea
Common name:- Rosy rain lily, Fairy lily, Pink rain lily, Rose zephyr lily
Genus :- zephyranthes
Plant type:-Flower Zephyranthes rosea are perennial herbaceous monocot plant. They are small plants, reaching only 15 to 20cm in height. They bear five to six narrow flattened dark green linear leaves about 3-4mm wide, from spherical tunicata bulbs around 1.5-2.5cm in diameter. The single funnel shaped flower are borne erect or slightly inclined on scapes around 10-15cm long and slightly divided only at the tip. The fragrant six petaled flowers are around 2.5cm in diameter and 3-3.5cm in length. The perianth is bright pink with a green central perianth tube that is less than 5mm long. The six stamens are different length. They are shorter than the style and inserted at the mouth of the perianth. The anther are 3-6mm long. The flowers develop into capsules that are divided deeply into three lobes. The seeds are shiny black and flattened.
#Cultivation :- They are usually propagated by dividing clamps of bulbs but can also be grown from seeds. They are widely cultivated as ornamental plants. They are relatively low maintenance , becoming dormant during extended periods of drought. They are less tolerant of colder temperatures than other species of zephyranthes.
#Uses :- pests of Z.rosea includes chewing insects. They are also vulnerable to the necrotrophic fungus botrytis cinerea.In India they are also used in folk medicine along with zephyranthes flava.
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Scientific name:-Helianthus annuus
Species :-Annuus Helianthus annuus are usually tall annual or perennial plants that in some species can grow to a height of 300cm or more. The plant has an erect, rough- hairy stem, its leaves are broad, coarsely toothed and mostly alternate. They bear one or more wide, terminal capitula with bright yellow ray florets at the outside and yellow or mirror disc florets inside. During growth sunflowers tilt during the day to face the sun, but stop once they begin blooming.This tracking of the sun in young sun flower head is called helitropism. By the time they are mature, sunflower generally face east. The petiolate leaves are dentate and often sticky. The lower leaves are opposite, ovate, or often heart red shaped several H. annuus have coloured ray florets.
#Cultivation :- To grow best, sunflowers need full sun.They grow best in fertile moist, well drained soil with heavy mulch.
#Uses :- The sunflower "Whole seed" are sold as a snack food. It also can processed into a peanut butter alternative, Sunflower butter, sunflower oil, extracted from the seeds is used for cooking. . . .
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